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Date:   Tue, 28 Jan 2020 15:48:24 +0530
From:   Ritesh Harjani <riteshh@...ux.ibm.com>
To:     jack@...e.cz, tytso@....edu, adilger.kernel@...ger.ca,
        linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, darrick.wong@...cle.com,
        hch@...radead.org, cmaiolino@...hat.com,
        Ritesh Harjani <riteshh@...ux.ibm.com>
Subject: [RFCv2 0/4] ext4: bmap & fiemap conversion to use iomap

Hello All,

Background
==========
There are RFCv2 patches to move ext4 bmap & fiemap calls to use iomap APIs.
This reduces the users of ext4_get_block API and thus a step towards getting
rid of buffer_heads from ext4. Also reduces a lot of code by making use of
existing iomap_ops (except for xattr implementation).

Testing (done on ext4 master branch)
========
'xfstests -g auto' passes with default mkfs/mount configuration
(v/s which also pass with vanilla kernel without this patch). Except
generic/473 which also failes on XFS. This seems to be the test case issue
since it expects the data in slightly different way as compared to what iomap
returns.
Point 2.a below describes more about this.

Observations/Review required
============================
1. bmap related old v/s new method differences:-
	a. In case if addr > INT_MAX, it issues a warning and
	   returns 0 as the block no. While earlier it used to return the
	   truncated value with no warning.
	b. block no. is only returned in case of iomap->type is IOMAP_MAPPED,
	   but not when iomap->type is IOMAP_UNWRITTEN. While with previously
	   we used to get block no. for both of above cases.

2. Fiemap related old v/s new method differences:-
	a. iomap_fiemap returns the disk extent information in exact
	   correspondence with start of user requested logical offset till the
	   length requested by user. While in previous implementation the
	   returned information used to give the complete extent information if
	   the range requested by user lies in between the extent mapping.
	b. iomap_fiemap adds the FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST flag also at the last
	   fiemap_extent mapping range requested by the user via fm_length (
	   if that has a valid mapped extent on the disk). But if the user
	   requested for more fm_length which could not be mapped in the last
	   fiemap_extent, then the flag is not set.
	   

e.g. output for above differences 2.a & 2.b
===========================================
create a file with below cmds. 
1. fallocate -o 0 -l 8K testfile.txt
2. xfs_io -c "pwrite 8K 8K" testfile.txt
3. check extent mapping:- xfs_io -c "fiemap -v" testfile.txt
4. run this binary on with and without these patches:- ./a.out (test_fiemap_diff.c) [4]

o/p of xfs_io -c "fiemap -v"
============================================
With this patch on patched kernel:-
testfile.txt:
 EXT: FILE-OFFSET      BLOCK-RANGE          TOTAL FLAGS
   0: [0..15]:         122802736..122802751    16 0x800
   1: [16..31]:        122687536..122687551    16   0x1

without patch on vanilla kernel (no difference):-
testfile.txt:
 EXT: FILE-OFFSET      BLOCK-RANGE          TOTAL FLAGS
   0: [0..15]:         332211376..332211391    16 0x800
   1: [16..31]:        332722392..332722407    16   0x1


o/p of a.out without patch:-
================
riteshh-> ./a.out 
logical: [       0..      15] phys: 332211376..332211391 flags: 0x800 tot: 16
(0) extent flag = 2048

o/p of a.out with patch (both point 2.a & 2.b could be seen)
=======================
riteshh-> ./a.out
logical: [       0..       7] phys: 122802736..122802743 flags: 0x801 tot: 8
(0) extent flag = 2049

FYI - In test_fiemap_diff.c test we had 
a. fm_extent_count = 1
b. fm_start = 0
c. fm_length = 4K
Whereas when we change fm_extent_count = 32, then we don't see any difference.

e.g. output for above difference listed in point 1.b
====================================================

o/p without patch (block no returned for unwritten block as well)
=========Testing IOCTL FIBMAP=========
File size = 16384, blkcnt = 4, blocksize = 4096
  0   41526422
  1   41526423
  2   41590299
  3   41590300

o/p with patch (0 returned for unwritten block)
=========Testing IOCTL FIBMAP=========
File size = 16384, blkcnt = 4, blocksize = 4096
  0          0          0
  1          0          0
  2   15335942      29953
  3   15335943      29953


Summary:-
========
Due to some of the observational differences to user, listed above,
requesting to please help with a careful review in moving this to iomap.
Digging into some older threads, it looks like these differences should be fine,
since the same tools have been working fine with XFS (which uses iomap based
implementation) [1]
Also as Ted suggested in [3]: Fiemap & bmap spec could be made based on the ext4
implementation. But since all the tools also work with xfs which uses iomap
based fiemap, so we should be good there.


References of some previous discussions:
=======================================
[1]: https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-fsdevel/msg128370.html
[2]: https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-fsdevel/msg127675.html
[3]: https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-fsdevel/msg128368.html
[4]: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/riteshharjani/LinuxStudy/master/tools/test_fiemap_diff.c
[RFCv1]: https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-ext4/msg67077.html 


Ritesh Harjani (4):
  ext4: Add IOMAP_F_MERGED for non-extent based mapping
  ext4: Optimize ext4_ext_precache for 0 depth
  ext4: Move ext4 bmap to use iomap infrastructure.
  ext4: Move ext4_fiemap to use iomap infrastructure

 fs/ext4/extents.c | 288 +++++++---------------------------------------
 fs/ext4/inline.c  |  41 -------
 fs/ext4/inode.c   |   6 +-
 3 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 286 deletions(-)

-- 
2.21.0

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