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Date:   Sun, 23 Feb 2020 20:33:55 -0800
From:   Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>
To:     "Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@...cle.com>
Cc:     Christoph Hellwig <hch@...radead.org>,
        linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, linux-mm@...ck.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-btrfs@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-erofs@...ts.ozlabs.org, linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-f2fs-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net, cluster-devel@...hat.com,
        ocfs2-devel@....oracle.com, linux-xfs@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v7 22/24] iomap: Convert from readpages to readahead

On Fri, Feb 21, 2020 at 05:00:13PM -0800, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> On Thu, Feb 20, 2020 at 08:57:34AM -0800, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> > On Thu, Feb 20, 2020 at 07:49:12AM -0800, Christoph Hellwig wrote:
> > +/**
> > + * iomap_readahead - Attempt to read pages from a file.
> > + * @rac: Describes the pages to be read.
> > + * @ops: The operations vector for the filesystem.
> > + *
> > + * This function is for filesystems to call to implement their readahead
> > + * address_space operation.
> > + *
> > + * Context: The file is pinned by the caller, and the pages to be read are
> > + * all locked and have an elevated refcount.  This function will unlock
> > + * the pages (once I/O has completed on them, or I/O has been determined to
> > + * not be necessary).  It will also decrease the refcount once the pages
> > + * have been submitted for I/O.  After this point, the page may be removed
> > + * from the page cache, and should not be referenced.
> > + */
> > 
> > > Isn't the context documentation something that belongs into the aop
> > > documentation?  I've never really seen the value of duplicating this
> > > information in method instances, as it is just bound to be out of date
> > > rather sooner than later.
> > 
> > I'm in two minds about it as well.  There's definitely no value in
> > providing kernel-doc for implementations of a common interface ... so
> > rather than fixing the nilfs2 kernel-doc, I just deleted it.  But this
> > isn't just the implementation, like nilfs2_readahead() is, it's a library
> > function for filesystems to call, so it deserves documentation.  On the
> > other hand, there's no real thought to this on the part of the filesystem;
> > the implementation just calls this with the appropriate ops pointer.
> > 
> > Then again, I kind of feel like we need more documentation of iomap to
> > help filesystems convert to using it.  But maybe kernel-doc isn't the
> > mechanism to provide that.
> 
> I think we need more documentation of the parts of iomap where it can
> call back into the filesystem (looking at you, iomap_dio_ops).
> 
> I'm not opposed to letting this comment stay, though I don't see it as
> all that necessary since iomap_readahead implements a callout that's
> documented in vfs.rst and is thus subject to all the constraints listed
> in the (*readahead) documentation.

Right.  And that's not currently in kernel-doc format, but should be.
Something for a different patchset, IMO.

What we need documenting _here_ is the conditions under which the
iomap_ops are called so the filesystem author doesn't need to piece them
together from three different places.  Here's what I currently have:

 * Context: The @ops callbacks may submit I/O (eg to read the addresses of
 * blocks from disc), and may wait for it.  The caller may be trying to
 * access a different page, and so sleeping excessively should be avoided.
 * It may allocate memory, but should avoid large allocations.  This
 * function is called with memalloc_nofs set, so allocations will not cause
 * the filesystem to be reentered.

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