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Date:   Mon, 1 Jun 2020 14:49:51 -0600
From:   Andreas Dilger <adilger@...ger.ca>
To:     Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...nel.org>
Cc:     linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org, Daniel Rosenberg <drosen@...gle.com>,
        stable@...r.kernel.org, linux-f2fs-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net,
        Al Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
        linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org,
        Gabriel Krisman Bertazi <krisman@...labora.co.uk>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] ext4: avoid utf8_strncasecmp() with unstable name

On Jun 1, 2020, at 2:05 PM, Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...nel.org> wrote:
> 
> From: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...gle.com>
> 
> If the dentry name passed to ->d_compare() fits in dentry::d_iname, then
> it may be concurrently modified by a rename.  This can cause undefined
> behavior (possibly out-of-bounds memory accesses or crashes) in
> utf8_strncasecmp(), since fs/unicode/ isn't written to handle strings
> that may be concurrently modified.
> 
> Fix this by first copying the filename to a stack buffer if needed.
> This way we get a stable snapshot of the filename.
> 
> Fixes: b886ee3e778e ("ext4: Support case-insensitive file name lookups")
> Cc: <stable@...r.kernel.org> # v5.2+
> Cc: Al Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>
> Cc: Daniel Rosenberg <drosen@...gle.com>
> Cc: Gabriel Krisman Bertazi <krisman@...labora.co.uk>
> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...gle.com>

LGTM.

Reviewed-by: Andreas Dilger <adilger@...ger.ca>

> ---
> 
> v2: use memcpy() + barrier() instead of a byte-by-byte copy.
> 
> fs/ext4/dir.c | 16 ++++++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/dir.c b/fs/ext4/dir.c
> index c654205f648dd..1d82336b1cd45 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/dir.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/dir.c
> @@ -675,6 +675,7 @@ static int ext4_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len,
> 	struct qstr qstr = {.name = str, .len = len };
> 	const struct dentry *parent = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent);
> 	const struct inode *inode = READ_ONCE(parent->d_inode);
> +	char strbuf[DNAME_INLINE_LEN];
> 
> 	if (!inode || !IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) ||
> 	    !EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_encoding) {
> @@ -683,6 +684,21 @@ static int ext4_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len,
> 		return memcmp(str, name->name, len);
> 	}
> 
> +	/*
> +	 * If the dentry name is stored in-line, then it may be concurrently
> +	 * modified by a rename.  If this happens, the VFS will eventually retry
> +	 * the lookup, so it doesn't matter what ->d_compare() returns.
> +	 * However, it's unsafe to call utf8_strncasecmp() with an unstable
> +	 * string.  Therefore, we have to copy the name into a temporary buffer.
> +	 */
> +	if (len <= DNAME_INLINE_LEN - 1) {
> +		memcpy(strbuf, str, len);
> +		strbuf[len] = 0;
> +		qstr.name = strbuf;
> +		/* prevent compiler from optimizing out the temporary buffer */
> +		barrier();
> +	}
> +
> 	return ext4_ci_compare(inode, name, &qstr, false);
> }
> 
> --
> 2.26.2
> 


Cheers, Andreas






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