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Date:   Mon, 8 Jun 2020 09:57:29 +0200
From:   Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>
To:     "zhangyi (F)" <yi.zhang@...wei.com>
Cc:     linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org, tytso@....edu, jack@...e.cz,
        adilger.kernel@...ger.ca, zhangxiaoxu5@...wei.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ext4, jbd2: switch to use completion variable instead of
 JBD2_REC_ERR

On Tue 26-05-20 22:20:39, zhangyi (F) wrote:
> In the ext4 filesystem with errors=panic, if one process is recording
> errno in the superblock when invoking jbd2_journal_abort() due to some
> error cases, it could be raced by another __ext4_abort() which is
> setting the SB_RDONLY flag but missing panic because errno has not been
> recorded.
> 
> jbd2_journal_abort()
>  journal->j_flags |= JBD2_ABORT;
>  jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno()
>                                    | __ext4_abort()
>                                    |  sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY;
>                                    |  if (!JBD2_REC_ERR)
>                                    |       return;
>  journal->j_flags |= JBD2_REC_ERR;
> 
> Finally, it will no longer trigger panic because the filesystem has
> already been set read-only. Fix this by remove JBD2_REC_ERR and switch
> to use completion variable instead.

Thanks for the patch! I don't quite understand how this last part can
happen: "Finally, it will no longer trigger panic because the filesystem has
already been set read-only."

AFAIU jbd2_journal_abort() gets called somewhere from jbd2 so ext4 doesn't
know about it. At the same time ext4_abort() gets called somewhere from
ext4 and races as you describe above. OK. But then the next ext4_abort()
call should panic() just fine. What am I missing? I understand that we
might want that the first ext4_abort() already triggers the panic but I'd
like to understand whether that's the bug you're trying to fix or something
else...

WRT the solution I think that the completion you add unnecessarily
complicates matters. I'd rather introduce j_abort_mutex to the journal and
all jbd2_journal_abort() calls will take it and release it once everything
is done. That way we can remove JBD2_REC_ERR, races are avoided, and the
filesystem (ext4 or ocfs2) knows that after its call to
jbd2_journal_abort() completes, journal abort is completed (either by us or
someone else) and so we are free to panic. No need for strange
wait_for_completion() calls in ext4_handle_error() or __ext4_abort() and
the error handling is again fully self-contained within the jbd2 layer.

								Honza

> Fixes: 4327ba52afd03 ("ext4, jbd2: ensure entering into panic after recording an error in superblock")
> Signed-off-by: zhangyi (F) <yi.zhang@...wei.com>
> ---
>  fs/ext4/super.c      | 25 +++++++++++++------------
>  fs/jbd2/journal.c    |  6 ++----
>  include/linux/jbd2.h |  6 +++++-
>  3 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
> index bf5fcb477f66..987a0bd5b78a 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/super.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
> @@ -495,6 +495,8 @@ static bool system_going_down(void)
>  
>  static void ext4_handle_error(struct super_block *sb)
>  {
> +	struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
> +
>  	if (test_opt(sb, WARN_ON_ERROR))
>  		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
>  
> @@ -502,9 +504,9 @@ static void ext4_handle_error(struct super_block *sb)
>  		return;
>  
>  	if (!test_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT)) {
> -		journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
> +		journal_t *journal = sbi->s_journal;
>  
> -		EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags |= EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED;
> +		sbi->s_mount_flags |= EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED;
>  		if (journal)
>  			jbd2_journal_abort(journal, -EIO);
>  	}
> @@ -522,9 +524,8 @@ static void ext4_handle_error(struct super_block *sb)
>  		smp_wmb();
>  		sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY;
>  	} else if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC)) {
> -		if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal &&
> -		  !(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal->j_flags & JBD2_REC_ERR))
> -			return;
> +		if (sbi->s_journal && is_journal_aborted(sbi->s_journal))
> +			wait_for_completion(&sbi->s_journal->j_record_errno);
>  		panic("EXT4-fs (device %s): panic forced after error\n",
>  			sb->s_id);
>  	}
> @@ -710,10 +711,11 @@ void __ext4_std_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *function,
>  void __ext4_abort(struct super_block *sb, const char *function,
>  		  unsigned int line, int error, const char *fmt, ...)
>  {
> +	struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
>  	struct va_format vaf;
>  	va_list args;
>  
> -	if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb))))
> +	if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(sbi)))
>  		return;
>  
>  	save_error_info(sb, error, 0, 0, function, line);
> @@ -726,20 +728,19 @@ void __ext4_abort(struct super_block *sb, const char *function,
>  
>  	if (sb_rdonly(sb) == 0) {
>  		ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Remounting filesystem read-only");
> -		EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags |= EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED;
> +		sbi->s_mount_flags |= EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED;
>  		/*
>  		 * Make sure updated value of ->s_mount_flags will be visible
>  		 * before ->s_flags update
>  		 */
>  		smp_wmb();
>  		sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY;
> -		if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal)
> -			jbd2_journal_abort(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal, -EIO);
> +		if (sbi->s_journal)
> +			jbd2_journal_abort(sbi->s_journal, -EIO);
>  	}
>  	if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC) && !system_going_down()) {
> -		if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal &&
> -		  !(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal->j_flags & JBD2_REC_ERR))
> -			return;
> +		if (sbi->s_journal && is_journal_aborted(sbi->s_journal))
> +			wait_for_completion(&sbi->s_journal->j_record_errno);
>  		panic("EXT4-fs panic from previous error\n");
>  	}
>  }
> diff --git a/fs/jbd2/journal.c b/fs/jbd2/journal.c
> index a49d0e670ddf..b8acdb2f7ac7 100644
> --- a/fs/jbd2/journal.c
> +++ b/fs/jbd2/journal.c
> @@ -1140,6 +1140,7 @@ static journal_t *journal_init_common(struct block_device *bdev,
>  	init_waitqueue_head(&journal->j_wait_commit);
>  	init_waitqueue_head(&journal->j_wait_updates);
>  	init_waitqueue_head(&journal->j_wait_reserved);
> +	init_completion(&journal->j_record_errno);
>  	mutex_init(&journal->j_barrier);
>  	mutex_init(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex);
>  	spin_lock_init(&journal->j_revoke_lock);
> @@ -2188,10 +2189,7 @@ void jbd2_journal_abort(journal_t *journal, int errno)
>  	 * layer could realise that a filesystem check is needed.
>  	 */
>  	jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal);
> -
> -	write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
> -	journal->j_flags |= JBD2_REC_ERR;
> -	write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
> +	complete_all(&journal->j_record_errno);
>  }
>  
>  /**
> diff --git a/include/linux/jbd2.h b/include/linux/jbd2.h
> index f613d8529863..0f623b0c347f 100644
> --- a/include/linux/jbd2.h
> +++ b/include/linux/jbd2.h
> @@ -765,6 +765,11 @@ struct journal_s
>  	 */
>  	int			j_errno;
>  
> +	/**
> +	 * @j_record_errno: complete to record errno in the journal superblock
> +	 */
> +	struct completion	j_record_errno;
> +
>  	/**
>  	 * @j_sb_buffer: The first part of the superblock buffer.
>  	 */
> @@ -1247,7 +1252,6 @@ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum3,		CSUM_V3)
>  #define JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR	0x040	/* Abort the journal on file
>  						 * data write error in ordered
>  						 * mode */
> -#define JBD2_REC_ERR	0x080	/* The errno in the sb has been recorded */
>  
>  /*
>   * Function declarations for the journaling transaction and buffer
> -- 
> 2.21.3
> 
-- 
Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>
SUSE Labs, CR

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