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Date:   Wed, 17 Jun 2020 16:11:55 +0200
From:   Michal Hocko <mhocko@...nel.org>
To:     Chris Down <chris@...isdown.name>
Cc:     Naresh Kamboju <naresh.kamboju@...aro.org>,
        Yafang Shao <laoar.shao@...il.com>,
        Anders Roxell <anders.roxell@...aro.org>,
        "Linux F2FS DEV, Mailing List" 
        <linux-f2fs-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net>,
        linux-ext4 <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-block <linux-block@...r.kernel.org>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        open list <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux-Next Mailing List <linux-next@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-mm <linux-mm@...ck.org>, Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@...ger.ca>,
        Jaegeuk Kim <jaegeuk@...nel.org>,
        Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>, Chao Yu <chao@...nel.org>,
        Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>,
        Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@...hat.com>,
        Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>,
        Chao Yu <yuchao0@...wei.com>, lkft-triage@...ts.linaro.org,
        Johannes Weiner <hannes@...xchg.org>,
        Roman Gushchin <guro@...com>, Cgroups <cgroups@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: mm: mkfs.ext4 invoked oom-killer on i386 - pagecache_get_page

[Our emails have crossed]

On Wed 17-06-20 14:57:58, Chris Down wrote:
> Naresh Kamboju writes:
> > mkfs -t ext4 /dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MG04ACA100N_Y8RQK14KF6XF
> > mke2fs 1.43.8 (1-Jan-2018)
> > Creating filesystem with 244190646 4k blocks and 61054976 inodes
> > Filesystem UUID: 7c380766-0ed8-41ba-a0de-3c08e78f1891
> > Superblock backups stored on blocks:
> > 32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208,
> > 4096000, 7962624, 11239424, 20480000, 23887872, 71663616, 78675968,
> > 102400000, 214990848
> > Allocating group tables:    0/7453 done
> > Writing inode tables:    0/7453 done
> > Creating journal (262144 blocks): [   51.544525] under min:0 emin:0
> > [   51.845304] under min:0 emin:0
> > [   51.848738] under min:0 emin:0
> > [   51.858147] under min:0 emin:0
> > [   51.861333] under min:0 emin:0
> > [   51.862034] under min:0 emin:0
> > [   51.862442] under min:0 emin:0
> > [   51.862763] under min:0 emin:0
> 
> Thanks, this helps a lot. Somehow we're entering mem_cgroup_below_min even
> when min/emin is 0 (which should indeed be the case if you haven't set them
> in the hierarchy).
> 
> My guess is that page_counter_read(&memcg->memory) is 0, which means
> mem_cgroup_below_min will return 1.

Yes this is the case because this is likely the root memcg which skips
all charges.

> However, I don't know for sure why that should then result in the OOM killer
> coming along. My guess is that since this memcg has 0 pages to scan anyway,
> we enter premature OOM under some conditions. I don't know why we wouldn't
> have hit that with the old version of mem_cgroup_protected that returned
> MEMCG_PROT_* members, though.

Not really. There is likely no other memcg to reclaim from and assuming
min limit protection will result in no reclaimable memory and thus the
OOM killer.

> Can you please try the patch with the `>=` checks in mem_cgroup_below_min
> and mem_cgroup_below_low changed to `>`? If that fixes it, then that gives a
> strong hint about what's going on here.

This would work but I believe an explicit check for the root memcg would
be easier to spot the reasoning.

-- 
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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