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Date:   Tue, 23 Jun 2020 21:33:39 -0700
From:   Daniel Rosenberg <drosen@...gle.com>
To:     "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@....edu>, linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org,
        Jaegeuk Kim <jaegeuk@...nel.org>, Chao Yu <chao@...nel.org>,
        linux-f2fs-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net,
        Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...nel.org>,
        linux-fscrypt@...r.kernel.org,
        Alexander Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
        Richard Weinberger <richard@....at>
Cc:     linux-mtd@...ts.infradead.org,
        Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@...ger.ca>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>, linux-doc@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org,
        Gabriel Krisman Bertazi <krisman@...labora.com>,
        kernel-team@...roid.com, Daniel Rosenberg <drosen@...gle.com>
Subject: [PATCH v9 2/4] fs: Add standard casefolding support

This adds general supporting functions for filesystems that use
utf8 casefolding. It provides standard dentry_operations and adds the
necessary structures in struct super_block to allow this standardization.

Ext4 and F2fs will switch to these common implementations.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Rosenberg <drosen@...gle.com>
---
 fs/libfs.c         | 101 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/fs.h |  22 ++++++++++
 2 files changed, 123 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/libfs.c b/fs/libfs.c
index 4d08edf19c782..f7345a5ed562f 100644
--- a/fs/libfs.c
+++ b/fs/libfs.c
@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@
 #include <linux/fs_context.h>
 #include <linux/pseudo_fs.h>
 #include <linux/fsnotify.h>
+#include <linux/unicode.h>
+#include <linux/fscrypt.h>
 
 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
 
@@ -1363,3 +1365,102 @@ bool is_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode)
 	return (inode->i_fop == &empty_dir_operations) &&
 		(inode->i_op == &empty_dir_inode_operations);
 }
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE
+/**
+ * needs_casefold - generic helper to determine if a filename should be casefolded
+ * @dir: Parent directory
+ *
+ * Generic helper for filesystems to use to determine if the name of a dentry
+ * should be casefolded. It does not make sense to casefold the no-key token of
+ * an encrypted filename.
+ *
+ * Return: if names will need casefolding
+ */
+bool needs_casefold(const struct inode *dir)
+{
+	return IS_CASEFOLDED(dir) && dir->i_sb->s_encoding &&
+			(!IS_ENCRYPTED(dir) || fscrypt_has_encryption_key(dir));
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(needs_casefold);
+
+/**
+ * generic_ci_d_compare - generic d_compare implementation for casefolding filesystems
+ * @dentry:	dentry whose name we are checking against
+ * @len:	len of name of dentry
+ * @str:	str pointer to name of dentry
+ * @name:	Name to compare against
+ *
+ * Return: 0 if names match, 1 if mismatch, or -ERRNO
+ */
+int generic_ci_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len,
+			  const char *str, const struct qstr *name)
+{
+	const struct dentry *parent = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent);
+	const struct inode *inode = READ_ONCE(parent->d_inode);
+	const struct super_block *sb = dentry->d_sb;
+	const struct unicode_map *um = sb->s_encoding;
+	struct qstr qstr = QSTR_INIT(str, len);
+	char strbuf[DNAME_INLINE_LEN];
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!inode || !needs_casefold(inode))
+		goto fallback;
+	/*
+	 * If the dentry name is stored in-line, then it may be concurrently
+	 * modified by a rename.  If this happens, the VFS will eventually retry
+	 * the lookup, so it doesn't matter what ->d_compare() returns.
+	 * However, it's unsafe to call utf8_strncasecmp() with an unstable
+	 * string.  Therefore, we have to copy the name into a temporary buffer.
+	 */
+	if (len <= DNAME_INLINE_LEN - 1) {
+		memcpy(strbuf, str, len);
+		strbuf[len] = 0;
+		qstr.name = strbuf;
+		/* prevent compiler from optimizing out the temporary buffer */
+		barrier();
+	}
+	ret = utf8_strncasecmp(um, name, &qstr);
+	if (ret >= 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (sb_has_enc_strict_mode(sb))
+		return -EINVAL;
+fallback:
+	if (len != name->len)
+		return 1;
+	return !!memcmp(str, name->name, len);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_ci_d_compare);
+
+/**
+ * generic_ci_d_hash - generic d_hash implementation for casefolding filesystems
+ * @dentry:	dentry whose name we are hashing
+ * @str:	qstr of name whose hash we should fill in
+ *
+ * Return: 0 if hash was successful, or -ERRNO
+ */
+int generic_ci_d_hash(const struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *str)
+{
+	const struct inode *inode = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_inode);
+	struct super_block *sb = dentry->d_sb;
+	const struct unicode_map *um = sb->s_encoding;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (!inode || !needs_casefold(inode))
+		return 0;
+
+	ret = utf8_casefold_hash(um, dentry, str);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto err;
+
+	return 0;
+err:
+	if (sb_has_enc_strict_mode(sb))
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+	else
+		ret = 0;
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_ci_d_hash);
+#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 3f881a892ea74..261904e06873b 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -1392,6 +1392,12 @@ extern int send_sigurg(struct fown_struct *fown);
 #define SB_ACTIVE	(1<<30)
 #define SB_NOUSER	(1<<31)
 
+/* These flags relate to encoding and casefolding */
+#define SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL	(1 << 0)
+
+#define sb_has_enc_strict_mode(sb) \
+	(sb->s_encoding_flags & SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL)
+
 /*
  *	Umount options
  */
@@ -1461,6 +1467,10 @@ struct super_block {
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY
 	const struct fsverity_operations *s_vop;
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE
+	struct unicode_map *s_encoding;
+	__u16 s_encoding_flags;
 #endif
 	struct hlist_bl_head	s_roots;	/* alternate root dentries for NFS */
 	struct list_head	s_mounts;	/* list of mounts; _not_ for fs use */
@@ -3385,6 +3395,18 @@ extern int generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int);
 
 extern int generic_check_addressable(unsigned, u64);
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE
+extern int generic_ci_d_hash(const struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *str);
+extern int generic_ci_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len,
+				const char *str, const struct qstr *name);
+extern bool needs_casefold(const struct inode *dir);
+#else
+static inline bool needs_casefold(const struct inode *dir)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION
 extern int buffer_migrate_page(struct address_space *,
 				struct page *, struct page *,
-- 
2.27.0.111.gc72c7da667-goog

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