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Date:   Mon, 24 Aug 2020 12:39:26 -0400
From:   Sasha Levin <sashal@...nel.org>
To:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, stable@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     Xianting Tian <xianting_tian@....com>,
        Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>, Sasha Levin <sashal@...nel.org>,
        linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH AUTOSEL 4.9 3/8] fs: prevent BUG_ON in submit_bh_wbc()

From: Xianting Tian <xianting_tian@....com>

[ Upstream commit 377254b2cd2252c7c3151b113cbdf93a7736c2e9 ]

If a device is hot-removed --- for example, when a physical device is
unplugged from pcie slot or a nbd device's network is shutdown ---
this can result in a BUG_ON() crash in submit_bh_wbc().  This is
because the when the block device dies, the buffer heads will have
their Buffer_Mapped flag get cleared, leading to the crash in
submit_bh_wbc.

We had attempted to work around this problem in commit a17712c8
("ext4: check superblock mapped prior to committing").  Unfortunately,
it's still possible to hit the BUG_ON(!buffer_mapped(bh)) if the
device dies between when the work-around check in ext4_commit_super()
and when submit_bh_wbh() is finally called:

Code path:
ext4_commit_super
    judge if 'buffer_mapped(sbh)' is false, return <== commit a17712c8
          lock_buffer(sbh)
          ...
          unlock_buffer(sbh)
               __sync_dirty_buffer(sbh,...
                    lock_buffer(sbh)
                        judge if 'buffer_mapped(sbh))' is false, return <== added by this patch
                            submit_bh(...,sbh)
                                submit_bh_wbc(...,sbh,...)

[100722.966497] kernel BUG at fs/buffer.c:3095! <== BUG_ON(!buffer_mapped(bh))' in submit_bh_wbc()
[100722.966503] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
[100722.966566] task: ffff8817e15a9e40 task.stack: ffffc90024744000
[100722.966574] RIP: 0010:submit_bh_wbc+0x180/0x190
[100722.966575] RSP: 0018:ffffc90024747a90 EFLAGS: 00010246
[100722.966576] RAX: 0000000000620005 RBX: ffff8818a80603a8 RCX: 0000000000000000
[100722.966576] RDX: ffff8818a80603a8 RSI: 0000000000020800 RDI: 0000000000000001
[100722.966577] RBP: ffffc90024747ac0 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: ffff88207f94170d
[100722.966578] R10: 00000000000437c8 R11: 0000000000000001 R12: 0000000000020800
[100722.966578] R13: 0000000000000001 R14: 000000000bf9a438 R15: ffff88195f333000
[100722.966580] FS:  00007fa2eee27700(0000) GS:ffff88203d840000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[100722.966580] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[100722.966581] CR2: 0000000000f0b008 CR3: 000000201a622003 CR4: 00000000007606e0
[100722.966582] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[100722.966583] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[100722.966583] PKRU: 55555554
[100722.966583] Call Trace:
[100722.966588]  __sync_dirty_buffer+0x6e/0xd0
[100722.966614]  ext4_commit_super+0x1d8/0x290 [ext4]
[100722.966626]  __ext4_std_error+0x78/0x100 [ext4]
[100722.966635]  ? __ext4_journal_get_write_access+0xca/0x120 [ext4]
[100722.966646]  ext4_reserve_inode_write+0x58/0xb0 [ext4]
[100722.966655]  ? ext4_dirty_inode+0x48/0x70 [ext4]
[100722.966663]  ext4_mark_inode_dirty+0x53/0x1e0 [ext4]
[100722.966671]  ? __ext4_journal_start_sb+0x6d/0xf0 [ext4]
[100722.966679]  ext4_dirty_inode+0x48/0x70 [ext4]
[100722.966682]  __mark_inode_dirty+0x17f/0x350
[100722.966686]  generic_update_time+0x87/0xd0
[100722.966687]  touch_atime+0xa9/0xd0
[100722.966690]  generic_file_read_iter+0xa09/0xcd0
[100722.966694]  ? page_cache_tree_insert+0xb0/0xb0
[100722.966704]  ext4_file_read_iter+0x4a/0x100 [ext4]
[100722.966707]  ? __inode_security_revalidate+0x4f/0x60
[100722.966709]  __vfs_read+0xec/0x160
[100722.966711]  vfs_read+0x8c/0x130
[100722.966712]  SyS_pread64+0x87/0xb0
[100722.966716]  do_syscall_64+0x67/0x1b0
[100722.966719]  entry_SYSCALL64_slow_path+0x25/0x25

To address this, add the check of 'buffer_mapped(bh)' to
__sync_dirty_buffer().  This also has the benefit of fixing this for
other file systems.

With this addition, we can drop the workaround in ext4_commit_supper().

[ Commit description rewritten by tytso. ]

Signed-off-by: Xianting Tian <xianting_tian@....com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/1596211825-8750-1-git-send-email-xianting_tian@126.com
Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@...nel.org>
---
 fs/buffer.c     | 9 +++++++++
 fs/ext4/super.c | 7 -------
 2 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/buffer.c b/fs/buffer.c
index a89be9741d125..52f1a60417d1d 100644
--- a/fs/buffer.c
+++ b/fs/buffer.c
@@ -3203,6 +3203,15 @@ int __sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags)
 	WARN_ON(atomic_read(&bh->b_count) < 1);
 	lock_buffer(bh);
 	if (test_clear_buffer_dirty(bh)) {
+		/*
+		 * The bh should be mapped, but it might not be if the
+		 * device was hot-removed. Not much we can do but fail the I/O.
+		 */
+		if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) {
+			unlock_buffer(bh);
+			return -EIO;
+		}
+
 		get_bh(bh);
 		bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_write_sync;
 		ret = submit_bh(REQ_OP_WRITE, op_flags, bh);
diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
index 370e4273042c5..472fa29c6f604 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/super.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
@@ -4680,13 +4680,6 @@ static int ext4_commit_super(struct super_block *sb, int sync)
 	if (!sbh || block_device_ejected(sb))
 		return error;
 
-	/*
-	 * The superblock bh should be mapped, but it might not be if the
-	 * device was hot-removed. Not much we can do but fail the I/O.
-	 */
-	if (!buffer_mapped(sbh))
-		return error;
-
 	/*
 	 * If the file system is mounted read-only, don't update the
 	 * superblock write time.  This avoids updating the superblock
-- 
2.25.1

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