lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Tue, 24 Nov 2020 12:19:12 +0000
From:   Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>
To:     Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>
Cc:     Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>,
        syzbot <syzbot+3622cea378100f45d59f@...kaller.appspotmail.com>,
        Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@...ger.ca>,
        Ext4 Developers List <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        syzkaller-bugs <syzkaller-bugs@...glegroups.com>,
        Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>, Linux-MM <linux-mm@...ck.org>,
        Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@...temov.name>,
        Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@...il.com>,
        Alex Shi <alex.shi@...ux.alibaba.com>, Qian Cai <cai@....pw>,
        Christoph Hellwig <hch@...radead.org>,
        "Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@...cle.com>,
        William Kucharski <william.kucharski@...cle.com>,
        Jens Axboe <axboe@...nel.dk>, linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-xfs@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: kernel BUG at fs/ext4/inode.c:LINE!

On Mon, Nov 23, 2020 at 08:07:24PM -0800, Hugh Dickins wrote:
> Twice now, when exercising ext4 looped on shmem huge pages, I have crashed
> on the PF_ONLY_HEAD check inside PageWaiters(): ext4_finish_bio() calling
> end_page_writeback() calling wake_up_page() on tail of a shmem huge page,
> no longer an ext4 page at all.
> 
> The problem is that PageWriteback is not accompanied by a page reference
> (as the NOTE at the end of test_clear_page_writeback() acknowledges): as
> soon as TestClearPageWriteback has been done, that page could be removed
> from page cache, freed, and reused for something else by the time that
> wake_up_page() is reached.
> 
> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20200827122019.GC14765@casper.infradead.org/
> Matthew Wilcox suggested avoiding or weakening the PageWaiters() tail
> check; but I'm paranoid about even looking at an unreferenced struct page,
> lest its memory might itself have already been reused or hotremoved (and
> wake_up_page_bit() may modify that memory with its ClearPageWaiters()).
> 
> Then on crashing a second time, realized there's a stronger reason against
> that approach.  If my testing just occasionally crashes on that check,
> when the page is reused for part of a compound page, wouldn't it be much
> more common for the page to get reused as an order-0 page before reaching
> wake_up_page()?  And on rare occasions, might that reused page already be
> marked PageWriteback by its new user, and already be waited upon?  What
> would that look like?
> 
> It would look like BUG_ON(PageWriteback) after wait_on_page_writeback()
> in write_cache_pages() (though I have never seen that crash myself).

I don't think this is it.  write_cache_pages() holds a reference to the
page -- indeed, it holds the page lock!  So this particular race cannot
cause the page to get recycled.  I still have no good ideas what this
is :-(

Powered by blists - more mailing lists