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Date:   Wed, 5 May 2021 14:31:31 -0700
From:   "Darrick J. Wong" <djwong@...nel.org>
To:     harshad shirwadkar <harshadshirwadkar@...il.com>
Cc:     Leah Rumancik <leah.rumancik@...il.com>,
        Ext4 Developers List <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>,
        "Theodore Y. Ts'o" <tytso@....edu>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 2/3] ext4: add ioctl EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT

On Wed, May 05, 2021 at 09:55:04AM -0700, harshad shirwadkar wrote:
> Hi Leah,
> 
> Thanks for the patch. The patch mostly looks good. But, I noticed that
> this patch doesn't apply on Ext4 dev tree. Could you please rebase it
> on the dev tree? Other than that, I have left some minor comments
> below:
> 
> On Tue, May 4, 2021 at 9:39 AM Leah Rumancik <leah.rumancik@...il.com> wrote:
> >
> > ioctl EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT checkpoints and flushes the journal. This
> > includes forcing all the transactions to the log, checkpointing the
> > transactions, and flushing the log to disk. This ioctl takes u64 "flags"
> > as an argument. With the EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT_FLAG_DISCARD flag set, the
> > journal blocks are also discarded.
> >
> > Systems that wish to achieve content deletion SLO can set up a daemon
> > that calls this ioctl at a regular interval such that it matches with the
> > SLO requirement. Thus, with this patch, the ext4_dir_entry2 wipeout
> > patch[1], and the Ext4 "-o discard" mount option set, Ext4 can now
> > guarantee that all data will be erased and discarded on deletion. Note
> > that this ioctl won't write zeros if the device doesn't support discards.
> >
> > The __jbd2_journal_issue_discard function could also be used to discard the
> > journal (if discard is supported) during journal load after recovery. This
> > would provide a potential solution to a journal replay bug reported earlier
> > this year[2] for block devices that support discard. After a successful
> > journal recovery, e2fsck can call this ioctl to discard the journal as
> > well.
> >
> > [1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-ext4/YIHknqxngB1sUdie@mit.edu/
> > [2] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-ext4/YDZoaacIYStFQT8g@mit.edu/
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Leah Rumancik <leah.rumancik@...il.com>
> > ---
> >  fs/ext4/ext4.h    |  4 +++
> >  fs/ext4/ioctl.c   | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  fs/jbd2/journal.c | 79 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  3 files changed, 121 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> > index 18f021c988a1..2fe8565706fc 100644
> > --- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> > +++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> > @@ -715,6 +715,7 @@ enum {
> >  #define EXT4_IOC_CLEAR_ES_CACHE                _IO('f', 40)
> >  #define EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE              _IOW('f', 41, __u32)
> >  #define EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE          _IOWR('f', 42, struct fiemap)
> > +#define EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT            _IOW('f', 43, __u64)
> >
> >  #define EXT4_IOC_SHUTDOWN _IOR ('X', 125, __u32)
> >
> > @@ -736,6 +737,9 @@ enum {
> >  #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_NEWENTRY       0x00000004
> >  #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE 0x00000008
> >
> > +/* flag to enable discarding journal blocks through ioctl EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT */
> > +#define EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT_FLAG_DISCARD       1
> > +
> >  #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT)
> >  /*
> >   * ioctl commands in 32 bit emulation
> > diff --git a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> > index ef809feb7e77..839ffd067357 100644
> > --- a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> > +++ b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> > @@ -794,6 +794,40 @@ static int ext4_ioctl_get_es_cache(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
> >         return error;
> >  }
> >
> > +static int ext4_ioctl_checkpoint(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
> > +{
> > +       int err = 0;
> > +       unsigned long long flags = 0;
> > +       struct super_block *sb = file_inode(filp)->i_sb;
> > +
> > +       if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
> > +               return -EPERM;
> > +
> > +       /* file argument is not the mount point */
> > +       if (file_dentry(filp) != sb->s_root)
> > +               return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +       /* filesystem is not backed by block device */
> > +       if (sb->s_bdev == NULL)
> > +               return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +       if (copy_from_user(&flags, (__u64 __user *)arg,
> > +                               sizeof(__u64)))
> > +               return -EFAULT;
> > +
> > +       /* flags can only be 0 or EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT_FLAG_DISCARD */
> > +       if (flags & ~EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT_FLAG_DISCARD)
> > +               return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +       if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal) {
> > +               jbd2_journal_lock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
> > +               err = jbd2_journal_flush(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal,
> > +                       flags & EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT_FLAG_DISCARD);
> > +               jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
> > +       }
> It seems like you are returning 0 if no journal is found? Is that
> intentional? I think returning -EINVAL would be better. Also while

Be careful about using EINVAL -- many ioctls have the convention of
using EINVAL to discover that a flag bit isn't supported.  ENODEV
perhaps, since there's no logging device ;) ?

> we're at it, arranging this if condition as follows might slightly
> better:
> 
> if (!EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal))
>    return -EINVAL;
> 
> jbd2_journal_lock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
> err = jbd2_journal_flush(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal,
>              flags & EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT_FLAG_DISCARD);
> jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
> return err;
> >  static long __ext4_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> >  {
> >         struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
> > @@ -1205,6 +1239,9 @@ static long __ext4_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> >                 return fsverity_ioctl_read_metadata(filp,
> >                                                     (const void __user *)arg);
> >
> > +       case EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT:
> > +               return ext4_ioctl_checkpoint(filp, arg);
> > +
> >         default:
> >                 return -ENOTTY;
> >         }
> > @@ -1285,6 +1322,7 @@ long ext4_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> >         case EXT4_IOC_CLEAR_ES_CACHE:
> >         case EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE:
> >         case EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE:
> > +       case EXT4_IOC_CHECKPOINT:
> FYI, this hunk fails to apply.
> >                 break;
> >         default:
> >                 return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
> > diff --git a/fs/jbd2/journal.c b/fs/jbd2/journal.c
> > index 4b7953934c82..ce33e4817aab 100644
> > --- a/fs/jbd2/journal.c
> > +++ b/fs/jbd2/journal.c
> > @@ -1686,6 +1686,80 @@ static void jbd2_mark_journal_empty(journal_t *journal, int write_op)
> >         write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
> >  }
> >
> > +/* discard journal blocks excluding journal superblock */
> > +static int __jbd2_journal_issue_discard(journal_t *journal)
> > +{
> > +       int err = 0;
> > +       unsigned long block, log_offset; /* logical */
> > +       unsigned long long phys_block, block_start, block_stop; /* physical */
> > +       loff_t byte_start, byte_stop, byte_count;
> > +       struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(journal->j_dev);
> > +
> > +       if (!q)
> > +               return -ENXIO;
> > +
> > +       if (!blk_queue_discard(q))
> > +               return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> > +
> > +       /* lookup block mapping and issue discard for each contiguous region */
> > +       log_offset = be32_to_cpu(journal->j_superblock->s_first);
> > +
> > +       err = jbd2_journal_bmap(journal, log_offset, &block_start);
> > +       if (err) {
> > +               printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: bad block at offset %lu", log_offset);
> > +               return err;
> > +       }
> > +
> > +       /*
> > +        * use block_start - 1 to meet check for contiguous with previous region:
> > +        * phys_block == block_stop + 1
> > +        */
> > +       block_stop = block_start - 1;
> > +
> > +       for (block = log_offset; block < journal->j_total_len; block++) {
> > +               err = jbd2_journal_bmap(journal, block, &phys_block);
> > +               if (err) {
> > +                       printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: bad block at offset %lu", block);
> > +                       return err;
> > +               }
> > +
> > +               if (block == journal->j_total_len - 1)
> > +                       block_stop = phys_block;
> (nit) Given that else if is a multi-line block, can you also added
> braces for the if condition (like in else if)?
> > +               else if (phys_block == block_stop + 1) {
> > +                       block_stop++;
> > +                       continue;
> > +               }
> > +
> > +               /*
> > +                * not contiguous with prior physical block or this is last
> > +                * block of journal, take care of the region
> > +                */
> > +               byte_start = block_start * journal->j_blocksize;
> > +               byte_stop = block_stop * journal->j_blocksize;
> > +               byte_count = (block_stop - block_start + 1) *
> > +                       journal->j_blocksize;
> > +
> > +               truncate_inode_pages_range(journal->j_dev->bd_inode->i_mapping,
> > +                       byte_start, byte_stop);
> > +
> > +               err = blkdev_issue_discard(journal->j_dev,
> > +                       byte_start >> SECTOR_SHIFT,
> > +                       byte_count >> SECTOR_SHIFT,
> > +                       GFP_NOFS, 0);
> > +
> > +               if (unlikely(err != 0)) {
> > +                       printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: unable to discard "
> > +                               "journal at physical blocks %llu - %llu",
> > +                               block_start, block_stop);
> I think it will be good to print the err received as well.

Agreed.

--D

> Thanks,
> Harshad
> > +                       return err;
> > +               }
> > +
> > +               block_start = phys_block;
> > +               block_stop = phys_block;
> > +       }
> > +
> > +       return blkdev_issue_flush(journal->j_dev);
> > +}
> >
> >  /**
> >   * jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno() - Update error in the journal.
> > @@ -2246,6 +2320,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_clear_features);
> >  /**
> >   * jbd2_journal_flush() - Flush journal
> >   * @journal: Journal to act on.
> > + * @discard: discard the journal blocks
> >   *
> >   * Flush all data for a given journal to disk and empty the journal.
> >   * Filesystems can use this when remounting readonly to ensure that
> > @@ -2305,6 +2380,10 @@ int jbd2_journal_flush(journal_t *journal, bool discard)
> >          * commits of data to the journal will restore the current
> >          * s_start value. */
> >         jbd2_mark_journal_empty(journal, REQ_SYNC | REQ_FUA);
> > +
> > +       if (discard)
> > +               err = __jbd2_journal_issue_discard(journal);
> > +
> >         mutex_unlock(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex);
> >         write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
> >         J_ASSERT(!journal->j_running_transaction);
> > --
> > 2.31.1.527.g47e6f16901-goog
> >

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