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Date:   Mon, 07 Jun 2021 16:03:57 +0000
From:   bugzilla-daemon@...zilla.kernel.org
To:     linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [Bug 213357] New: chattr +e writes invalid checksum to extent block

https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=213357

            Bug ID: 213357
           Summary: chattr +e writes invalid checksum to extent block
           Product: File System
           Version: 2.5
    Kernel Version: 5.13.0-rc4
          Hardware: All
                OS: Linux
              Tree: Mainline
            Status: NEW
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P1
         Component: ext4
          Assignee: fs_ext4@...nel-bugs.osdl.org
          Reporter: jeroen@...ffelaar.nl
        Regression: No

Created attachment 297207
  --> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/attachment.cgi?id=297207&action=edit
Reproduction script

Overview:

Converting a file previously using (ext2/3) blocklists to ext4 extents using
chattr +e makes the kernel write an invalid checksum to the extent block (if
one needs to be written because of the metadata_csum feature & there being more
than 4 extents). Because of inode caching, this won't be obvious until the
inode has has been evicted from the cache, or the filesystem is remounted. The
checksum errors are trivially correctable using e2fsck.

Reproduction:

In short:

* Create a large enough file on an ext3 filesystem to have it 5+ discontinuous
ranges of blocks
* Add 'extent' and 'metadata_csum' feature to the filesystem
* chattr +e the file
* Reload the filesystem/clear inode cache

See repro.sh for full steps.

Observe:

* Reading the file gives I/O errors (EXT4-fs error: ext4_find_extent:885: inode
#12: comm cat: pblk 17591 bad header/extent: extent tree corrupted - magic
f30a, entries 6, max 340(340), depth 0(0))
* e2fsck reports checksum mismatch (ext2fs_block_iterate3: Extent block
checksum does not match extent block)

Reproduction:

Besides the system where I originally found the bug, I reproduced it with 3
Debian versions (Stretch, Buster, Bullseye rc1), and additionally Bullseye with
vanilla 5.13.0-rc4 kernel built from kernel.org source tarball: so, kernel
versions spanning 4.9 to 5.13.

The reproduction script is destructive to the provided device.

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