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Date:   Mon, 23 Aug 2021 13:46:31 +0800
From:   JeffleXu <jefflexu@...ux.alibaba.com>
To:     Eric Whitney <enwlinux@...il.com>,
        Joseph Qi <joseph.qi@...ux.alibaba.com>
Cc:     tytso@....edu, adilger.kernel@...ger.ca, linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ext4: fix reserved space counter leakage



On 8/23/21 5:52 AM, Eric Whitney wrote:
> * Joseph Qi <joseph.qi@...ux.alibaba.com>:
>>
>>
>> On 8/22/21 9:06 PM, Joseph Qi wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>> On 8/21/21 12:45 AM, Eric Whitney wrote:
>>>> * Jeffle Xu <jefflexu@...ux.alibaba.com>:
>>>>> When ext4_es_insert_delayed_block() returns error, e.g., ENOMEM,
>>>>> previously reserved space is not released as the error handling,
>>>>> in which case @s_dirtyclusters_counter is left over. Since this delayed
>>>>> extent failes to be inserted into extent status tree, when inode is
>>>>> written back, the extra @s_dirtyclusters_counter won't be subtracted and
>>>>> remains there forever.
>>>>>
>>>>> This can leads to /sys/fs/ext4/<dev>/delayed_allocation_blocks remains
>>>>> non-zero even when syncfs is executed on the filesystem.
>>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Hi:
>>>>
>>>> I think the fix below looks fine.  However, this comment doesn't look right
>>>> to me.  Are you really seeing delayed_allocation_blocks values that remain
>>>> incorrectly elevated across last closes (or across file system unmounts and
>>>> remounts)?  s_dirtyclusters_counter isn't written out to stable storage -
>>>> it's an in-memory only variable that's created when a file is first opened
>>>> and destroyed on last close.
>>>>
>>>
>>> Actually we've encountered a real case in our production environment,
>>> which has about 20G space lost (df - du = ~20G).
>>> After some investigation, we've confirmed that it cause by leaked
>>> s_dirtyclusters_counter (~5M), and even we do manually sync, it remains.
>>> Since there is no error messages, we've checked all logic around
>>> s_dirtyclusters_counter and found this. Also we can manually inject
>>> error and reproduce the leaked s_dirtyclusters_counter.
>>>
> 
> Sure - as I noted, the fix looks good - I agree that you could see inaccurate
> s_dirtyclusters_counter (and i_reserved_data_blocks) values.  This is a good
> catch and a good fix.  It's the comment I find misleading / inaccurate, and
> I'd like to see that improved for the sake of developers reading commit
> histories in the future.
> 
> Also, Gao Xiang's idea of checking i_reserved_data_blocks in the inode evict
> path sounds good to me - I'd considered doing that in the past but never
> actually did it.

Thanks, it will be added in v2.

> 
>>
>> BTW, it's a runtime lost, but not about on-disk.
>> If umount and then mount it again, it becomes normal. But
>> application also should be restarted...
> 
> And this is where the comment could use a little help.  "when inode is
> written back, the extra @s_dirtyclusters_counter won't be subtracted and
> remains there forever" suggests to me that s_dirtyclusters_counter is
> being persisted on stable storage.  But as you note, simply umounting and
> remounting the filesystem clears up the problem.  (And in my rush to get
> my feedback out earlier I incorrectly stated that s_dirtyclusters_counter
> would get created and destroyed on first open and last close - that's
> i_reserved_data_blocks, of course.)
> 
> So, in order to speed things along, please allow me to suggest some edits
> for the commit comment:
> 
> When ext4_insert_delayed block receives and recovers from an error from
> ext4_es_insert_delayed_block(), e.g., ENOMEM, it does not release the
> space it has reserved for that block insertion as it should.  One effect
> of this bug is that s_dirtyclusters_counter is not decremented and remains
> incorrectly elevated until the file system has been unmounted.  This can
> result in premature ENOSPC returns and apparent loss of free space.
> 
> Another effect of this bug is that /sys/fs/ext4/<dev>/delayed_allocation_blocks
> can remain non-zero even after syncfs has been executed on the filesystem.
> 
> Does that sound right?

Thanks, I will update the commit log in v2.

-- 
Thanks,
Jeffle

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