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Date:   Wed, 25 Aug 2021 22:45:37 +0300
From:   Amir Goldstein <amir73il@...il.com>
To:     Gabriel Krisman Bertazi <krisman@...labora.com>
Cc:     Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>, Linux API <linux-api@...r.kernel.org>,
        Ext4 <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-fsdevel <linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Khazhismel Kumykov <khazhy@...gle.com>,
        David Howells <dhowells@...hat.com>,
        Dave Chinner <david@...morbit.com>,
        Theodore Tso <tytso@....edu>,
        "Darrick J. Wong" <djwong@...nel.org>,
        Matthew Bobrowski <repnop@...gle.com>, kernel@...labora.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v6 09/21] fsnotify: Allow events reported with an empty inode

On Wed, Aug 25, 2021 at 9:40 PM Gabriel Krisman Bertazi
<krisman@...labora.com> wrote:
>
> Amir Goldstein <amir73il@...il.com> writes:
>
> > On Fri, Aug 13, 2021 at 12:41 AM Gabriel Krisman Bertazi
> > <krisman@...labora.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> Some file system events (i.e. FS_ERROR) might not be associated with an
> >> inode.  For these, it makes sense to associate them directly with the
> >> super block of the file system they apply to.  This patch allows the
> >> event to be reported with a NULL inode, by recovering the superblock
> >> directly from the data field, if needed.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Gabriel Krisman Bertazi <krisman@...labora.com>
> >>
> >> --
> >> Changes since v5:
> >>   - add fsnotify_data_sb handle to retrieve sb from the data field. (jan)
> >> ---
> >>  fs/notify/fsnotify.c | 16 +++++++++++++---
> >>  1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/fs/notify/fsnotify.c b/fs/notify/fsnotify.c
> >> index 30d422b8c0fc..536db02cb26e 100644
> >> --- a/fs/notify/fsnotify.c
> >> +++ b/fs/notify/fsnotify.c
> >> @@ -98,6 +98,14 @@ void fsnotify_sb_delete(struct super_block *sb)
> >>         fsnotify_clear_marks_by_sb(sb);
> >>  }
> >>
> >> +static struct super_block *fsnotify_data_sb(const void *data, int data_type)
> >> +{
> >> +       struct inode *inode = fsnotify_data_inode(data, data_type);
> >> +       struct super_block *sb = inode ? inode->i_sb : NULL;
> >> +
> >> +       return sb;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >>  /*
> >>   * Given an inode, first check if we care what happens to our children.  Inotify
> >>   * and dnotify both tell their parents about events.  If we care about any event
> >> @@ -455,8 +463,10 @@ static void fsnotify_iter_next(struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info)
> >>   *             @file_name is relative to
> >>   * @file_name: optional file name associated with event
> >>   * @inode:     optional inode associated with event -
> >> - *             either @dir or @inode must be non-NULL.
> >> - *             if both are non-NULL event may be reported to both.
> >> + *             If @dir and @inode are NULL, @data must have a type that
> >> + *             allows retrieving the file system associated with this
> >
> > Irrelevant comment. sb must always be available from @data.
> >
> >> + *             event.  if both are non-NULL event may be reported to
> >> + *             both.
> >>   * @cookie:    inotify rename cookie
> >>   */
> >>  int fsnotify(__u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type, struct inode *dir,
> >> @@ -483,7 +493,7 @@ int fsnotify(__u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type, struct inode *dir,
> >>                  */
> >>                 parent = dir;
> >>         }
> >> -       sb = inode->i_sb;
> >> +       sb = inode ? inode->i_sb : fsnotify_data_sb(data, data_type);
> >
> >         const struct path *path = fsnotify_data_path(data, data_type);
> > +       const struct super_block *sb = fsnotify_data_sb(data, data_type);
> >
> > All the games with @data @inode and @dir args are irrelevant to this.
> > sb should always be available from @data and it does not matter
> > if fsnotify_data_inode() is the same as @inode, @dir or neither.
> > All those inodes are anyway on the same sb.
>
> Hi Amir,
>
> I think this is actually necessary.  I could identify at least one event
> (FS_CREATE | FS_ISDIR) where fsnotify is invoked with a NULL data field.
> In that case, fsnotify_dirent is called with a negative dentry from
> vfs_mkdir().  I'm not sure why exactly the dentry is negative after the

That doesn't sound right at all.
Are you sure about this?
Which filesystem was this mkdir called on?

> mkdir, but it would be possible we are racing with the file removal, I

No. Both vfs_mkdir() and vfs_rmdir() hold the dir inode lock (on parent).

> guess?  It might be a bug in fsnotify that this case even happen, but
> I'm not sure yet.

fsnotify_data_inode() should not be NULL.
fsnotify_handle_inode_event() passes fsnotify_data_inode() to
callbacks like audit_watch_handle_event() that checks
WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode)

>
> The easiest way around it is what I proposed: just use inode->i_sb if
> data is NULL.  Since, as you said, data, inode and dir are all on the
> same superblock, it should work, I think.
>

It would be papering over another issue.
I don't mind if we use inode->i_sb as long as we understand the reason
for what you are reporting.

Please provide more information.

Thanks,
Amir.

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