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Date:   Fri, 24 Sep 2021 17:39:17 +0800
From:   yangerkun <>
To:     <>, <>
CC:     <>, <>,
Subject: [PATCH v3] ext4: flush s_error_work before journal destroy in ext4_fill_super

The error path in ext4_fill_super forget to flush s_error_work before
journal destroy, and it may trigger the follow bug since
flush_stashed_error_work can run concurrently with journal destroy
without any protection for sbi->s_journal.

[32031.740193] EXT4-fs (loop66): get root inode failed
[32031.740484] EXT4-fs (loop66): mount failed
[32031.759805] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[32031.759807] kernel BUG at fs/jbd2/transaction.c:373!
[32031.760075] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
[32031.760336] CPU: 5 PID: 1029268 Comm: kworker/5:1 Kdump: loaded
[32031.765112] Call Trace:
[32031.765375]  ? __switch_to_asm+0x35/0x70
[32031.765635]  ? __switch_to_asm+0x41/0x70
[32031.765893]  ? __switch_to_asm+0x35/0x70
[32031.766148]  ? __switch_to_asm+0x41/0x70
[32031.766405]  ? _cond_resched+0x15/0x40
[32031.766665]  jbd2__journal_start+0xf1/0x1f0 [jbd2]
[32031.766934]  jbd2_journal_start+0x19/0x20 [jbd2]
[32031.767218]  flush_stashed_error_work+0x30/0x90 [ext4]
[32031.767487]  process_one_work+0x195/0x390
[32031.767747]  worker_thread+0x30/0x390
[32031.768007]  ? process_one_work+0x390/0x390
[32031.768265]  kthread+0x10d/0x130
[32031.768521]  ? kthread_flush_work_fn+0x10/0x10
[32031.768778]  ret_from_fork+0x35/0x40

static int start_this_handle(...)
    BUG_ON(journal->j_flags & JBD2_UNMOUNT); <---- Trigger this

Besides, after we enable fast commit, ext4_fc_replay can add work to
s_error_work but return success, so the latter journal destroy in
ext4_load_journal can trigger this problem too.

Fix this problem with two steps:
1. Call ext4_commit_super directly in ext4_handle_error for the case
   that called from ext4_fc_replay
2. Since it's hard to pair the init and flush for s_error_work, we'd
   better add a extras flush_work before journal destroy in

Besides, this patch will call ext4_commit_super in ext4_handle_error for
any nojournal case too. But it seems safe since the reason we call
schedule_work was that we should save error info to sb through journal
if available. Conversely, for the nojournal case, it seems useless delay
commit superblock to s_error_work.

Fixes: c92dc856848f ("ext4: defer saving error info from atomic context")
Fixes: 2d01ddc86606 ("ext4: save error info to sb through journal if available")
Signed-off-by: yangerkun <>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <>
 fs/ext4/super.c | 5 ++++-
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
index 0775950ee84e..45a3df280e23 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/super.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
@@ -658,7 +658,7 @@ static void ext4_handle_error(struct super_block *sb, bool force_ro, int error,
 		 * constraints, it may not be safe to do it right here so we
 		 * defer superblock flushing to a workqueue.
-		if (continue_fs)
+		if (continue_fs && journal)
@@ -5042,12 +5042,15 @@ static int ext4_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
 	sbi->s_ea_block_cache = NULL;
 	if (sbi->s_journal) {
+		/* flush s_error_work before journal destroy. */
+		flush_work(&sbi->s_error_work);
 		sbi->s_journal = NULL;
+	/* flush s_error_work before sbi destroy */

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