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Date:   Wed, 13 Oct 2021 09:46:46 +0800
From:   Zhengyuan Liu <>
        刘云 <>,
        Zhengyuan Liu <>
Subject: Problem with direct IO

Hi, all

we are encounting following Mysql crash problem while importing tables :

    2021-09-26T11:22:17.825250Z 0 [ERROR] [MY-013622] [InnoDB] [FATAL]
    fsync() returned EIO, aborting.
    2021-09-26T11:22:17.825315Z 0 [ERROR] [MY-013183] [InnoDB]
    Assertion failure: thread 281472996733168

At the same time , we found dmesg had following message:

    [ 4328.838972] Page cache invalidation failure on direct I/O.
    Possible data corruption due to collision with buffered I/O!
    [ 4328.850234] File: /data/mysql/data/sysbench/sbtest53.ibd PID:
    625 Comm: kworker/42:1

Firstly, we doubled Mysql has operating the file with direct IO and
buffered IO interlaced, but after some checking we found it did only
do direct IO using aio. The problem is exactly from direct-io
interface (__generic_file_write_iter) itself.

ssize_t __generic_file_write_iter()
        if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) {
                loff_t pos, endbyte;

                written = generic_file_direct_write(iocb, from);
                 * If the write stopped short of completing, fall back to
                 * buffered writes.  Some filesystems do this for writes to
                 * holes, for example.  For DAX files, a buffered write will
                 * not succeed (even if it did, DAX does not handle dirty
                 * page-cache pages correctly).
                if (written < 0 || !iov_iter_count(from) || IS_DAX(inode))
                        goto out;

                status = generic_perform_write(file, from, pos = iocb->ki_pos);

>From above code snippet we can see that direct io could fall back to
buffered IO under certain conditions, so even Mysql only did direct IO
it could interleave with buffered IO when fall back occurred. I have
no idea why FS(ext3) failed the direct IO currently, but it is strange
__generic_file_write_iter make direct IO fall back to buffered IO, it
seems  breaking the semantics of direct IO.

The reproduced  environment is:
Platform:  Kunpeng 920 (arm64)
Kernel: V5.15-rc
Mysql:  V8.0
Innodb_page_size: default(16K)


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