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Date:   Fri, 11 Feb 2022 17:15:25 +0100
From:   David Hildenbrand <>
To:     Alex Sierra <>,,,,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH v6 01/10] mm: add zone device coherent type memory support

On 01.02.22 16:48, Alex Sierra wrote:
> Device memory that is cache coherent from device and CPU point of view.
> This is used on platforms that have an advanced system bus (like CAPI
> or CXL). Any page of a process can be migrated to such memory. However,
> no one should be allowed to pin such memory so that it can always be
> evicted.
> Signed-off-by: Alex Sierra <>
> Acked-by: Felix Kuehling <>
> Reviewed-by: Alistair Popple <>

So, I'm currently messing with PageAnon() pages and CoW semantics ...
all these PageAnon() ZONE_DEVICE variants don't necessarily make my life
easier but I'm not sure yet if they make my life harder. I hope you can
help me understand some of that stuff.

1) What are expected CoW semantics for DEVICE_COHERENT?

I assume we'll share them just like other PageAnon() pages during fork()
readable, and the first sharer writing to them receives an "ordinary"

So this would be just like DEVICE_EXCLUSIVE CoW handling I assume, just
that we don't have to go through the loop of restoring a device
exclusive entry?

2) How are these pages freed to clear/invalidate PageAnon() ?

I assume for PageAnon() ZONE_DEVICE pages we'll always for via
free_devmap_managed_page(), correct?


While you write "no one should be allowed to pin such memory", patch #2
only blocks FOLL_LONGTERM. So I assume we allow ordinary FOLL_PIN and
you might want to be a bit more precise?

... I'm pretty sure we cannot FOLL_PIN DEVICE_PRIVATE pages, but can we
FILL_PIN DEVICE_EXCLUSIVE pages? I strongly assume so?

Thanks for any information.


David / dhildenb

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