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Date:   Wed, 17 Aug 2022 21:27:01 +0800
From:   Baokun Li <libaokun1@...wei.com>
To:     <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>
CC:     <tytso@....edu>, <adilger.kernel@...ger.ca>, <jack@...e.cz>,
        <ritesh.list@...il.com>, <lczerner@...hat.com>,
        <enwlinux@...il.com>, <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        <yi.zhang@...wei.com>, <yebin10@...wei.com>, <yukuai3@...wei.com>,
        <libaokun1@...wei.com>
Subject: [PATCH 2/2] ext4: add inode table check in __ext4_get_inode_loc to aovid possible infinite loop

In do_writepages, if the value returned by ext4_writepages is "-ENOMEM"
and "wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL", retry until the condition is not met.

In __ext4_get_inode_loc, if the bh returned by sb_getblk is NULL,
the function returns -ENOMEM.

In __getblk_slow, if the return value of grow_buffers is less than 0,
the function returns NULL.

When the three processes are connected in series like the following stack,
an infinite loop may occur:

do_writepages					<--- keep retrying
 ext4_writepages
  mpage_map_and_submit_extent
   mpage_map_one_extent
    ext4_map_blocks
     ext4_ext_map_blocks
      ext4_ext_handle_unwritten_extents
       ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized
        ext4_split_extent
         ext4_split_extent_at
          __ext4_ext_dirty
           __ext4_mark_inode_dirty
            ext4_reserve_inode_write
             ext4_get_inode_loc
              __ext4_get_inode_loc		<--- return -ENOMEM
               sb_getblk
                __getblk_gfp
                 __getblk_slow			<--- return NULL
                  grow_buffers
                   grow_dev_page		<--- return -ENXIO
                    ret = (block < end_block) ? 1 : -ENXIO;

In this issue, bg_inode_table_hi is overwritten as an incorrect value.
As a result, `block < end_block` cannot be met in grow_dev_page.
Therefore, __ext4_get_inode_loc always returns '-ENOMEM' and do_writepages
keeps retrying. As a result, the writeback process is in the D state due
to an infinite loop.

Add a check on inode table block in the __ext4_get_inode_loc function by
referring to ext4_read_inode_bitmap to avoid this infinite loop.

Signed-off-by: Baokun Li <libaokun1@...wei.com>
---
 fs/ext4/inode.c | 10 +++++++++-
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
index 601214453c3a..5e171879fa23 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -4466,9 +4466,17 @@ static int __ext4_get_inode_loc(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino,
 	inodes_per_block = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_inodes_per_block;
 	inode_offset = ((ino - 1) %
 			EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb));
-	block = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp) + (inode_offset / inodes_per_block);
 	iloc->offset = (inode_offset % inodes_per_block) * EXT4_INODE_SIZE(sb);
 
+	block = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp);
+	if ((block <= le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block)) ||
+	    (block >= ext4_blocks_count(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es))) {
+		ext4_error(sb, "Invalid inode table block %llu in "
+			   "block_group %u", block, iloc->block_group);
+		return -EFSCORRUPTED;
+	}
+	block += (inode_offset / inodes_per_block);
+
 	bh = sb_getblk(sb, block);
 	if (unlikely(!bh))
 		return -ENOMEM;
-- 
2.31.1

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