lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  linux-cve-announce  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Wed, 15 Feb 2023 16:26:39 +0000
From:   Tudor Ambarus <tudor.ambarus@...aro.org>
To:     Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>, Jun Nie <jun.nie@...aro.org>
Cc:     "Darrick J. Wong" <djwong@...nel.org>, adilger.kernel@...ger.ca,
        linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Lee Jones <joneslee@...gle.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ext4: reject 1k block fs on the first block of disk



On 2/15/23 11:53, Tudor Ambarus wrote:
> 
> 
> On 2/15/23 11:46, Tudor Ambarus wrote:
>> Hi, Ted!
>>
>> On 2/15/23 04:32, Theodore Ts'o wrote:
>>> On Wed, Jan 04, 2023 at 09:58:03AM +0800, Jun Nie wrote:
>>>> Darrick J. Wong <djwong@...nel.org> 于2023年1月4日周三 03:17写道:
>>>>>
>>>>> On Thu, Dec 29, 2022 at 09:45:02AM +0800, Jun Nie wrote:
>>>>>> For 1k-block filesystems, the filesystem starts at block 1, not 
>>>>>> block 0.
>>>>>> If start_fsb is 0, it will be bump up to s_first_data_block. Then
>>>>>> ext4_get_group_no_and_offset don't know what to do and return garbage
>>>>>> results (blockgroup 2^32-1). The underflow make index
>>>>>> exceed es->s_groups_count in ext4_get_group_info() and trigger the 
>>>>>> BUG_ON.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Fixes: 4a4956249dac0 ("ext4: fix off-by-one fsmap error on 1k 
>>>>>> block filesystems")
>>>>>> Link: 
>>>>>> https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?id=79d5768e9bfe362911ac1a5057a36fc6b5c30002
>>>>>> Reported-by: syzbot+6be2b977c89f79b6b153@...kaller.appspotmail.com
>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Jun Nie <jun.nie@...aro.org>
>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>   fs/ext4/fsmap.c | 6 ++++++
>>>>>>   1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)
>>>>>>
>>>>>> diff --git a/fs/ext4/fsmap.c b/fs/ext4/fsmap.c
>>>>>> index 4493ef0c715e..1aef127b0634 100644
>>>>>> --- a/fs/ext4/fsmap.c
>>>>>> +++ b/fs/ext4/fsmap.c
>>>>>> @@ -702,6 +702,12 @@ int ext4_getfsmap(struct super_block *sb, 
>>>>>> struct ext4_fsmap_head *head,
>>>>>>                if (handlers[i].gfd_dev > 
>>>>>> head->fmh_keys[0].fmr_device)
>>>>>>                        memset(&dkeys[0], 0, sizeof(struct 
>>>>>> ext4_fsmap));
>>>>>>
>>>>>> +             /*
>>>>>> +              * Re-check the range after above limit operation 
>>>>>> and reject
>>>>>> +              * 1K fs on block 0 as fs should start block 1. */
>>>>>> +             if (dkeys[0].fmr_physical ==0 && 
>>>>>> dkeys[1].fmr_physical == 0)
>>>>>> +                     continue;
>>>>>
>>>>> ...and if this filesystem has 4k blocks, and therefore *does* define a
>>>>> block 0?
>>>>
>>>> Yes, this is a real corner case test :-)
>>>
>>> So I'm really nervous about this change.  I don't understand the code;
>>> and I don't understand how the reproducer works.  I can certainly
>>> reproduce it using the reproducer found here[1], but it seems to
>>> require running multiple processes all creating loop devices and then
>>> running FS_IOC_GETMAP.
>>>
>>> [1] 
>>> https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?id=79d5768e9bfe362911ac1a5057a36fc6b5c30002
>>>
>>> If I change the reproducer to just run the execute_one() once, it
>>> doesn't trigger the bug.  It seems to only trigger when you have
>>> multiple processes all racing to create a loop device, mount the file
>>> system, try running FS_IOC_GETMAP --- and then delete the loop device
>>> without actually unmounting the file system.  Which is **weird***.
>>>
>>> I've tried taking the image, and just running "xfs_io -c fsmap /mnt",
>>> and that doesn't trigger it either.
>>>
>>> And I don't understand the reply to Darrick's question about why it's
>>> safe to add the check since for 4k block file systems, block 0 *is*
>>> valid.
>>>
>>> So if someone can explain to me what is going on here with this code
>>> (there are too many abstractions and what's going on with keys is just
>>> making my head hurt), *and* what the change actually does, and how to
>>> reproduce the problem with a ***simple*** reproducer -- the syzbot
>>> mess doesn't count, that would be great.  But applying a change that I
>>> don't understand to code I don't understand, to fix a reproducer which
>>> I also doesn't understand, just doesn't make me feel comfortable.
>>>
>>
>> Let me share what I understood until now. The low key is zeroed. The
>> high key is defined and uses a fmr_physical of value zero, which is
>> smaller than the first data block for the 1k-block ext4 fs (which starts
>> at offset 1024).
>>
>> -> ext4_getfsmap_datadev()
>>    keys[0].fmr_physical = 0, keys[1].fmr_physical = 0
>>    bofs = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block) = 1, eofs = 256
>>    start_fsb = keys[0].fmr_physical = 1, end_fsb = 
>> keys[1].fmr_physical = 0
>>    -> ext4_get_group_no_and_offset()
>>      blocknr = 1, le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block) =1
>>    start_ag = 0, first_cluster = 0
>>    ->
>>      blocknr = 0, le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block) =1
>>    end_ag = 4294967295, last_cluster = 8191
> 
> because of poor key validation we get a wrong end_ag which eventually
> causes the BUG_ON.
> 
>>
>>    Then there's a loop that stops when info->gfi_agno <= end_ag; that 
>> will trigger the BUG_ON in ext4_get_group_info() as the group nr 
>> exceeds EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count)
>>    -> ext4_mballoc_query_range()
>>      -> ext4_mb_load_buddy()
>>        -> ext4_mb_load_buddy_gfp()
>>          -> ext4_get_group_info()
>>
>> It's an out of bounds request and Darrick suggested to not return any
>> mapping for the byte range 0-1023 for the 1k-block filesystem. The
>> alternative would be to return -EINVAL when the high key starts at
>> fmr_phisical of value zero for the 1k-block fs.
>>
>> In order to reproduce this one would have to create an 1k-block ext4 fs
>> and to pass a high key with fmr_physical of value zero, thus I would
>> expect to reproduce it with something like this:
>> xfs_io -c 'fsmap -d 0 0' /mnt/scratch
>>
>> However when doing this I notice that in
>> xfsprogs-dev/io/fsmap.c l->fmr_device and h->fmr_device will have value
>> zero, FS_IOC_GETFSMAP is called and then we receive no entries
>> (head->fmh_entries = 0). Now I'm trying to see what I do wrong, and how
>> to reproduce the bug.
>>


What I think it happens for the reproducer that I proposed, is that when
both {l, h}->fmr_device have value zero, the code exits early before
getting the fsmap:
https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/fs/ext4/fsmap.c?h=v6.2-rc8#n691

Also, to my untrained fs eye it seems that the [-d|-l|-r] xfs_io's fsmap
options are intended only for XFS, as the {data, log, realtime} sections
are XFS specific. I wonder why "struct fs_path" from libfrog/paths.h is
not renamed to "struct xfs_path", it would have been less confusing.

It looks there's no support for xfs_io to query for a start and end
offset when asking for a fsmap on an ext4 fs. I'm checking how I can
extend the xfs_io fsmap ext4 support to validate my assumptions.

Cheers,
ta

Powered by blists - more mailing lists