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Date: Thu, 23 Nov 2023 15:17:28 +0530
From: Ritesh Harjani (IBM) <ritesh.list@...il.com>
To: Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>, Ted Tso <tytso@....edu>, linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org, syzbot+47479b71cdfc78f56d30@...kaller.appspotmail.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ext4: Fix warning in ext4_dio_write_end_io()

Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz> writes:

> On Thu 23-11-23 12:37:03, Ritesh Harjani wrote:
>> Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz> writes:
>> 
>> > The syzbot has reported that it can hit the warning in
>> > ext4_dio_write_end_io() because i_size < i_disksize. Indeed the
>> > reproducer creates a race between DIO IO completion and truncate
>> > expanding the file and thus ext4_dio_write_end_io() sees an inconsistent
>> > inode state where i_disksize is already updated but i_size is not
>> > updated yet. Since we are careful when setting up DIO write and consider
>> > it extending (and thus performing the IO synchronously with i_rwsem held
>> > exclusively) whenever it goes past either of i_size or i_disksize, we
>> > can use the same test during IO completion without risking entering
>> > ext4_handle_inode_extension() without i_rwsem held. This way we make it
>> > obvious both i_size and i_disksize are large enough when we report DIO
>> > completion without relying on unreliable WARN_ON.
>> 
>> Does it make sense to add this in ext4_handle_inode_extension()?
>> 	WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode_is_locked(inode));
>> Ohk, we already have "lockdep_assert_held_write(&inode->i_rwsem)" so
>> hopefully it can catch via lockdep.
>
> Exactly.
>  
>> So, IIUC, the WARN happened when we were doing a non-extending
>> AIO-DIO write which was racing with truncate trying to expand the file
>> size. Because only then the DIO completion will not have i_rwsem held
>> which can race with truncate. Truncate since it is expanding the file
>> size, will not use inode_dio_wait() (since no block allocations).
>> 
>> Is this understanding correct?
>
> Yes, correct.

Thanks Jan,

Also ext4_inode_extension_cleanup() function can take care of deleting
the inode from the orphan list in case if there is a race with truncate 
which extended made both i_disksize and inode->i_size and the DIO
completion couldn't call ext4_handle_inode_extension(), right?

In that case, does it make sense to update a comment here too? 

@@ -350,7 +350,10 @@ static void ext4_inode_extension_cleanup(struct inode *inode, ssize_t count)
        }
        /*
         * If i_disksize got extended due to writeback of delalloc blocks while
-        * the DIO was running we could fail to cleanup the orphan list in
+        * the DIO was running, or
+        * If i_disksize and inode->i_size both got extened during truncate
+        * which raced with DIO completion,
+        * In both such cases, we could fail to cleanup the orphan list in
         * ext4_handle_inode_extension(). Do it now.
         */
        if (!list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan) && inode->i_nlink) {


-ritesh

>
> 								Honza
>
>> 
>> >
>> > Reported-by: syzbot+47479b71cdfc78f56d30@...kaller.appspotmail.com
>> > Fixes: 91562895f803 ("ext4: properly sync file size update after O_SYNC direct IO")
>> > Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@...e.cz>
>> > ---
>> >  fs/ext4/file.c | 7 ++++---
>> >  1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>> >
>> > diff --git a/fs/ext4/file.c b/fs/ext4/file.c
>> > index 0166bb9ca160..ba497aabdd1e 100644
>> > --- a/fs/ext4/file.c
>> > +++ b/fs/ext4/file.c
>> > @@ -386,10 +386,11 @@ static int ext4_dio_write_end_io(struct kiocb *iocb, ssize_t size,
>> >  	 * blocks. But the code in ext4_iomap_alloc() is careful to use
>> >  	 * zeroed/unwritten extents if this is possible; thus we won't leave
>> >  	 * uninitialized blocks in a file even if we didn't succeed in writing
>> > -	 * as much as we intended.
>> > +	 * as much as we intended. Also we can race with truncate or write
>> > +	 * expanding the file so we have to be a bit careful here.
>> >  	 */
>> > -	WARN_ON_ONCE(i_size_read(inode) < READ_ONCE(EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize));
>> > -	if (pos + size <= READ_ONCE(EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize))
>> > +	if (pos + size <= READ_ONCE(EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) &&
>> > +	    pos + size <= i_size_read(inode))
>> >  		return size;
>> >  	return ext4_handle_inode_extension(inode, pos, size);
>> >  }
>> > -- 
>> > 2.35.3
>> 
> -- 
> Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>
> SUSE Labs, CR

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