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Date:   Wed, 10 Feb 2021 17:49:27 -0600
From:   "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>
To:     Alex Deucher <alexander.deucher@....com>,
        Christian König <christian.koenig@....com>,
        David Airlie <airlied@...ux.ie>,
        Daniel Vetter <daniel@...ll.ch>
Cc:     amd-gfx@...ts.freedesktop.org, dri-devel@...ts.freedesktop.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>,
        linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH][next] drm/radeon/nislands_smc.h: Replace one-element array
 with flexible-array member in struct NISLANDS_SMC_SWSTATE

There is a regular need in the kernel to provide a way to declare having
a dynamically sized set of trailing elements in a structure. Kernel code
should always use “flexible array members”[1] for these cases. The older
style of one-element or zero-length arrays should no longer be used[2].

Use flexible-array member in struct NISLANDS_SMC_SWSTATE, instead of
one-element array.

Also, this helps with the ongoing efforts to enable -Warray-bounds by
fixing the following warnings:

drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/ni_dpm.c: In function ‘ni_convert_power_state_to_smc’:
drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/ni_dpm.c:2521:20: warning: array subscript 1 is above array bounds of ‘NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’ {aka ‘struct NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’} [-Warray-bounds]
 2521 |   smc_state->levels[i].dpm2.MaxPS =
      |   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~
drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/ni_dpm.c:2523:20: warning: array subscript 1 is above array bounds of ‘NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’ {aka ‘struct NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’} [-Warray-bounds]
 2523 |   smc_state->levels[i].dpm2.NearTDPDec = NISLANDS_DPM2_NEAR_TDP_DEC;
      |   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~
drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/ni_dpm.c:2524:20: warning: array subscript 1 is above array bounds of ‘NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’ {aka ‘struct NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’} [-Warray-bounds]
 2524 |   smc_state->levels[i].dpm2.AboveSafeInc = NISLANDS_DPM2_ABOVE_SAFE_INC;
      |   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~
drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/ni_dpm.c:2525:20: warning: array subscript 1 is above array bounds of ‘NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’ {aka ‘struct NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’} [-Warray-bounds]
 2525 |   smc_state->levels[i].dpm2.BelowSafeInc = NISLANDS_DPM2_BELOW_SAFE_INC;
      |   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~
drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/ni_dpm.c:2526:35: warning: array subscript 1 is above array bounds of ‘NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’ {aka ‘struct NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’} [-Warray-bounds]
 2526 |   smc_state->levels[i].stateFlags |=
      |                                   ^~
drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/ni_dpm.c:2526:35: warning: array subscript 1 is above array bounds of ‘NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’ {aka ‘struct NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’} [-Warray-bounds]
 2526 |   smc_state->levels[i].stateFlags |=
      |   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~
 2527 |    ((i != (state->performance_level_count - 1)) && power_boost_limit) ?
      |    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 2528 |    PPSMC_STATEFLAG_POWERBOOST : 0;
      |    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/ni_dpm.c:2442:20: warning: array subscript 1 is above array bounds of ‘NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’ {aka ‘struct NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL[1]’} [-Warray-bounds]
 2442 |   smc_state->levels[i + 1].aT = cpu_to_be32(a_t);

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flexible_array_member
[2] https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/v5.9/process/deprecated.html#zero-length-and-one-element-arrays

Link: https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/79
Link: https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/109
Build-tested-by: kernel test robot <lkp@...el.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/6023ed54.BfIY+9Uz81I6nq19%25lkp@intel.com/
Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@...nel.org>
---
 drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/nislands_smc.h | 10 +++++-----
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/nislands_smc.h b/drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/nislands_smc.h
index 3cf8fc0d83f4..7395cb6b3cac 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/nislands_smc.h
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/radeon/nislands_smc.h
@@ -134,11 +134,11 @@ typedef struct NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEV
 
 struct NISLANDS_SMC_SWSTATE
 {
-    uint8_t                             flags;
-    uint8_t                             levelCount;
-    uint8_t                             padding2;
-    uint8_t                             padding3;
-    NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL   levels[1];
+	uint8_t                             flags;
+	uint8_t                             levelCount;
+	uint8_t                             padding2;
+	uint8_t                             padding3;
+	NISLANDS_SMC_HW_PERFORMANCE_LEVEL   levels[];
 };
 
 typedef struct NISLANDS_SMC_SWSTATE NISLANDS_SMC_SWSTATE;
-- 
2.27.0

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