lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite for Android: free password hash cracker in your pocket
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Thu, 18 Mar 2021 11:31:16 -0700
From:   Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
To:     Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@...gle.com>
Cc:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Nathan Chancellor <nathan@...nel.org>,
        Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>,
        Will Deacon <will@...nel.org>, Jessica Yu <jeyu@...nel.org>,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>, Tejun Heo <tj@...nel.org>,
        "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...nel.org>,
        Christoph Hellwig <hch@...radead.org>,
        bpf <bpf@...r.kernel.org>, linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-arch <linux-arch@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux ARM <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        Linux Kbuild mailing list <linux-kbuild@...r.kernel.org>,
        PCI <linux-pci@...r.kernel.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 09/17] lib/list_sort: fix function type mismatches

On Thu, Mar 18, 2021 at 10:11 AM Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@...gle.com> wrote:
>
> Casting the comparison function to a different type trips indirect
> call Control-Flow Integrity (CFI) checking. Remove the additional
> consts from cmp_func, and the now unneeded casts.
>
> Fixes: 043b3f7b6388 ("lib/list_sort: simplify and remove MAX_LIST_LENGTH_BITS")
> Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@...gle.com>
> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
> ---
>  lib/list_sort.c | 8 ++++----
>  1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/lib/list_sort.c b/lib/list_sort.c
> index 52f0c258c895..b14accf4ef83 100644
> --- a/lib/list_sort.c
> +++ b/lib/list_sort.c
> @@ -8,7 +8,7 @@
>  #include <linux/list.h>
>
>  typedef int __attribute__((nonnull(2,3))) (*cmp_func)(void *,
> -               struct list_head const *, struct list_head const *);
> +               struct list_head *, struct list_head *);
>
>  /*
>   * Returns a list organized in an intermediate format suited
> @@ -227,7 +227,7 @@ void list_sort(void *priv, struct list_head *head,

There's definitely some const confusion going on around here.
Comparison functions that modify their in/out parameters are a code
smell, and I wonder if any exist in tree?

I think it would be better to enforce one signature for cmp_func
throughout lib/list_sort.c and the tree, either const or not, but not
a mix of both.  I know `const` is messy because it tends to propagate
everywhere, so I don't care which is preferred (making cmp_func have
const qualified params or not, though if we're already being pedantic
about which params are non-null...), but something like this might be
nicer:

```
diff --git a/block/blk-mq-sched.c b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
index 5132f64a5cee..d475b3cfd06f 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq-sched.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
@@ -75,7 +75,8 @@ void blk_mq_sched_restart(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
        blk_mq_run_hw_queue(hctx, true);
 }

-static int sched_rq_cmp(void *priv, struct list_head *a, struct list_head *b)
+static int sched_rq_cmp(void *priv, const struct list_head *a,
+               const struct list_head *b)
 {
        struct request *rqa = container_of(a, struct request, queuelist);
        struct request *rqb = container_of(b, struct request, queuelist);
diff --git a/block/blk-mq.c b/block/blk-mq.c
index 2e825a7a3606..9ed063ffdb27 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -1905,7 +1905,8 @@ void blk_mq_insert_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx
*hctx, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx,
        spin_unlock(&ctx->lock);
 }

-static int plug_rq_cmp(void *priv, struct list_head *a, struct list_head *b)
+static int plug_rq_cmp(void *priv, const struct list_head *a,
+               const struct list_head *b)
 {
        struct request *rqa = container_of(a, struct request, queuelist);
        struct request *rqb = container_of(b, struct request, queuelist);
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_modes.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_modes.c
index 1ac67d4505e0..5a3a343499f6 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_modes.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_modes.c
@@ -1290,7 +1290,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_mode_prune_invalid);
  * Negative if @lh_a is better than @lh_b, zero if they're equivalent, or
  * positive if @lh_b is better than @lh_a.
  */
-static int drm_mode_compare(void *priv, struct list_head *lh_a,
struct list_head *lh_b)
+static int drm_mode_compare(void *priv, const struct list_head *lh_a,
+               const struct list_head *lh_b)
 {
        struct drm_display_mode *a = list_entry(lh_a, struct
drm_display_mode, head);
        struct drm_display_mode *b = list_entry(lh_b, struct
drm_display_mode, head);
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gt/intel_engine_user.c
b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gt/intel_engine_user.c
index 34e6096f196e..7586dffd27d3 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gt/intel_engine_user.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gt/intel_engine_user.c
@@ -49,7 +49,8 @@ static const u8 uabi_classes[] = {
        [VIDEO_ENHANCEMENT_CLASS] = I915_ENGINE_CLASS_VIDEO_ENHANCE,
 };

-static int engine_cmp(void *priv, struct list_head *A, struct list_head *B)
+static int engine_cmp(void *priv, const struct list_head *A,
+               const struct list_head *B)
 {
        const struct intel_engine_cs *a =
                container_of((struct rb_node *)A, typeof(*a), uabi_node);
diff --git a/fs/ext4/fsmap.c b/fs/ext4/fsmap.c
index 4c2a9fe30067..4493ef0c715e 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/fsmap.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/fsmap.c
@@ -354,8 +354,8 @@ static unsigned int ext4_getfsmap_find_sb(struct
super_block *sb,

 /* Compare two fsmap items. */
 static int ext4_getfsmap_compare(void *priv,
-                                struct list_head *a,
-                                struct list_head *b)
+                                const struct list_head *a,
+                                const struct list_head *b)
 {
        struct ext4_fsmap *fa;
        struct ext4_fsmap *fb;
diff --git a/fs/iomap/buffered-io.c b/fs/iomap/buffered-io.c
index 414769a6ad11..0129e6bab985 100644
--- a/fs/iomap/buffered-io.c
+++ b/fs/iomap/buffered-io.c
@@ -1155,7 +1155,8 @@ iomap_ioend_try_merge(struct iomap_ioend *ioend,
struct list_head *more_ioends,
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iomap_ioend_try_merge);

 static int
-iomap_ioend_compare(void *priv, struct list_head *a, struct list_head *b)
+iomap_ioend_compare(void *priv, const struct list_head *a,
+               const struct list_head *b)
 {
        struct iomap_ioend *ia = container_of(a, struct iomap_ioend, io_list);
        struct iomap_ioend *ib = container_of(b, struct iomap_ioend, io_list);
diff --git a/include/linux/list_sort.h b/include/linux/list_sort.h
index 20f178c24e9d..4fe9cb94d0d1 100644
--- a/include/linux/list_sort.h
+++ b/include/linux/list_sort.h
@@ -6,8 +6,9 @@

 struct list_head;

+typedef int __attribute__((nonnull(2,3))) (*cmp_func)(void *,
+               struct list_head const *, struct list_head const *);
+
 __attribute__((nonnull(2,3)))
-void list_sort(void *priv, struct list_head *head,
-              int (*cmp)(void *priv, struct list_head *a,
-                         struct list_head *b));
+void list_sort(void *priv, struct list_head *head, cmp_func cmp);
 #endif
diff --git a/lib/list_sort.c b/lib/list_sort.c
index 52f0c258c895..6cfac649c4a6 100644
--- a/lib/list_sort.c
+++ b/lib/list_sort.c
@@ -7,9 +7,6 @@
 #include <linux/list_sort.h>
 #include <linux/list.h>

-typedef int __attribute__((nonnull(2,3))) (*cmp_func)(void *,
-               struct list_head const *, struct list_head const *);
-
 /*
  * Returns a list organized in an intermediate format suited
  * to chaining of merge() calls: null-terminated, no reserved or
@@ -185,9 +182,7 @@ static void merge_final(void *priv, cmp_func cmp,
struct list_head *head,
  * 2^(k+1) - 1 (second merge of case 5 when x == 2^(k-1) - 1).
  */
 __attribute__((nonnull(2,3)))
-void list_sort(void *priv, struct list_head *head,
-               int (*cmp)(void *priv, struct list_head *a,
-                       struct list_head *b))
+void list_sort(void *priv, struct list_head *head, cmp_func cmp)
 {
        struct list_head *list = head->next, *pending = NULL;
        size_t count = 0;       /* Count of pending */
```
There are probably more instances in the tree to clean up, but that
compiles with x86_64 defconfig, and I'm sure it doesn't suffer the CFI
issue from the cast.

>                 if (likely(bits)) {
>                         struct list_head *a = *tail, *b = a->prev;
>
> -                       a = merge(priv, (cmp_func)cmp, b, a);
> +                       a = merge(priv, cmp, b, a);
>                         /* Install the merged result in place of the inputs */
>                         a->prev = b->prev;
>                         *tail = a;
> @@ -249,10 +249,10 @@ void list_sort(void *priv, struct list_head *head,
>
>                 if (!next)
>                         break;
> -               list = merge(priv, (cmp_func)cmp, pending, list);
> +               list = merge(priv, cmp, pending, list);
>                 pending = next;
>         }
>         /* The final merge, rebuilding prev links */
> -       merge_final(priv, (cmp_func)cmp, head, pending, list);
> +       merge_final(priv, cmp, head, pending, list);
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(list_sort);
> --
> 2.31.0.291.g576ba9dcdaf-goog
>


-- 
Thanks,
~Nick Desaulniers

Powered by blists - more mailing lists