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Date:   Sat,  5 Jun 2021 17:04:02 +0200
From:   John Wood <john.wood@....com>
To:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>, Jann Horn <jannh@...gle.com>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        James Morris <jmorris@...ei.org>,
        "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@...lyn.com>,
        Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        x86@...nel.org, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>
Cc:     John Wood <john.wood@....com>, Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>,
        valdis.kletnieks@...edu,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@...radead.org>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        linux-doc@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kselftest@...r.kernel.org, linux-arch@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org,
        kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com
Subject: [PATCH v8 5/8] security/brute: Notify to userspace "task killed"

Add a new SIGCHLD si_code to notify to userspace, using the "waitid"
system call, that a task has been killed by Brute LSM to mitigate a
brute force attack.

This is useful to supervisors in order to decide if a process that has
been killed to avoid an attack needs to be respawned. This way, it is
possible to avoid the scenario where a brute force attack can be
continued due to the respawn of a process. Although the xattr of the
executable is accessible from userspace, in complex daemons this file
may not be visible directly by the supervisor as it may be run through
some wrapper. So, the waitid notification is necessary.

To achieve this, use the task_struct security blob to hold a flag that
shows when a task has been killed by Brute LSM, and also, test this flag
in the "wait_task_zombie" and "do_notify_parent" functions.

Suggested-by: Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Wood <john.wood@....com>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c    |  2 +-
 include/brute/brute.h              | 16 ++++++++
 include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h |  3 +-
 kernel/exit.c                      |  6 ++-
 kernel/signal.c                    |  4 +-
 security/brute/brute.c             | 59 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 6 files changed, 85 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 include/brute/brute.h

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c b/arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c
index 06743ec054d2..d4656f1b6341 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ static inline void signal_compat_build_tests(void)
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGSEGV != 9);
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGBUS  != 5);
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGTRAP != 6);
-	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGCHLD != 6);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGCHLD != 7);
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGSYS  != 2);

 	/* This is part of the ABI and can never change in size: */
diff --git a/include/brute/brute.h b/include/brute/brute.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8531a7038711
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/brute/brute.h
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _BRUTE_H_
+#define _BRUTE_H_
+
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_FORK_BRUTE
+bool brute_task_killed(const struct task_struct *task);
+#else
+static inline bool brute_task_killed(const struct task_struct *task)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+#endif
+
+#endif /* _BRUTE_H_ */
diff --git a/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h b/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h
index 5a3c221f4c9d..ffc3ed2d4bce 100644
--- a/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h
+++ b/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h
@@ -274,7 +274,8 @@ typedef struct siginfo {
 #define CLD_TRAPPED	4	/* traced child has trapped */
 #define CLD_STOPPED	5	/* child has stopped */
 #define CLD_CONTINUED	6	/* stopped child has continued */
-#define NSIGCHLD	6
+#define CLD_BRUTE	7	/* child was killed by brute LSM */
+#define NSIGCHLD	7

 /*
  * SIGPOLL (or any other signal without signal specific si_codes) si_codes
diff --git a/kernel/exit.c b/kernel/exit.c
index fd1c04193e18..69bcbd00d277 100644
--- a/kernel/exit.c
+++ b/kernel/exit.c
@@ -69,6 +69,8 @@
 #include <asm/unistd.h>
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>

+#include <brute/brute.h>
+
 static void __unhash_process(struct task_struct *p, bool group_dead)
 {
 	nr_threads--;
@@ -1001,6 +1003,7 @@ static int wait_task_zombie(struct wait_opts *wo, struct task_struct *p)
 	pid_t pid = task_pid_vnr(p);
 	uid_t uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), task_uid(p));
 	struct waitid_info *infop;
+	bool killed_by_brute = brute_task_killed(p);

 	if (!likely(wo->wo_flags & WEXITED))
 		return 0;
@@ -1114,7 +1117,8 @@ static int wait_task_zombie(struct wait_opts *wo, struct task_struct *p)
 			infop->cause = CLD_EXITED;
 			infop->status = status >> 8;
 		} else {
-			infop->cause = (status & 0x80) ? CLD_DUMPED : CLD_KILLED;
+			infop->cause = (status & 0x80) ? CLD_DUMPED :
+				killed_by_brute ? CLD_BRUTE : CLD_KILLED;
 			infop->status = status & 0x7f;
 		}
 		infop->pid = pid;
diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
index 4380763b3d8d..c85c091ecc27 100644
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -55,6 +55,8 @@
 #include <asm/siginfo.h>
 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>

+#include <brute/brute.h>
+
 /*
  * SLAB caches for signal bits.
  */
@@ -2012,7 +2014,7 @@ bool do_notify_parent(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig)
 	if (tsk->exit_code & 0x80)
 		info.si_code = CLD_DUMPED;
 	else if (tsk->exit_code & 0x7f)
-		info.si_code = CLD_KILLED;
+		info.si_code = brute_task_killed(tsk) ? CLD_BRUTE : CLD_KILLED;
 	else {
 		info.si_code = CLD_EXITED;
 		info.si_status = tsk->exit_code >> 8;
diff --git a/security/brute/brute.c b/security/brute/brute.c
index 4e0fd23990c8..e5c9098addf9 100644
--- a/security/brute/brute.c
+++ b/security/brute/brute.c
@@ -56,6 +56,59 @@ struct brute_raw_stats {
 	u8 flags;
 } __packed;

+/**
+ * struct brute_task - Task info.
+ * @killed: Task killed to mitigate a brute force attack.
+ */
+struct brute_task {
+	u8 killed : 1;
+};
+
+/*
+ * brute_blob_sizes - LSM blob sizes.
+ */
+static struct lsm_blob_sizes brute_blob_sizes __lsm_ro_after_init = {
+	.lbs_task = sizeof(struct brute_task),
+};
+
+/**
+ * brute_task() - Get the task info.
+ * @task: The task to get the info.
+ *
+ * Return: A pointer to the brute_task structure.
+ */
+static inline struct brute_task *brute_task(const struct task_struct *task)
+{
+	return task->security + brute_blob_sizes.lbs_task;
+}
+
+/**
+ * brute_set_task_killed() - Set task killed to mitigate a brute force attack.
+ * @task: The task to set.
+ */
+static inline void brute_set_task_killed(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+	struct brute_task *task_info;
+
+	task_info = brute_task(task);
+	task_info->killed = true;
+}
+
+/**
+ * brute_task_killed() - Test if a task has been killed to mitigate an attack.
+ * @task: The task to test.
+ *
+ * Return: True if the task has been killed to mitigate a brute force attack.
+ *         False otherwise.
+ */
+inline bool brute_task_killed(const struct task_struct *task)
+{
+	struct brute_task *task_info;
+
+	task_info = brute_task(task);
+	return task_info->killed;
+}
+
 /**
  * brute_get_current_exe_file() - Get the current task's executable file.
  *
@@ -296,8 +349,10 @@ static void brute_kill_offending_tasks(const struct file *file)

 	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
 	for_each_process(task) {
-		if (task->group_leader == current->group_leader)
+		if (task->group_leader == current->group_leader) {
+			brute_set_task_killed(task);
 			continue;
+		}

 		exe_file = get_task_exe_file(task);
 		if (!exe_file)
@@ -311,6 +366,7 @@ static void brute_kill_offending_tasks(const struct file *file)
 		do_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_PRIV, task, PIDTYPE_PID);
 		pr_warn_ratelimited("offending process %d [%s] killed\n",
 				    task->pid, task->comm);
+		brute_set_task_killed(task);
 	}
 	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
 }
@@ -735,4 +791,5 @@ static int __init brute_init(void)
 DEFINE_LSM(brute) = {
 	.name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
 	.init = brute_init,
+	.blobs = &brute_blob_sizes,
 };
--
2.25.1

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