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Date:   Wed, 18 Aug 2021 06:17:24 +0900
From:   Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>
To:     Nathan Chancellor <nathan@...nel.org>
Cc:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
        "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>,
        Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>,
        Linux Kbuild mailing list <linux-kbuild@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        clang-built-linux <clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com>,
        linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] kbuild: Enable -Wimplicit-fallthrough for clang 14.0.0+

On Wed, Aug 18, 2021 at 3:25 AM Nathan Chancellor <nathan@...nel.org> wrote:
>
> On 8/17/2021 11:03 AM, Kees Cook wrote:
> > On Mon, Aug 16, 2021 at 09:55:28PM -0700, Nathan Chancellor wrote:
> >> If you/Gustavo would prefer, I can upgrade that check to
> >>
> >> ifneq ($(call cc-option, -Wunreachable-code-fallthrough),)
> >>
> >> I was just trying to save a call to the compiler, as that is more expensive
> >> than a shell test call.
> >
> > I prefer the option test -- this means no changes are needed on the
> > kernel build side if it ever finds itself backported to earlier versions
> > (and it handles the current case of "14" not meaning "absolute latest").
> >
> > More specifically, I think you want this (untested):
>
> That should work but since -Wunreachable-code-fallthrough is off by
> default, I did not really see a reason to include it in KBUILD_CFLAGS. I
> do not have a strong opinion though, your version is smaller than mine
> is so we can just go with that. I'll defer to Gustavo on it since he has
> put in all of the work cleaning up the warnings.



https://github.com/llvm/llvm-project/commit/9ed4a94d6451046a51ef393cd62f00710820a7e8

   did two things:

 (1) Change the -Wimplicit-fallthrough behavior so that it fits
      to our use in the kernel

 (2) Add a new option -Wunreachable-code-fallthrough
      that works like the previous -Wimplicit-fallthrough of
      Clang <= 13.0.0


They are separate things.

Checking the presence of -Wunreachable-code-fallthrough
does not make sense since we are only interested in (1) here.



So, checking the Clang version is sensible and matches
the explanation in the comment block.


Moreover, using $(shell test ...) is less expensive than cc-option.


If you want to make it even faster, you can use only
built-in functions, like this:


# Warn about unmarked fall-throughs in switch statement.
# Clang prior to 14.0.0 warned on unreachable fallthroughs with
# -Wimplicit-fallthrough, which is unacceptable due to IS_ENABLED().
# https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=51094
ifeq ($(firstword $(sort $(CONFIG_CLANG_VERSION) 140000)),140000)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wimplicit-fallthrough
endif



The $(sort ...) is alphabetical sort, not numeric sort.
It works for us because the minimum Clang version is 10.0.1
(that is CONFIG_CLANG_VERSION is always 6-digit)

It will break when Clang version 100.0.0 is released.

But, before that, we will raise the minimum supported clang version,
and this conditional will go away.




> Cheers,
> Nathan
>
> > diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
> > index b5fd51e68ae9..9845ea50a368 100644
> > --- a/Makefile
> > +++ b/Makefile
> > @@ -859,11 +859,11 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-gnu
> >   # source of a reference will be _MergedGlobals and not on of the whitelisted names.
> >   # See modpost pattern 2
> >   KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mno-global-merge
> > +# Warn about unmarked fall-throughs in switch statement only if we can also
> > +# disable the bogus unreachable code warnings.
> > +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Wimplicit-fallthrough -Wno-unreachable-code-fallthrough,)
> >   else
> > -
> >   # Warn about unmarked fall-throughs in switch statement.
> > -# Disabled for clang while comment to attribute conversion happens and
> > -# https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/636 is discussed.
> >   KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Wimplicit-fallthrough=5,)
> >   endif
> >
> >



-- 
Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada

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