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Date:   Sun, 22 Aug 2021 00:51:11 -0700
From:   Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
To:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@...ux.intel.com>,
        Rasmus Villemoes <linux@...musvillemoes.dk>,
        Daniel Micay <danielmicay@...il.com>,
        Francis Laniel <laniel_francis@...vacyrequired.com>,
        Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@....org>,
        David Gow <davidgow@...gle.com>, linux-mm@...ck.org,
        clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com, linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH for-next 14/25] lib/string: Move helper functions out of string.c

The core functions of string.c are those that may be implemented by
per-architecture functions, or overloaded by FORTIFY_SOURCE. As a
result, it needs to be built with __NO_FORTIFY. Without this, macros
will collide with function declarations. This was accidentally working
due to -ffreestanding (on some architectures). Make this deterministic
by explicitly setting __NO_FORTIFY and move all the helper functions
into string_helpers.c so that they gain the fortification coverage they
had been missing.

Acked-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@...ux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
---
 arch/arm/boot/compressed/string.c     |   1 +
 arch/s390/lib/string.c                |   3 +
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h       |   2 +
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c |   2 +
 arch/x86/lib/string_32.c              |   1 +
 lib/string.c                          | 210 +-------------------------
 lib/string_helpers.c                  | 193 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 208 insertions(+), 204 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/boot/compressed/string.c b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/string.c
index 8c0fa276d994..fcc678fce045 100644
--- a/arch/arm/boot/compressed/string.c
+++ b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/string.c
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
  * Small subset of simple string routines
  */
 
+#define __NO_FORTIFY
 #include <linux/string.h>
 
 /*
diff --git a/arch/s390/lib/string.c b/arch/s390/lib/string.c
index cfcdf76d6a95..392fb9f4f4db 100644
--- a/arch/s390/lib/string.c
+++ b/arch/s390/lib/string.c
@@ -8,6 +8,9 @@
  */
 
 #define IN_ARCH_STRING_C 1
+#ifndef __NO_FORTIFY
+# define __NO_FORTIFY
+#endif
 
 #include <linux/types.h>
 #include <linux/string.h>
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h
index 31139256859f..49bde196da9b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h
@@ -14,6 +14,8 @@
 #undef CONFIG_KASAN
 #undef CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC
 
+#define __NO_FORTIFY
+
 /* cpu_feature_enabled() cannot be used this early */
 #define USE_EARLY_PGTABLE_L5
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c
index 2a78746f5a4c..a1733319a22a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c
@@ -1,3 +1,5 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include "misc.h"
 #include <linux/efi.h>
 #include <asm/e820/types.h>
 #include <asm/processor.h>
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/string_32.c b/arch/x86/lib/string_32.c
index d15fdae9656e..53b3f202267c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/string_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/string_32.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
  * strings.
  */
 
+#define __NO_FORTIFY
 #include <linux/string.h>
 #include <linux/export.h>
 
diff --git a/lib/string.c b/lib/string.c
index 77bd0b1d3296..1e6259f263b8 100644
--- a/lib/string.c
+++ b/lib/string.c
@@ -6,20 +6,15 @@
  */
 
 /*
- * stupid library routines.. The optimized versions should generally be found
- * as inline code in <asm-xx/string.h>
+ * This file should be used only for "library" routines that may have
+ * alternative implementations on specific architectures (generally
+ * found in <asm-xx/string.h>), or get overloaded by FORTIFY_SOURCE.
+ * (Specifically, this file is built with __NO_FORTIFY.)
  *
- * These are buggy as well..
- *
- * * Fri Jun 25 1999, Ingo Oeser <ioe@...ormatik.tu-chemnitz.de>
- * -  Added strsep() which will replace strtok() soon (because strsep() is
- *    reentrant and should be faster). Use only strsep() in new code, please.
- *
- * * Sat Feb 09 2002, Jason Thomas <jason@...ic.com.au>,
- *                    Matthew Hawkins <matt@...dropbear.id.au>
- * -  Kissed strtok() goodbye
+ * Other helper functions should live in string_helpers.c.
  */
 
+#define __NO_FORTIFY
 #include <linux/types.h>
 #include <linux/string.h>
 #include <linux/ctype.h>
@@ -237,40 +232,6 @@ ssize_t strscpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t count)
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(strscpy);
 #endif
 
-/**
- * strscpy_pad() - Copy a C-string into a sized buffer
- * @dest: Where to copy the string to
- * @src: Where to copy the string from
- * @count: Size of destination buffer
- *
- * Copy the string, or as much of it as fits, into the dest buffer.  The
- * behavior is undefined if the string buffers overlap.  The destination
- * buffer is always %NUL terminated, unless it's zero-sized.
- *
- * If the source string is shorter than the destination buffer, zeros
- * the tail of the destination buffer.
- *
- * For full explanation of why you may want to consider using the
- * 'strscpy' functions please see the function docstring for strscpy().
- *
- * Returns:
- * * The number of characters copied (not including the trailing %NUL)
- * * -E2BIG if count is 0 or @src was truncated.
- */
-ssize_t strscpy_pad(char *dest, const char *src, size_t count)
-{
-	ssize_t written;
-
-	written = strscpy(dest, src, count);
-	if (written < 0 || written == count - 1)
-		return written;
-
-	memset(dest + written + 1, 0, count - written - 1);
-
-	return written;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(strscpy_pad);
-
 /**
  * stpcpy - copy a string from src to dest returning a pointer to the new end
  *          of dest, including src's %NUL-terminator. May overrun dest.
@@ -513,46 +474,6 @@ char *strnchr(const char *s, size_t count, int c)
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(strnchr);
 #endif
 
-/**
- * skip_spaces - Removes leading whitespace from @str.
- * @str: The string to be stripped.
- *
- * Returns a pointer to the first non-whitespace character in @str.
- */
-char *skip_spaces(const char *str)
-{
-	while (isspace(*str))
-		++str;
-	return (char *)str;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(skip_spaces);
-
-/**
- * strim - Removes leading and trailing whitespace from @s.
- * @s: The string to be stripped.
- *
- * Note that the first trailing whitespace is replaced with a %NUL-terminator
- * in the given string @s. Returns a pointer to the first non-whitespace
- * character in @s.
- */
-char *strim(char *s)
-{
-	size_t size;
-	char *end;
-
-	size = strlen(s);
-	if (!size)
-		return s;
-
-	end = s + size - 1;
-	while (end >= s && isspace(*end))
-		end--;
-	*(end + 1) = '\0';
-
-	return skip_spaces(s);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(strim);
-
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLEN
 /**
  * strlen - Find the length of a string
@@ -687,101 +608,6 @@ char *strsep(char **s, const char *ct)
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(strsep);
 #endif
 
-/**
- * sysfs_streq - return true if strings are equal, modulo trailing newline
- * @s1: one string
- * @s2: another string
- *
- * This routine returns true iff two strings are equal, treating both
- * NUL and newline-then-NUL as equivalent string terminations.  It's
- * geared for use with sysfs input strings, which generally terminate
- * with newlines but are compared against values without newlines.
- */
-bool sysfs_streq(const char *s1, const char *s2)
-{
-	while (*s1 && *s1 == *s2) {
-		s1++;
-		s2++;
-	}
-
-	if (*s1 == *s2)
-		return true;
-	if (!*s1 && *s2 == '\n' && !s2[1])
-		return true;
-	if (*s1 == '\n' && !s1[1] && !*s2)
-		return true;
-	return false;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysfs_streq);
-
-/**
- * match_string - matches given string in an array
- * @array:	array of strings
- * @n:		number of strings in the array or -1 for NULL terminated arrays
- * @string:	string to match with
- *
- * This routine will look for a string in an array of strings up to the
- * n-th element in the array or until the first NULL element.
- *
- * Historically the value of -1 for @n, was used to search in arrays that
- * are NULL terminated. However, the function does not make a distinction
- * when finishing the search: either @n elements have been compared OR
- * the first NULL element was found.
- *
- * Return:
- * index of a @string in the @array if matches, or %-EINVAL otherwise.
- */
-int match_string(const char * const *array, size_t n, const char *string)
-{
-	int index;
-	const char *item;
-
-	for (index = 0; index < n; index++) {
-		item = array[index];
-		if (!item)
-			break;
-		if (!strcmp(item, string))
-			return index;
-	}
-
-	return -EINVAL;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(match_string);
-
-/**
- * __sysfs_match_string - matches given string in an array
- * @array: array of strings
- * @n: number of strings in the array or -1 for NULL terminated arrays
- * @str: string to match with
- *
- * Returns index of @str in the @array or -EINVAL, just like match_string().
- * Uses sysfs_streq instead of strcmp for matching.
- *
- * This routine will look for a string in an array of strings up to the
- * n-th element in the array or until the first NULL element.
- *
- * Historically the value of -1 for @n, was used to search in arrays that
- * are NULL terminated. However, the function does not make a distinction
- * when finishing the search: either @n elements have been compared OR
- * the first NULL element was found.
- */
-int __sysfs_match_string(const char * const *array, size_t n, const char *str)
-{
-	const char *item;
-	int index;
-
-	for (index = 0; index < n; index++) {
-		item = array[index];
-		if (!item)
-			break;
-		if (sysfs_streq(item, str))
-			return index;
-	}
-
-	return -EINVAL;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sysfs_match_string);
-
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET
 /**
  * memset - Fill a region of memory with the given value
@@ -1125,27 +951,3 @@ void *memchr_inv(const void *start, int c, size_t bytes)
 	return check_bytes8(start, value, bytes % 8);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(memchr_inv);
-
-/**
- * strreplace - Replace all occurrences of character in string.
- * @s: The string to operate on.
- * @old: The character being replaced.
- * @new: The character @old is replaced with.
- *
- * Returns pointer to the nul byte at the end of @s.
- */
-char *strreplace(char *s, char old, char new)
-{
-	for (; *s; ++s)
-		if (*s == old)
-			*s = new;
-	return s;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(strreplace);
-
-void fortify_panic(const char *name)
-{
-	pr_emerg("detected buffer overflow in %s\n", name);
-	BUG();
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(fortify_panic);
diff --git a/lib/string_helpers.c b/lib/string_helpers.c
index 5a35c7e16e96..e9433caab217 100644
--- a/lib/string_helpers.c
+++ b/lib/string_helpers.c
@@ -692,3 +692,196 @@ void kfree_strarray(char **array, size_t n)
 	kfree(array);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kfree_strarray);
+
+/**
+ * strscpy_pad() - Copy a C-string into a sized buffer
+ * @dest: Where to copy the string to
+ * @src: Where to copy the string from
+ * @count: Size of destination buffer
+ *
+ * Copy the string, or as much of it as fits, into the dest buffer.  The
+ * behavior is undefined if the string buffers overlap.  The destination
+ * buffer is always %NUL terminated, unless it's zero-sized.
+ *
+ * If the source string is shorter than the destination buffer, zeros
+ * the tail of the destination buffer.
+ *
+ * For full explanation of why you may want to consider using the
+ * 'strscpy' functions please see the function docstring for strscpy().
+ *
+ * Returns:
+ * * The number of characters copied (not including the trailing %NUL)
+ * * -E2BIG if count is 0 or @src was truncated.
+ */
+ssize_t strscpy_pad(char *dest, const char *src, size_t count)
+{
+	ssize_t written;
+
+	written = strscpy(dest, src, count);
+	if (written < 0 || written == count - 1)
+		return written;
+
+	memset(dest + written + 1, 0, count - written - 1);
+
+	return written;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(strscpy_pad);
+
+/**
+ * skip_spaces - Removes leading whitespace from @str.
+ * @str: The string to be stripped.
+ *
+ * Returns a pointer to the first non-whitespace character in @str.
+ */
+char *skip_spaces(const char *str)
+{
+	while (isspace(*str))
+		++str;
+	return (char *)str;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(skip_spaces);
+
+/**
+ * strim - Removes leading and trailing whitespace from @s.
+ * @s: The string to be stripped.
+ *
+ * Note that the first trailing whitespace is replaced with a %NUL-terminator
+ * in the given string @s. Returns a pointer to the first non-whitespace
+ * character in @s.
+ */
+char *strim(char *s)
+{
+	size_t size;
+	char *end;
+
+	size = strlen(s);
+	if (!size)
+		return s;
+
+	end = s + size - 1;
+	while (end >= s && isspace(*end))
+		end--;
+	*(end + 1) = '\0';
+
+	return skip_spaces(s);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(strim);
+
+/**
+ * sysfs_streq - return true if strings are equal, modulo trailing newline
+ * @s1: one string
+ * @s2: another string
+ *
+ * This routine returns true iff two strings are equal, treating both
+ * NUL and newline-then-NUL as equivalent string terminations.  It's
+ * geared for use with sysfs input strings, which generally terminate
+ * with newlines but are compared against values without newlines.
+ */
+bool sysfs_streq(const char *s1, const char *s2)
+{
+	while (*s1 && *s1 == *s2) {
+		s1++;
+		s2++;
+	}
+
+	if (*s1 == *s2)
+		return true;
+	if (!*s1 && *s2 == '\n' && !s2[1])
+		return true;
+	if (*s1 == '\n' && !s1[1] && !*s2)
+		return true;
+	return false;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysfs_streq);
+
+/**
+ * match_string - matches given string in an array
+ * @array:	array of strings
+ * @n:		number of strings in the array or -1 for NULL terminated arrays
+ * @string:	string to match with
+ *
+ * This routine will look for a string in an array of strings up to the
+ * n-th element in the array or until the first NULL element.
+ *
+ * Historically the value of -1 for @n, was used to search in arrays that
+ * are NULL terminated. However, the function does not make a distinction
+ * when finishing the search: either @n elements have been compared OR
+ * the first NULL element was found.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ * index of a @string in the @array if matches, or %-EINVAL otherwise.
+ */
+int match_string(const char * const *array, size_t n, const char *string)
+{
+	int index;
+	const char *item;
+
+	for (index = 0; index < n; index++) {
+		item = array[index];
+		if (!item)
+			break;
+		if (!strcmp(item, string))
+			return index;
+	}
+
+	return -EINVAL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(match_string);
+
+/**
+ * __sysfs_match_string - matches given string in an array
+ * @array: array of strings
+ * @n: number of strings in the array or -1 for NULL terminated arrays
+ * @str: string to match with
+ *
+ * Returns index of @str in the @array or -EINVAL, just like match_string().
+ * Uses sysfs_streq instead of strcmp for matching.
+ *
+ * This routine will look for a string in an array of strings up to the
+ * n-th element in the array or until the first NULL element.
+ *
+ * Historically the value of -1 for @n, was used to search in arrays that
+ * are NULL terminated. However, the function does not make a distinction
+ * when finishing the search: either @n elements have been compared OR
+ * the first NULL element was found.
+ */
+int __sysfs_match_string(const char * const *array, size_t n, const char *str)
+{
+	const char *item;
+	int index;
+
+	for (index = 0; index < n; index++) {
+		item = array[index];
+		if (!item)
+			break;
+		if (sysfs_streq(item, str))
+			return index;
+	}
+
+	return -EINVAL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sysfs_match_string);
+
+/**
+ * strreplace - Replace all occurrences of character in string.
+ * @s: The string to operate on.
+ * @old: The character being replaced.
+ * @new: The character @old is replaced with.
+ *
+ * Returns pointer to the nul byte at the end of @s.
+ */
+char *strreplace(char *s, char old, char new)
+{
+	for (; *s; ++s)
+		if (*s == old)
+			*s = new;
+	return s;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(strreplace);
+
+void fortify_panic(const char *name)
+{
+	pr_emerg("detected buffer overflow in %s\n", name);
+	BUG();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fortify_panic);
-- 
2.30.2

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