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Date:   Sat, 28 Aug 2021 16:51:29 +0900
From:   Vincent MAILHOL <mailhol.vincent@...adoo.fr>
To:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Cc:     open list <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Ayush Sawal <ayush.sawal@...lsio.com>,
        Vinay Kumar Yadav <vinay.yadav@...lsio.com>,
        Rohit Maheshwari <rohitm@...lsio.com>,
        Herbert Xu <herbert@...dor.apana.org.au>,
        "David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        Kalle Valo <kvalo@...eaurora.org>,
        Jakub Kicinski <kuba@...nel.org>,
        Stanislaw Gruszka <stf_xl@...pl>,
        Luca Coelho <luciano.coelho@...el.com>,
        "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@...ux.ibm.com>,
        "Martin K. Petersen" <martin.petersen@...cle.com>,
        Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@...nel.org>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>,
        Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>, Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>,
        John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        KP Singh <kpsingh@...nel.org>,
        Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@...el.com>,
        Mordechay Goodstein <mordechay.goodstein@...el.com>,
        Lee Jones <lee.jones@...aro.org>,
        Wolfgang Grandegger <wg@...ndegger.com>,
        Marc Kleine-Budde <mkl@...gutronix.de>,
        Arunachalam Santhanam <arunachalam.santhanam@...bosch.com>,
        Mikulas Patocka <mikulas@...ax.karlin.mff.cuni.cz>,
        linux-crypto@...r.kernel.org, ath10k@...ts.infradead.org,
        linux-wireless@...r.kernel.org, netdev <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-scsi@...r.kernel.org, linux-can <linux-can@...r.kernel.org>,
        bpf@...r.kernel.org, Rasmus Villemoes <linux@...musvillemoes.dk>,
        Keith Packard <keithp@...thp.com>,
        Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>,
        Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@...ll.ch>,
        clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com, linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 2/5] treewide: Replace open-coded flex arrays in unions

On Tue. 28 Aug 2021 at 01:30, Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org> wrote:
> In support of enabling -Warray-bounds and -Wzero-length-bounds and
> correctly handling run-time memcpy() bounds checking, replace all
> open-coded flexible arrays (i.e. 0-element arrays) in unions with the
> DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY() helper macro.
>
> This fixes warnings such as:
>
> fs/hpfs/anode.c: In function 'hpfs_add_sector_to_btree':
> fs/hpfs/anode.c:209:27: warning: array subscript 0 is outside the bounds of an interior zero-length array 'struct bplus_internal_node[0]' [-Wzero-length-bounds]
>   209 |    anode->btree.u.internal[0].down = cpu_to_le32(a);
>       |    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~
> In file included from fs/hpfs/hpfs_fn.h:26,
>                  from fs/hpfs/anode.c:10:
> fs/hpfs/hpfs.h:412:32: note: while referencing 'internal'
>   412 |     struct bplus_internal_node internal[0]; /* (internal) 2-word entries giving
>       |                                ^~~~~~~~
>
> drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es58x_fd.c: In function 'es58x_fd_tx_can_msg':
> drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es58x_fd.c:360:35: warning: array subscript 65535 is outside the bounds of an interior zero-length array 'u8[0]' {aka 'unsigned char[]'} [-Wzero-length-bounds]
>   360 |  tx_can_msg = (typeof(tx_can_msg))&es58x_fd_urb_cmd->raw_msg[msg_len];
>       |                                   ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> In file included from drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es58x_core.h:22,
>                  from drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es58x_fd.c:17:
> drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es58x_fd.h:231:6: note: while referencing 'raw_msg'
>   231 |   u8 raw_msg[0];
>       |      ^~~~~~~
>
> Cc: "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>
> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>
> Cc: Ayush Sawal <ayush.sawal@...lsio.com>
> Cc: Vinay Kumar Yadav <vinay.yadav@...lsio.com>
> Cc: Rohit Maheshwari <rohitm@...lsio.com>
> Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@...dor.apana.org.au>
> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>
> Cc: Kalle Valo <kvalo@...eaurora.org>
> Cc: Jakub Kicinski <kuba@...nel.org>
> Cc: Stanislaw Gruszka <stf_xl@...pl>
> Cc: Luca Coelho <luciano.coelho@...el.com>
> Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@...ux.ibm.com>
> Cc: "Martin K. Petersen" <martin.petersen@...cle.com>
> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>
> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
> Cc: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@...nel.org>
> Cc: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>
> Cc: Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>
> Cc: Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
> Cc: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>
> Cc: KP Singh <kpsingh@...nel.org>
> Cc: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@...el.com>
> Cc: Mordechay Goodstein <mordechay.goodstein@...el.com>
> Cc: Lee Jones <lee.jones@...aro.org>
> Cc: Wolfgang Grandegger <wg@...ndegger.com>
> Cc: Marc Kleine-Budde <mkl@...gutronix.de>
> Cc: Arunachalam Santhanam <arunachalam.santhanam@...bosch.com>
> Cc: Vincent Mailhol <mailhol.vincent@...adoo.fr>
> Cc: Mikulas Patocka <mikulas@...ax.karlin.mff.cuni.cz>
> Cc: linux-crypto@...r.kernel.org
> Cc: ath10k@...ts.infradead.org
> Cc: linux-wireless@...r.kernel.org
> Cc: netdev@...r.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-scsi@...r.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-can@...r.kernel.org
> Cc: bpf@...r.kernel.org
> Acked-by: Marc Kleine-Budde <mkl@...gutronix.de> # drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/*
> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
> ---
>  drivers/crypto/chelsio/chcr_crypto.h              | 14 +++++++++-----
>  drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es581_4.h          |  2 +-
>  drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es58x_fd.h         |  2 +-
>  drivers/net/wireless/ath/ath10k/htt.h             |  7 +++++--
>  drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlegacy/commands.h    |  6 ++++--
>  drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlwifi/dvm/commands.h |  6 ++++--
>  drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlwifi/fw/api/tx.h    |  6 ++++--
>  drivers/scsi/aic94xx/aic94xx_sds.c                |  6 ++++--
>  fs/hpfs/hpfs.h                                    |  8 ++++----
>  include/linux/filter.h                            |  6 ++++--
>  include/scsi/sas.h                                | 12 ++++++++----
>  include/uapi/rdma/rdma_user_rxe.h                 |  4 ++--
>  include/uapi/sound/asoc.h                         |  4 ++--
>  13 files changed, 52 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/crypto/chelsio/chcr_crypto.h b/drivers/crypto/chelsio/chcr_crypto.h
> index e89f9e0094b4..c7816c83e324 100644
> --- a/drivers/crypto/chelsio/chcr_crypto.h
> +++ b/drivers/crypto/chelsio/chcr_crypto.h
> @@ -222,8 +222,10 @@ struct chcr_authenc_ctx {
>  };
>
>  struct __aead_ctx {
> -       struct chcr_gcm_ctx gcm[0];
> -       struct chcr_authenc_ctx authenc[];
> +       union {
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct chcr_gcm_ctx, gcm);
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct chcr_authenc_ctx, authenc);
> +       };
>  };
>
>  struct chcr_aead_ctx {
> @@ -245,9 +247,11 @@ struct hmac_ctx {
>  };
>
>  struct __crypto_ctx {
> -       struct hmac_ctx hmacctx[0];
> -       struct ablk_ctx ablkctx[0];
> -       struct chcr_aead_ctx aeadctx[];
> +       union {
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct hmac_ctx, hmacctx);
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct ablk_ctx, ablkctx);
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct chcr_aead_ctx, aeadctx);
> +       };
>  };
>
>  struct chcr_context {
> diff --git a/drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es581_4.h b/drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es581_4.h
> index 4bc60a6df697..667ecb77168c 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es581_4.h
> +++ b/drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es581_4.h
> @@ -192,7 +192,7 @@ struct es581_4_urb_cmd {
>                 struct es581_4_rx_cmd_ret rx_cmd_ret;
>                 __le64 timestamp;
>                 u8 rx_cmd_ret_u8;
> -               u8 raw_msg[0];
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(u8, raw_msg);
>         } __packed;
>
>         __le16 reserved_for_crc16_do_not_use;
> diff --git a/drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es58x_fd.h b/drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es58x_fd.h
> index ee18a87e40c0..e33003f96e5e 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es58x_fd.h
> +++ b/drivers/net/can/usb/etas_es58x/es58x_fd.h
> @@ -228,7 +228,7 @@ struct es58x_fd_urb_cmd {
>                 struct es58x_fd_tx_ack_msg tx_ack_msg;
>                 __le64 timestamp;
>                 __le32 rx_cmd_ret_le32;
> -               u8 raw_msg[0];
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(u8, raw_msg);
>         } __packed;
>
>         __le16 reserved_for_crc16_do_not_use;
> diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/ath/ath10k/htt.h b/drivers/net/wireless/ath/ath10k/htt.h
> index ec689e3ce48a..a6de08d3bf4a 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/wireless/ath/ath10k/htt.h
> +++ b/drivers/net/wireless/ath/ath10k/htt.h
> @@ -1674,8 +1674,11 @@ struct htt_tx_fetch_ind {
>         __le32 token;
>         __le16 num_resp_ids;
>         __le16 num_records;
> -       __le32 resp_ids[0]; /* ath10k_htt_get_tx_fetch_ind_resp_ids() */
> -       struct htt_tx_fetch_record records[];
> +       union {
> +               /* ath10k_htt_get_tx_fetch_ind_resp_ids() */
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(__le32, resp_ids);
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct htt_tx_fetch_record, records);
> +       };
>  } __packed;
>
>  static inline void *
> diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlegacy/commands.h b/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlegacy/commands.h
> index 89c6671b32bc..4a97310f8fee 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlegacy/commands.h
> +++ b/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlegacy/commands.h
> @@ -1408,8 +1408,10 @@ struct il3945_tx_cmd {
>          * MAC header goes here, followed by 2 bytes padding if MAC header
>          * length is 26 or 30 bytes, followed by payload data
>          */
> -       u8 payload[0];
> -       struct ieee80211_hdr hdr[];
> +       union {
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(u8, payload);
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct ieee80211_hdr, hdr);
> +       };
>  } __packed;
>
>  /*
> diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlwifi/dvm/commands.h b/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlwifi/dvm/commands.h
> index 235c7a2e3483..75a4b8e26232 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlwifi/dvm/commands.h
> +++ b/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlwifi/dvm/commands.h
> @@ -1251,8 +1251,10 @@ struct iwl_tx_cmd {
>          * MAC header goes here, followed by 2 bytes padding if MAC header
>          * length is 26 or 30 bytes, followed by payload data
>          */
> -       u8 payload[0];
> -       struct ieee80211_hdr hdr[];
> +       union {
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(u8, payload);
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct ieee80211_hdr, hdr);
> +       };
>  } __packed;
>
>  /*
> diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlwifi/fw/api/tx.h b/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlwifi/fw/api/tx.h
> index 24e4a82a55da..66c5487e857e 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlwifi/fw/api/tx.h
> +++ b/drivers/net/wireless/intel/iwlwifi/fw/api/tx.h
> @@ -713,8 +713,10 @@ struct iwl_mvm_compressed_ba_notif {
>         __le32 tx_rate;
>         __le16 tfd_cnt;
>         __le16 ra_tid_cnt;
> -       struct iwl_mvm_compressed_ba_ratid ra_tid[0];
> -       struct iwl_mvm_compressed_ba_tfd tfd[];
> +       union {
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct iwl_mvm_compressed_ba_ratid, ra_tid);
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct iwl_mvm_compressed_ba_tfd, tfd);
> +       };
>  } __packed; /* COMPRESSED_BA_RES_API_S_VER_4 */
>
>  /**
> diff --git a/drivers/scsi/aic94xx/aic94xx_sds.c b/drivers/scsi/aic94xx/aic94xx_sds.c
> index 46815e65f7a4..5def83c88f13 100644
> --- a/drivers/scsi/aic94xx/aic94xx_sds.c
> +++ b/drivers/scsi/aic94xx/aic94xx_sds.c
> @@ -517,8 +517,10 @@ struct asd_ms_conn_map {
>         u8    num_nodes;
>         u8    usage_model_id;
>         u32   _resvd;
> -       struct asd_ms_conn_desc conn_desc[0];
> -       struct asd_ms_node_desc node_desc[];
> +       union {
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct asd_ms_conn_desc, conn_desc);
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct asd_ms_node_desc, node_desc);
> +       };
>  } __attribute__ ((packed));
>
>  struct asd_ctrla_phy_entry {
> diff --git a/fs/hpfs/hpfs.h b/fs/hpfs/hpfs.h
> index d92c4af3e1b4..281dec8f636b 100644
> --- a/fs/hpfs/hpfs.h
> +++ b/fs/hpfs/hpfs.h
> @@ -409,10 +409,10 @@ struct bplus_header
>    __le16 first_free;                   /* offset from start of header to
>                                            first free node in array */
>    union {
> -    struct bplus_internal_node internal[0]; /* (internal) 2-word entries giving
> -                                              subtree pointers */
> -    struct bplus_leaf_node external[0];            /* (external) 3-word entries giving
> -                                              sector runs */
> +       /* (internal) 2-word entries giving subtree pointers */
> +       DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct bplus_internal_node, internal);
> +       /* (external) 3-word entries giving sector runs */
> +       DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct bplus_leaf_node, external);
>    } u;
>  };
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/filter.h b/include/linux/filter.h
> index 472f97074da0..5ca52bfa5868 100644
> --- a/include/linux/filter.h
> +++ b/include/linux/filter.h
> @@ -572,8 +572,10 @@ struct bpf_prog {
>         struct bpf_prog_aux     *aux;           /* Auxiliary fields */
>         struct sock_fprog_kern  *orig_prog;     /* Original BPF program */
>         /* Instructions for interpreter */
> -       struct sock_filter      insns[0];
> -       struct bpf_insn         insnsi[];
> +       union {
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct sock_filter, insns);
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct bpf_insn, insnsi);
> +       };
>  };
>
>  struct sk_filter {
> diff --git a/include/scsi/sas.h b/include/scsi/sas.h
> index 4726c1bbec65..64154c1fed02 100644
> --- a/include/scsi/sas.h
> +++ b/include/scsi/sas.h
> @@ -323,8 +323,10 @@ struct ssp_response_iu {
>         __be32 sense_data_len;
>         __be32 response_data_len;
>
> -       u8     resp_data[0];
> -       u8     sense_data[];
> +       union {
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(u8, resp_data);
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(u8, sense_data);
> +       };
>  } __attribute__ ((packed));
>
>  struct ssp_command_iu {
> @@ -554,8 +556,10 @@ struct ssp_response_iu {
>         __be32 sense_data_len;
>         __be32 response_data_len;
>
> -       u8     resp_data[0];
> -       u8     sense_data[];
> +       union {
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(u8, resp_data);
> +               DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(u8, sense_data);
> +       };
>  } __attribute__ ((packed));
>
>  struct ssp_command_iu {
> diff --git a/include/uapi/rdma/rdma_user_rxe.h b/include/uapi/rdma/rdma_user_rxe.h
> index e283c2220aba..7f44d54bb0ab 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/rdma/rdma_user_rxe.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/rdma/rdma_user_rxe.h
> @@ -141,8 +141,8 @@ struct rxe_dma_info {
>         __u32                   sge_offset;
>         __u32                   reserved;
>         union {
> -               __u8            inline_data[0];
> -               struct rxe_sge  sge[0];
> +               __DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(__u8, inline_data);
> +               __DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct rxe_sge, sge);
>         };
>  };
>
> diff --git a/include/uapi/sound/asoc.h b/include/uapi/sound/asoc.h
> index da61398b1f8f..053949287ce8 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/sound/asoc.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/sound/asoc.h
> @@ -240,8 +240,8 @@ struct snd_soc_tplg_vendor_array {
>  struct snd_soc_tplg_private {
>         __le32 size;    /* in bytes of private data */
>         union {
> -               char data[0];
> -               struct snd_soc_tplg_vendor_array array[0];
> +               __DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(char, data);
> +               __DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(struct snd_soc_tplg_vendor_array, array);
>         };
>  } __attribute__((packed));

Thanks for addressing all my remarks on the commit message.

FYI, I compared the assembly code before and after the patch:
both give the same output (as expected).

Acked-by: Vincent Mailhol <mailhol.vincent@...adoo.fr>

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