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Date:   Mon, 30 Aug 2021 15:34:01 -0700
From:   Nathan Chancellor <nathan@...nel.org>
To:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>,
        Rasmus Villemoes <linux@...musvillemoes.dk>,
        Keith Packard <keithp@...thp.com>,
        Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>,
        Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@...ll.ch>,
        clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com,
        linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org, llvm@...ts.linux.dev
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 0/5] Enable -Warray-bounds and -Wzero-length-bounds

On Mon, Aug 30, 2021 at 01:16:41PM -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 30, 2021 at 11:44:54AM -0700, Nathan Chancellor wrote:
> > arch/powerpc/kernel/signal_32.c:780:2: error: array index 3 is past the end of the array (which contains 1 element) [-Werror,-Warray-bounds]
> >         unsafe_put_sigset_t(&frame->uc.uc_sigmask, oldset, failed);
> >         ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> 
> Or is this a Clang DCE failure?
> 
> #define unsafe_put_compat_sigset(compat, set, label) do {               \
>         compat_sigset_t __user *__c = compat;                           \
>         const sigset_t *__s = set;                                      \
>                                                                         \
>         switch (_NSIG_WORDS) {                                          \
>         case 4:                                                         \
>                 unsafe_put_user(__s->sig[3] >> 32, &__c->sig[7], label);        \
>                 unsafe_put_user(__s->sig[3], &__c->sig[6], label);      \
>                 fallthrough;                                            \
>         case 3:                                                         \
>                 unsafe_put_user(__s->sig[2] >> 32, &__c->sig[5], label);        \
>                 unsafe_put_user(__s->sig[2], &__c->sig[4], label);      \
>                 fallthrough;                                            \
>         case 2:                                                         \
>                 unsafe_put_user(__s->sig[1] >> 32, &__c->sig[3], label);        \
>                 unsafe_put_user(__s->sig[1], &__c->sig[2], label);      \
>                 fallthrough;                                            \
>         case 1:                                                         \
>                 unsafe_put_user(__s->sig[0] >> 32, &__c->sig[1], label);        \
>                 unsafe_put_user(__s->sig[0], &__c->sig[0], label);      \
>         }                                                               \
> } while (0)
> 
> if "set" has only 1 element, then _NSIG_WORDS must be 1. The warnings
> are coming from cases 4 and 3. (But why not 2, which would also access
> beyond the end?)

I trimmed the warnings down otherwise it would have been 400 lines long
:) it did warn for the 2 case.

Clang does not like the use of asm goto in unsafe_put_user on powerpc it
seems:

$ cat warray-bounds.c
#define NSIG_WORDS      1

typedef struct {
        unsigned long sig[NSIG_WORDS];
} sigset_t;

int handle_rt_signal32_bad(sigset_t *);
int handle_rt_signal32_bad(sigset_t *oldset)
{
	switch (NSIG_WORDS) {
	case 4:
			__asm__ goto("" : : "r"(oldset->sig[3] >> 32) : : failed);
			__asm__ goto("" : : "r"(oldset->sig[3]) : : failed);
			__attribute__((fallthrough));
	case 3:
			__asm__ goto("" : : "r"(oldset->sig[2] >> 32) : : failed);
			__asm__ goto("" : : "r"(oldset->sig[2]) : : failed);
			__attribute__((fallthrough));
	case 2:
			__asm__ goto("" : : "r"(oldset->sig[1] >> 32) : : failed);
			__asm__ goto("" : : "r"(oldset->sig[1]) : : failed);
			__attribute__((fallthrough));
	case 1:
			__asm__ goto("" : : "r"(oldset->sig[0] >> 32) : : failed);
			__asm__ goto("" : : "r"(oldset->sig[0]) : : failed);
	}

	return 0;
failed:
	return 1;
}

void normal_array_access(unsigned long);
int handle_rt_signal32_good(sigset_t *);
int handle_rt_signal32_good(sigset_t *oldset)
{
	switch (NSIG_WORDS) {
	case 4:
			normal_array_access(oldset->sig[3] >> 32);
			normal_array_access(oldset->sig[3]);
			__attribute__((fallthrough));
	case 3:
			normal_array_access(oldset->sig[2] >> 32);
			normal_array_access(oldset->sig[2]);
			__attribute__((fallthrough));
	case 2:
			normal_array_access(oldset->sig[1] >> 32);
			normal_array_access(oldset->sig[1]);
			__attribute__((fallthrough));
	case 1:
			normal_array_access(oldset->sig[0] >> 32);
			normal_array_access(oldset->sig[0]);
	}

	return 0;
}

$ clang -fsyntax-only -Weverything warray-bounds.c
warray-bounds.c:12:27: warning: array index 3 is past the end of the array (which contains 1 element) [-Warray-bounds]
                __asm__ goto("" : : "r"(oldset->sig[3] >> 32) : : failed);
                                        ^           ~
warray-bounds.c:4:2: note: array 'sig' declared here
        unsigned long sig[NSIG_WORDS];
        ^
warray-bounds.c:16:27: warning: array index 2 is past the end of the array (which contains 1 element) [-Warray-bounds]
                __asm__ goto("" : : "r"(oldset->sig[2] >> 32) : : failed);
                                        ^           ~
warray-bounds.c:4:2: note: array 'sig' declared here
        unsigned long sig[NSIG_WORDS];
        ^
warray-bounds.c:20:27: warning: array index 1 is past the end of the array (which contains 1 element) [-Warray-bounds]
                __asm__ goto("" : : "r"(oldset->sig[1] >> 32) : : failed);
                                        ^           ~
warray-bounds.c:4:2: note: array 'sig' declared here
        unsigned long sig[NSIG_WORDS];
        ^
3 warnings generated.

$ gcc -fsyntax-only -Wall -Wextra -Wpedantic warray-bounds.c

godbolt link: https://godbolt.org/z/8xYojs1WY

I've reported this on LLVM's bug tracker to see what the clang
developers can do with you on CC:

https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=51682

Cheers,
Nathan

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