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Date:   Tue, 28 Sep 2021 16:09:45 -0700
From:   Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
To:     Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>
Cc:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>,
        Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>, Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>,
        John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        KP Singh <kpsingh@...nel.org>, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
        bpf@...r.kernel.org,
        "Gustavo A . R . Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@...nel.org>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH bpf-next v2 1/2] bpf: Replace "want address" users of BPF_CAST_CALL with BPF_CALL_IMM

In order to keep ahead of cases in the kernel where Control Flow
Integrity (CFI) may trip over function call casts, enabling
-Wcast-function-type is helpful. To that end, BPF_CAST_CALL causes
various warnings and is one of the last places in the kernel triggering
this warning.

Most places using BPF_CAST_CALL actually just want a void * to perform
math on. It's not actually performing a call, so just use a different
helper to get the void *, by way of the new BPF_CALL_IMM() helper, which
can clean up a common copy/paste idiom as well.

This change results in no object code difference.

Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
Cc: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>
Cc: Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>
Cc: Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
Cc: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>
Cc: KP Singh <kpsingh@...nel.org>
Cc: netdev@...r.kernel.org
Cc: bpf@...r.kernel.org
Cc: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@...nel.org>
Link: https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/20
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@...nel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAEf4Bzb46=-J5Fxc3mMZ8JQPtK1uoE0q6+g6WPz53Cvx=CBEhw@mail.gmail.com
---
 include/linux/filter.h |  6 +++++-
 kernel/bpf/hashtab.c   |  6 +++---
 kernel/bpf/verifier.c  | 26 +++++++++-----------------
 lib/test_bpf.c         |  2 +-
 4 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/filter.h b/include/linux/filter.h
index 4a93c12543ee..6c247663d4ce 100644
--- a/include/linux/filter.h
+++ b/include/linux/filter.h
@@ -365,13 +365,17 @@ static inline bool insn_is_zext(const struct bpf_insn *insn)
 #define BPF_CAST_CALL(x)					\
 		((u64 (*)(u64, u64, u64, u64, u64))(x))
 
+/* Convert function address to BPF immediate */
+
+#define BPF_CALL_IMM(x)	((void *)(x) - (void *)__bpf_call_base)
+
 #define BPF_EMIT_CALL(FUNC)					\
 	((struct bpf_insn) {					\
 		.code  = BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL,			\
 		.dst_reg = 0,					\
 		.src_reg = 0,					\
 		.off   = 0,					\
-		.imm   = ((FUNC) - __bpf_call_base) })
+		.imm   = BPF_CALL_IMM(FUNC) })
 
 /* Raw code statement block */
 
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/hashtab.c b/kernel/bpf/hashtab.c
index 32471ba02708..3d8f9d6997d5 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/hashtab.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/hashtab.c
@@ -668,7 +668,7 @@ static int htab_map_gen_lookup(struct bpf_map *map, struct bpf_insn *insn_buf)
 
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(!__same_type(&__htab_map_lookup_elem,
 		     (void *(*)(struct bpf_map *map, void *key))NULL));
-	*insn++ = BPF_EMIT_CALL(BPF_CAST_CALL(__htab_map_lookup_elem));
+	*insn++ = BPF_EMIT_CALL(__htab_map_lookup_elem);
 	*insn++ = BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JEQ, ret, 0, 1);
 	*insn++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_ADD, ret,
 				offsetof(struct htab_elem, key) +
@@ -709,7 +709,7 @@ static int htab_lru_map_gen_lookup(struct bpf_map *map,
 
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(!__same_type(&__htab_map_lookup_elem,
 		     (void *(*)(struct bpf_map *map, void *key))NULL));
-	*insn++ = BPF_EMIT_CALL(BPF_CAST_CALL(__htab_map_lookup_elem));
+	*insn++ = BPF_EMIT_CALL(__htab_map_lookup_elem);
 	*insn++ = BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JEQ, ret, 0, 4);
 	*insn++ = BPF_LDX_MEM(BPF_B, ref_reg, ret,
 			      offsetof(struct htab_elem, lru_node) +
@@ -2397,7 +2397,7 @@ static int htab_of_map_gen_lookup(struct bpf_map *map,
 
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(!__same_type(&__htab_map_lookup_elem,
 		     (void *(*)(struct bpf_map *map, void *key))NULL));
-	*insn++ = BPF_EMIT_CALL(BPF_CAST_CALL(__htab_map_lookup_elem));
+	*insn++ = BPF_EMIT_CALL(__htab_map_lookup_elem);
 	*insn++ = BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JEQ, ret, 0, 2);
 	*insn++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_ADD, ret,
 				offsetof(struct htab_elem, key) +
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index 7a8351604f67..1433752db740 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -1744,7 +1744,7 @@ static int add_kfunc_call(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 func_id)
 
 	desc = &tab->descs[tab->nr_descs++];
 	desc->func_id = func_id;
-	desc->imm = BPF_CAST_CALL(addr) - __bpf_call_base;
+	desc->imm = BPF_CALL_IMM(addr);
 	err = btf_distill_func_proto(&env->log, btf_vmlinux,
 				     func_proto, func_name,
 				     &desc->func_model);
@@ -12514,8 +12514,7 @@ static int jit_subprogs(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
 			if (!bpf_pseudo_call(insn))
 				continue;
 			subprog = insn->off;
-			insn->imm = BPF_CAST_CALL(func[subprog]->bpf_func) -
-				    __bpf_call_base;
+			insn->imm = BPF_CALL_IMM(func[subprog]->bpf_func);
 		}
 
 		/* we use the aux data to keep a list of the start addresses
@@ -12995,32 +12994,25 @@ static int do_misc_fixups(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
 patch_map_ops_generic:
 			switch (insn->imm) {
 			case BPF_FUNC_map_lookup_elem:
-				insn->imm = BPF_CAST_CALL(ops->map_lookup_elem) -
-					    __bpf_call_base;
+				insn->imm = BPF_CALL_IMM(ops->map_lookup_elem);
 				continue;
 			case BPF_FUNC_map_update_elem:
-				insn->imm = BPF_CAST_CALL(ops->map_update_elem) -
-					    __bpf_call_base;
+				insn->imm = BPF_CALL_IMM(ops->map_update_elem);
 				continue;
 			case BPF_FUNC_map_delete_elem:
-				insn->imm = BPF_CAST_CALL(ops->map_delete_elem) -
-					    __bpf_call_base;
+				insn->imm = BPF_CALL_IMM(ops->map_delete_elem);
 				continue;
 			case BPF_FUNC_map_push_elem:
-				insn->imm = BPF_CAST_CALL(ops->map_push_elem) -
-					    __bpf_call_base;
+				insn->imm = BPF_CALL_IMM(ops->map_push_elem);
 				continue;
 			case BPF_FUNC_map_pop_elem:
-				insn->imm = BPF_CAST_CALL(ops->map_pop_elem) -
-					    __bpf_call_base;
+				insn->imm = BPF_CALL_IMM(ops->map_pop_elem);
 				continue;
 			case BPF_FUNC_map_peek_elem:
-				insn->imm = BPF_CAST_CALL(ops->map_peek_elem) -
-					    __bpf_call_base;
+				insn->imm = BPF_CALL_IMM(ops->map_peek_elem);
 				continue;
 			case BPF_FUNC_redirect_map:
-				insn->imm = BPF_CAST_CALL(ops->map_redirect) -
-					    __bpf_call_base;
+				insn->imm = BPF_CALL_IMM(ops->map_redirect);
 				continue;
 			}
 
diff --git a/lib/test_bpf.c b/lib/test_bpf.c
index 08f438e6fe9e..21ea1ab253a1 100644
--- a/lib/test_bpf.c
+++ b/lib/test_bpf.c
@@ -12439,7 +12439,7 @@ static __init int prepare_tail_call_tests(struct bpf_array **pprogs)
 					err = -EFAULT;
 					goto out_err;
 				}
-				*insn = BPF_EMIT_CALL(BPF_CAST_CALL(addr));
+				*insn = BPF_EMIT_CALL(addr);
 				if ((long)__bpf_call_base + insn->imm != addr)
 					*insn = BPF_JMP_A(0); /* Skip: NOP */
 				break;
-- 
2.30.2

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