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Date:   Mon, 17 Jan 2022 22:08:00 +0100
From:   Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>
To:     Alexander Lobakin <alexandr.lobakin@...el.com>
Cc:     linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org, x86@...nel.org,
        Jesse Brandeburg <jesse.brandeburg@...el.com>,
        Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@...ux.intel.com>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Miklos Szeredi <miklos@...redi.hu>,
        Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@...nel.org>,
        Tony Luck <tony.luck@...el.com>,
        Bruce Schlobohm <bruce.schlobohm@...el.com>,
        Jessica Yu <jeyu@...nel.org>,
        kernel test robot <lkp@...el.com>,
        Miroslav Benes <mbenes@...e.cz>,
        Evgenii Shatokhin <eshatokhin@...tuozzo.com>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>,
        Michal Marek <michal.lkml@...kovi.net>,
        Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>,
        Herbert Xu <herbert@...dor.apana.org.au>,
        "David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Will Deacon <will@...nel.org>, Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>,
        Nathan Chancellor <nathan@...nel.org>,
        Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@...nel.org>,
        Marios Pomonis <pomonis@...gle.com>,
        Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@...gle.com>,
        "H.J. Lu" <hjl.tools@...il.com>, Nicolas Pitre <nico@...xnic.net>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-kbuild@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-arch@...r.kernel.org, live-patching@...r.kernel.org,
        llvm@...ts.linux.dev
Subject: Re: [PATCH v9 04/15] arch: introduce ASM function sections

On Thu, Dec 23, 2021 at 01:21:58AM +0100, Alexander Lobakin wrote:
> Sometimes it is useful to create a separate section for every
> function (symbol in general) to be able then to selectively merge
> them back into on or several others. This is how DCE and a part of
		 ^^

"one"

DCE == Dead Code Elimination?

In any case, write it out first please and then use the abbreviation.

> LTO work.

I would've said that too but that one at least has a Kconfig entry which
explains what it is so no need.

/me looks further

Aha there is LD_DEAD_CODE_DATA_ELIMINATION. So connect the two pls.

> Currently, only C functions are in scope

You mean, currently this is done only for C functions? The "in scope"
formulation sounds weird.

> and the compilers are able to do this automatically when
> `-ffunction-section` is specified.

-ffunction-sections, plural.

> Add a basic infra for supporting ASM function sections. If any of

yah s/ASM/asm/g. It's not like it is an acronym or so.

and also, you should explain that "asm function sections" means "put a
function symbol defined in asm, into a separate section".

> the required build options (DCE, LTO, FG-KASLR later) is on and
> the target architecture claims it supports them, all ASM functions
> and "code" will be placed into separate named sections by default.
> This is achieved using --sectname-subst GAS flag which will then
> substitute "%S" in a .pushsection or .section directive with the

Thanks for explaining this. The gas manpage is very, hm, verbose
<sarcarstic eyeroll> ;-\:

"       --sectname-subst
           Honor substitution sequences in section names.
"


...

> diff --git a/include/linux/linkage.h b/include/linux/linkage.h
> index dbf8506decca..0c0ddf4429dc 100644
> --- a/include/linux/linkage.h
> +++ b/include/linux/linkage.h
> @@ -73,6 +73,37 @@
>  #define __ALIGN_STR	".align 4,0x90"
>  #endif
>  
> +/*
> + * Allow ASM symbols to have their own unique sections if they are being
> + * generated by the compiler for C functions (DCE, LTO).
> + */
> +#if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ASM_FUNCTION_SECTIONS) && \
> +    ((defined(CONFIG_LD_DEAD_CODE_DATA_ELIMINATION) && !defined(MODULE)) || \
> +     (defined(CONFIG_LTO_CLANG)))
> +
> +#define SYM_PUSH_SECTION(name)				\
> +	.pushsection %S.name, "ax"
> +
> +#define SYM_POP_SECTION()				\
> +	.popsection
> +
> +#define __ASM_PUSH_SECTION(name)			\
> +	".pushsection %S." name ", \"ax\""
> +
> +#else /* Just .text */

Just .text?

> +
> +#define SYM_PUSH_SECTION(name)
> +#define SYM_POP_SECTION()
> +#define __ASM_PUSH_SECTION(name)
> +
> +#endif /* Just .text */
> +
> +#define ASM_PUSH_SECTION(name)				\
> +	__ASM_PUSH_SECTION(__stringify(name))
> +
> +#define ASM_POP_SECTION()				\
> +	__stringify(SYM_POP_SECTION())
> +
>  #ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
>  
>  /* SYM_T_FUNC -- type used by assembler to mark functions */
> @@ -209,6 +240,15 @@
>  	SYM_START(name, SYM_L_LOCAL, SYM_A_ALIGN)
>  #endif
>  
> +/*
> + * SYM_FUNC_START_WEAK -- use where there are two global names for one

SYM_FUNC_START_WEAK_ALIAS

> + * function, and one of them is weak
> + */
> +#ifndef SYM_FUNC_START_WEAK_ALIAS
> +#define SYM_FUNC_START_WEAK_ALIAS(name)			\
> +	SYM_START(name, SYM_L_WEAK, SYM_A_ALIGN)
> +#endif
> +
>  /*
>   * SYM_FUNC_START_ALIAS -- use where there are two global names for one
>   * function
> @@ -225,12 +265,24 @@
>   * later.
>   */
>  #define SYM_FUNC_START(name)				\
> +	SYM_PUSH_SECTION(name) ASM_NL			\
> +	SYM_START(name, SYM_L_GLOBAL, SYM_A_ALIGN)
> +#endif
> +
> +/*
> + * SYM_FUNC_START_SECT -- use for global functions, will be conditionally
> + * placed into a section specified in the second argument
> + */
> +#ifndef SYM_FUNC_START_SECT
> +#define SYM_FUNC_START_SECT(name, to)			\

			      (name, sect)

"to" reads kinda unclear what it is supposed to mean.


> +	SYM_PUSH_SECTION(to) ASM_NL			\
>  	SYM_START(name, SYM_L_GLOBAL, SYM_A_ALIGN)
>  #endif
>  
>  /* SYM_FUNC_START_NOALIGN -- use for global functions, w/o alignment */
>  #ifndef SYM_FUNC_START_NOALIGN
>  #define SYM_FUNC_START_NOALIGN(name)			\
> +	SYM_PUSH_SECTION(name) ASM_NL			\
>  	SYM_START(name, SYM_L_GLOBAL, SYM_A_NONE)
>  #endif
>  
> @@ -238,24 +290,38 @@
>  #ifndef SYM_FUNC_START_LOCAL
>  /* the same as SYM_FUNC_START_LOCAL_ALIAS, see comment near SYM_FUNC_START */
>  #define SYM_FUNC_START_LOCAL(name)			\
> +	SYM_PUSH_SECTION(name) ASM_NL			\
>  	SYM_START(name, SYM_L_LOCAL, SYM_A_ALIGN)
>  #endif
>  
>  /* SYM_FUNC_START_LOCAL_NOALIGN -- use for local functions, w/o alignment */
>  #ifndef SYM_FUNC_START_LOCAL_NOALIGN
>  #define SYM_FUNC_START_LOCAL_NOALIGN(name)		\
> +	SYM_PUSH_SECTION(name) ASM_NL			\
> +	SYM_START(name, SYM_L_LOCAL, SYM_A_NONE)
> +#endif
> +
> +/*
> + * SYM_FUNC_START_LOCAL_NOALIGN_SECT -- use for local functions, w/o alignment,
> + * will be conditionally placed into a section specified in the second argument
> + */
> +#ifndef SYM_FUNC_START_LOCAL_NOALIGN_SECT
> +#define SYM_FUNC_START_LOCAL_NOALIGN_SECT(name, to)	\

Ditto. And so on below.

...

> diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
> index 37926d19a74a..3babc0aeac61 100644
> --- a/init/Kconfig
> +++ b/init/Kconfig
> @@ -1386,6 +1386,17 @@ config CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
>  
>  endchoice
>  
> +config HAVE_ASM_FUNCTION_SECTIONS
> +	depends on ARCH_SUPPORTS_ASM_FUNCTION_SECTIONS
> +	depends on $(cc-option,-Wa$(comma)--sectname-subst)
> +	def_bool y
> +	help
> +	  This enables ASM function sections if both architecture
> +	  and toolchain supports that. It allows creating a separate

"... support it."

> +	  .text section for each ASM function in order to improve

s/.text // - the section name is specified by the macro arg.

> +	  DCE and LTO (works the same way as -ffunction-sections for
> +	  C code).
> +

Thx.

-- 
Regards/Gruss,
    Boris.

https://people.kernel.org/tglx/notes-about-netiquette

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