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Date:   Mon, 24 Jan 2022 18:47:35 +0100
From:   Ard Biesheuvel <>
Cc:, Ard Biesheuvel <>,
        Nicolas Pitre <>,
        Arnd Bergmann <>,
        Kees Cook <>,
        Keith Packard <>,
        Linus Walleij <>,
        Nick Desaulniers <>,
        Tony Lindgren <>,
        Marc Zyngier <>,
        Vladimir Murzin <>,
        Jesse Taube <>
Subject: [PATCH v5 23/32] ARM: call_with_stack: add unwind support

Restructure the code and add the unwind annotations so that both the
frame pointer unwinder as well as the EHABI unwind info based unwinder
will be able to follow the call stack through call_with_stack().

Since GCC and Clang use different formats for the stack frame, two
methods are implemented: a GCC version that pushes fp, sp, lr and pc for
compatibility with the frame pointer unwinder, and a second version that
works with Clang, as well as with the EHABI unwinder both in ARM and
Thumb2 modes.

Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <>
Acked-by: Linus Walleij <>
Tested-by: Keith Packard <>
Reviewed-by: Nick Desaulniers <>
Tested-by: Marc Zyngier <>
Tested-by: Vladimir Murzin <> # ARMv7M
 arch/arm/lib/call_with_stack.S | 33 +++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 25 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/lib/call_with_stack.S b/arch/arm/lib/call_with_stack.S
index 28b0341ae786..0a268a6c513c 100644
--- a/arch/arm/lib/call_with_stack.S
+++ b/arch/arm/lib/call_with_stack.S
@@ -8,25 +8,42 @@
 #include <linux/linkage.h>
 #include <asm/assembler.h>
+#include <asm/unwind.h>
  * void call_with_stack(void (*fn)(void *), void *arg, void *sp)
  * Change the stack to that pointed at by sp, then invoke fn(arg) with
  * the new stack.
+ *
+ * The sequence below follows the APCS frame convention for frame pointer
+ * unwinding, and implements the unwinder annotations needed by the EABI
+ * unwinder.
-	str	sp, [r2, #-4]!
-	str	lr, [r2, #-4]!
+	mov	ip, sp
+	push	{fp, ip, lr, pc}
+	sub	fp, ip, #4
+UNWIND( .fnstart		)
+UNWIND( .save	{fpreg, lr}	)
+	push	{fpreg, lr}
+UNWIND( .setfp	fpreg, sp	)
+	mov	fpreg, sp
 	mov	sp, r2
 	mov	r2, r0
 	mov	r0, r1
-	badr	lr, 1f
-	ret	r2
+	bl_r	r2
-1:	ldr	lr, [sp]
-	ldr	sp, [sp, #4]
-	ret	lr
+	ldmdb	fp, {fp, sp, pc}
+	mov	sp, fpreg
+	pop	{fpreg, pc}
+UNWIND( .fnend			)

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