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Date:   Tue, 1 Mar 2022 13:36:15 +0100
From:   John Paul Adrian Glaubitz <glaubitz@...sik.fu-berlin.de>
To:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        matoro <matoro_mailinglist_kernel@...oro.tk>
Cc:     Alexander Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
        Eric Biederman <ebiederm@...ssion.com>,
        linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, linux-mm@...ck.org,
        stable@...r.kernel.org,
        Magnus GroƟ <magnus.gross@...h-aachen.de>,
        Thorsten Leemhuis <regressions@...mhuis.info>,
        Anthony Yznaga <anthony.yznaga@...cle.com>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        regressions@...ts.linux.dev, linux-ia64@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 5.16 v2] binfmt_elf: Avoid total_mapping_size for ET_EXEC

Hello!

On 2/28/22 21:55, Kees Cook wrote:
> Partially revert commit 5f501d555653 ("binfmt_elf: reintroduce using
> MAP_FIXED_NOREPLACE").
> 
> At least ia64 has ET_EXEC PT_LOAD segments that are not virtual-address
> contiguous (but _are_ file-offset contiguous). This would result in
> giant mapping attempts to cover the entire span, including the virtual
> address range hole. Disable total_mapping_size for ET_EXEC, which
> reduces the MAP_FIXED_NOREPLACE coverage to only the first PT_LOAD:
> 
> $ readelf -lW /usr/bin/gcc
> ...
> Program Headers:
>   Type Offset   VirtAddr           PhysAddr           FileSiz  MemSiz   ...
> ...
>   LOAD 0x000000 0x4000000000000000 0x4000000000000000 0x00b5a0 0x00b5a0 ...
>   LOAD 0x00b5a0 0x600000000000b5a0 0x600000000000b5a0 0x0005ac 0x000710 ...
> ...
>        ^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^                    ^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^
> 
> File offset range     : 0x000000-0x00bb4c
> 			0x00bb4c bytes
> 
> Virtual address range : 0x4000000000000000-0x600000000000bcb0
> 			0x200000000000bcb0 bytes
> 
> Ironically, this is the reverse of the problem that originally caused
> problems with ET_EXEC and MAP_FIXED_NOREPLACE: overlaps. This problem is
> with holes. Future work could restore full coverage if load_elf_binary()
> were to perform mappings in a separate phase from the loading (where
> it could resolve both overlaps and holes).
> 
> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>
> Cc: Eric Biederman <ebiederm@...ssion.com>
> Cc: linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-mm@...ck.org
> Reported-by: matoro <matoro_mailinglist_kernel@...oro.tk>
> Reported-by: John Paul Adrian Glaubitz <glaubitz@...sik.fu-berlin.de>
> Fixes: 5f501d555653 ("binfmt_elf: reintroduce using MAP_FIXED_NOREPLACE")
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/a3edd529-c42d-3b09-135c-7e98a15b150f@leemhuis.info
> Cc: stable@...r.kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
> ---
> Here's the v5.16 backport.
> ---
>  fs/binfmt_elf.c | 25 ++++++++++++++++++-------
>  1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf.c b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
> index f8c7f26f1fbb..911a9e7044f4 100644
> --- a/fs/binfmt_elf.c
> +++ b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
> @@ -1135,14 +1135,25 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
>  			 * is then page aligned.
>  			 */
>  			load_bias = ELF_PAGESTART(load_bias - vaddr);
> -		}
>  
> -		/*
> -		 * Calculate the entire size of the ELF mapping (total_size).
> -		 * (Note that load_addr_set is set to true later once the
> -		 * initial mapping is performed.)
> -		 */
> -		if (!load_addr_set) {
> +			/*
> +			 * Calculate the entire size of the ELF mapping
> +			 * (total_size), used for the initial mapping,
> +			 * due to first_pt_load which is set to false later
> +			 * once the initial mapping is performed.
> +			 *
> +			 * Note that this is only sensible when the LOAD
> +			 * segments are contiguous (or overlapping). If
> +			 * used for LOADs that are far apart, this would
> +			 * cause the holes between LOADs to be mapped,
> +			 * running the risk of having the mapping fail,
> +			 * as it would be larger than the ELF file itself.
> +			 *
> +			 * As a result, only ET_DYN does this, since
> +			 * some ET_EXEC (e.g. ia64) may have virtual
> +			 * memory holes between LOADs.
> +			 *
> +			 */
>  			total_size = total_mapping_size(elf_phdata,
>  							elf_ex->e_phnum);
>  			if (!total_size) {

I can confirm that this patch fixes the issue for me.

Tested-By: John Paul Adrian Glaubitz <glaubitz@...sik.fu-berlin.de>

Thanks,
Adrian

-- 
 .''`.  John Paul Adrian Glaubitz
: :' :  Debian Developer - glaubitz@...ian.org
`. `'   Freie Universitaet Berlin - glaubitz@...sik.fu-berlin.de
  `-    GPG: 62FF 8A75 84E0 2956 9546  0006 7426 3B37 F5B5 F913

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