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Date:   Thu, 31 Mar 2022 19:55:04 +0000
From:   Nick Terrell <terrelln@...com>
To:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
CC:     "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org" <linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH][next] lib: zstd: Fix Wstringop-overflow warning



> On Mar 30, 2022, at 2:43 PM, Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org> wrote:
> 
> On Wed, Mar 30, 2022 at 02:33:52PM -0500, Gustavo A. R. Silva wrote:
>> Fix the following -Wstringop-overflow warning when building with GCC-11:
>> 
>> lib/zstd/decompress/huf_decompress.c: In function ‘HUF_readDTableX2_wksp’:
>> lib/zstd/decompress/huf_decompress.c:700:5: warning: ‘HUF_fillDTableX2.constprop’ accessing 624 bytes in a region of size 52 [-Wstringop-overflow=]
>>  700 |     HUF_fillDTableX2(dt, maxTableLog,
>>      |     ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>>  701 |                    wksp->sortedSymbol, sizeOfSort,
>>      |                    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>>  702 |                    wksp->rankStart0, wksp->rankVal, maxW,
>>      |                    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>>  703 |                    tableLog+1,
>>      |                    ~~~~~~~~~~~
>>  704 |                    wksp->calleeWksp, sizeof(wksp->calleeWksp) / sizeof(U32));
>>      |                    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>> lib/zstd/decompress/huf_decompress.c:700:5: note: referencing argument 6 of type ‘U32 (*)[13]’ {aka ‘unsigned int (*)[13]’}
>> lib/zstd/decompress/huf_decompress.c:571:13: note: in a call to function ‘HUF_fillDTableX2.constprop’
>>  571 | static void HUF_fillDTableX2(HUF_DEltX2* DTable, const U32 targetLog,
>>      |             ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> 
> Reviewing this changes would be easier if the reason for the warning
> could be explained. i.e. why has GCC decided that the region is 52
> bytes, and how did it calculate the 624 bytes?
> 
> rankVal_t is HUF_TABLELOG_MAX-many rankValCol_t, which itself is
> HUF_TABLELOG_MAX + 1 many U32s. So, basically:
> 
> U32 array[HUF_TABLELOG_MAX + 1][HUF_TABLELOG_MAX]
> 
> sizeof(rankValCol_t) == 52
> sizeof(rankVal_t) == 624

Yeah, I'm not quite sure what this warning is saying. Clarification would
be useful. It seems like a false positive to me, but I could be mistaken.

>> 
>> by using pointer notation instead of array notation.
>> 
>> This helps with the ongoing efforts to globally enable
>> -Wstringop-overflow.
>> 
>> Link: https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/181
>> Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@...nel.org>
>> ---
>> lib/zstd/decompress/huf_decompress.c | 6 +++---
>> 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>> 
>> diff --git a/lib/zstd/decompress/huf_decompress.c b/lib/zstd/decompress/huf_decompress.c
>> index 5105e59ac04a..0ea34621253a 100644
>> --- a/lib/zstd/decompress/huf_decompress.c
>> +++ b/lib/zstd/decompress/huf_decompress.c
>> @@ -570,7 +570,7 @@ static void HUF_fillDTableX2Level2(HUF_DEltX2* DTable, U32 sizeLog, const U32 co
>> 
>> static void HUF_fillDTableX2(HUF_DEltX2* DTable, const U32 targetLog,
>>                            const sortedSymbol_t* sortedList, const U32 sortedListSize,
>> -                           const U32* rankStart, rankVal_t rankValOrigin, const U32 maxWeight,
>> +                           const U32* rankStart, const U32* rankValOrigin, const U32 maxWeight,
>>                            const U32 nbBitsBaseline, U32* wksp, size_t wkspSize)
> 
> This really feels like we're papering over the warning. This removes the
> type information and makes it a U32 * instead, and then later makes a
> cast?
> 
> Can this be fixed in a way that retains the type information?
> 
> On the other hand, all the arguments are also U32 *.
> 
> I see stuff like:
> 
>    ZSTD_memcpy(rankVal, rankValOrigin, sizeof(U32) * (HUF_TABLELOG_MAX + 1));
> 
> That looks like it's ignoring type information as well. i.e. why isn't
> this sizeof(rankValOrigin)? (The length above is 52 bytes.)
> 
> I'm especially curious here since rankValOrigin is rankVal_t, which is
> 624 bytes, not 52 bytes (i.e. the above is copying a single rankValCol_t
> from rankValOrigin. I'd expect this to be:
> 
>    ZSTD_memcpy(rankVal, &rankValOrigin[0], sizeof(rankValOrigin[0]));

Yes, this is definitely a better way to write it. But, I think the `&` is unnecessary.
Because of the way C arrays work, rankValOrigin == rankValOrigin[0].

Upstream, this memcpy is gone, and this code has been optimized & refactored [1].
And that will get pulled in in the next update. But, in the meantime, I'd be happy to
accept a refactoring diff.

[0] https://gcc.godbolt.org/z/orodoK818
[1] https://github.com/facebook/zstd/blob/3e6bbdd8473a753d2047969ac0053fb2cb4dda23/lib/decompress/huf_decompress.c#L992-L1036

>> {
>>     U32* rankVal = wksp;
>> @@ -598,7 +598,7 @@ static void HUF_fillDTableX2(HUF_DEltX2* DTable, const U32 targetLog,
>>             if (minWeight < 1) minWeight = 1;
>>             sortedRank = rankStart[minWeight];
>>             HUF_fillDTableX2Level2(DTable+start, targetLog-nbBits, nbBits,
>> -                           rankValOrigin[nbBits], minWeight,
>> +                           rankValOrigin + nbBits, minWeight,
> 
> And here I'd expect to pass	&rankValOrigin[nbBits]
> since HUF_fillDTableX2Level2 is doing another rankValCol_t-sized copy:
> 
>    ZSTD_memcpy(rankVal, rankValOrigin, sizeof(U32) * (HUF_TABLELOG_MAX + 1));

In HUF_fillDTableX2Level2, rankValOrigin is a rankValCol_t. It is confusing, and this
is improved upstream, though rankVal is passed as a U32 const*, where it should really
Be a rankValCol_t. So I'll put up a small PR to improve that upstream.

>>                            sortedList+sortedRank, sortedListSize-sortedRank,
>>                            nbBitsBaseline, symbol, wksp, wkspSize);
>>         } else {
>> @@ -699,7 +699,7 @@ size_t HUF_readDTableX2_wksp(HUF_DTable* DTable,
>> 
>>     HUF_fillDTableX2(dt, maxTableLog,
>>                    wksp->sortedSymbol, sizeOfSort,
>> -                   wksp->rankStart0, wksp->rankVal, maxW,
>> +                   wksp->rankStart0, (U32 *)wksp->rankVal, maxW,
> 
> It's possible the problem is with this structure:
> 
> typedef struct {
>    rankValCol_t rankVal[HUF_TABLELOG_MAX];
>    U32 rankStats[HUF_TABLELOG_MAX + 1];
>    U32 rankStart0[HUF_TABLELOG_MAX + 2];
>    sortedSymbol_t sortedSymbol[HUF_SYMBOLVALUE_MAX + 1];
>    BYTE weightList[HUF_SYMBOLVALUE_MAX + 1];
>    U32 calleeWksp[HUF_READ_STATS_WORKSPACE_SIZE_U32];
> } HUF_ReadDTableX2_Workspace;
> 
> it's not using the rankVal_t type for rankVal for some reason?
> 
> i.e. what's passed to HUF_fillDTableX2 is a rankValCol_t (52 bytes), but then it
> gets passed against later as rankVal_t (624 bytes).
> 
> Does changing the type definition above solve this more cleanly?

It would make sense to refactor it as a `rankVal_t` to me, since that is
consistent with the function signature. However, after removing typedefs,
`wksp->rankVal` should be exactly the same type as `rankVal_t`. So the
warning seems too noisy here.

Not saying that the code can't be improved, it certainly can be, and I will
put up a PR upstream by tomorrow, and link it here.

Best,
Nick Terrell

> -Kees
> 
>>                    tableLog+1,
>>                    wksp->calleeWksp, sizeof(wksp->calleeWksp) / sizeof(U32));
>> 
>> -- 
>> 2.27.0
>> 
> 
> -- 
> Kees Cook

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