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Date:   Mon, 13 Jun 2022 09:57:23 -0700
From:   Kees Cook <>
To:     Ard Biesheuvel <>
Cc:,, Marc Zyngier <>,
        Will Deacon <>,
        Mark Rutland <>,
        Catalin Marinas <>,
        Mark Brown <>,
        Anshuman Khandual <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 23/26] arm64: head: remap the kernel text/inittext
 region read-only

On Mon, Jun 13, 2022 at 04:45:47PM +0200, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> In order to be able to run with WXN from boot (which could potentially
> be under a hypervisor regime that mandates this), update the temporary
> kernel page tables with read-only attributes for the text regions before
> attempting to execute from them.
> This is rather straight-forward for 16k and 64k granule configurations,
> as the split between executable and writable regions is guaranteed to be
> aligned to the granule used for the early kernel page tables. For 4k, it
> involves installing a single table entry and populating it accordingly.
> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <>

Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <>

Kees Cook

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