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Date:   Mon, 27 Jun 2022 12:53:43 -0700
From:   Stephen Hemminger <stephen@...workplumber.org>
To:     "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>
Cc:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        x86@...nel.org, dm-devel@...hat.com,
        linux-m68k@...ts.linux-m68k.org, linux-mips@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-s390@...r.kernel.org, kvm@...r.kernel.org,
        intel-gfx@...ts.freedesktop.org, dri-devel@...ts.freedesktop.org,
        netdev@...r.kernel.org, bpf@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-btrfs@...r.kernel.org, linux-can@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux1394-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net, io-uring@...r.kernel.org,
        lvs-devel@...r.kernel.org, linux-mtd@...ts.infradead.org,
        kasan-dev@...glegroups.com, linux-mmc@...r.kernel.org,
        nvdimm@...ts.linux.dev, netfilter-devel@...r.kernel.org,
        coreteam@...filter.org, linux-perf-users@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-raid@...r.kernel.org, linux-sctp@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-stm32@...md-mailman.stormreply.com,
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org, linux-scsi@...r.kernel.org,
        target-devel@...r.kernel.org, linux-usb@...r.kernel.org,
        virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
        v9fs-developer@...ts.sourceforge.net, linux-rdma@...r.kernel.org,
        alsa-devel@...a-project.org, linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH][next] treewide: uapi: Replace zero-length arrays with
 flexible-array members

On Mon, 27 Jun 2022 20:04:32 +0200
"Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org> wrote:

> There is a regular need in the kernel to provide a way to declare
> having a dynamically sized set of trailing elements in a structure.
> Kernel code should always use “flexible array members”[1] for these
> cases. The older style of one-element or zero-length arrays should
> no longer be used[2].
> 
> This code was transformed with the help of Coccinelle:
> (linux-5.19-rc2$ spatch --jobs $(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) --sp-file script.cocci --include-headers --dir . > output.patch)
> 
> @@
> identifier S, member, array;
> type T1, T2;
> @@
> 
> struct S {
>   ...
>   T1 member;
>   T2 array[
> - 0
>   ];
> };
> 
> -fstrict-flex-arrays=3 is coming and we need to land these changes
> to prevent issues like these in the short future:
> 
> ../fs/minix/dir.c:337:3: warning: 'strcpy' will always overflow; destination buffer has size 0,
> but the source string has length 2 (including NUL byte) [-Wfortify-source]
> 		strcpy(de3->name, ".");
> 		^
> 
> Since these are all [0] to [] changes, the risk to UAPI is nearly zero. If
> this breaks anything, we can use a union with a new member name.
> 
> [1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flexible_array_member
> [2] https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/v5.16/process/deprecated.html#zero-length-and-one-element-arrays
> 
> Link: https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/78
> Build-tested-by: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/62b675ec.wKX6AOZ6cbE71vtF%25lkp@intel.com/
> Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@...nel.org>

Thanks this fixes warning with gcc-12 in iproute2.
In function ‘xfrm_algo_parse’,
    inlined from ‘xfrm_state_modify.constprop’ at xfrm_state.c:573:5:
xfrm_state.c:162:32: warning: writing 1 byte into a region of size 0 [-Wstringop-overflow=]
  162 |                         buf[j] = val;
      |                         ~~~~~~~^~~~~

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