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Date:   Tue, 28 Jun 2022 02:58:25 +0200
From:   "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>
To:     Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@...pe.ca>
Cc:     Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, x86@...nel.org, dm-devel@...hat.com,
        linux-m68k@...ts.linux-m68k.org, linux-mips@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-s390@...r.kernel.org, kvm@...r.kernel.org,
        intel-gfx@...ts.freedesktop.org, dri-devel@...ts.freedesktop.org,
        netdev@...r.kernel.org, bpf@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-btrfs@...r.kernel.org, linux-can@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux1394-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net, io-uring@...r.kernel.org,
        lvs-devel@...r.kernel.org, linux-mtd@...ts.infradead.org,
        kasan-dev@...glegroups.com, linux-mmc@...r.kernel.org,
        nvdimm@...ts.linux.dev, netfilter-devel@...r.kernel.org,
        coreteam@...filter.org, linux-perf-users@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-raid@...r.kernel.org, linux-sctp@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-stm32@...md-mailman.stormreply.com,
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org, linux-scsi@...r.kernel.org,
        target-devel@...r.kernel.org, linux-usb@...r.kernel.org,
        virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
        v9fs-developer@...ts.sourceforge.net, linux-rdma@...r.kernel.org,
        alsa-devel@...a-project.org, linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH][next] treewide: uapi: Replace zero-length arrays with
 flexible-array members

On Mon, Jun 27, 2022 at 09:40:52PM -0300, Jason Gunthorpe wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 27, 2022 at 08:27:37PM +0200, Daniel Borkmann wrote:
> > On 6/27/22 8:04 PM, Gustavo A. R. Silva wrote:
> > > There is a regular need in the kernel to provide a way to declare
> > > having a dynamically sized set of trailing elements in a structure.
> > > Kernel code should always use “flexible array members”[1] for these
> > > cases. The older style of one-element or zero-length arrays should
> > > no longer be used[2].
> > > 
> > > This code was transformed with the help of Coccinelle:
> > > (linux-5.19-rc2$ spatch --jobs $(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) --sp-file script.cocci --include-headers --dir . > output.patch)
> > > 
> > > @@
> > > identifier S, member, array;
> > > type T1, T2;
> > > @@
> > > 
> > > struct S {
> > >    ...
> > >    T1 member;
> > >    T2 array[
> > > - 0
> > >    ];
> > > };
> > > 
> > > -fstrict-flex-arrays=3 is coming and we need to land these changes
> > > to prevent issues like these in the short future:
> > > 
> > > ../fs/minix/dir.c:337:3: warning: 'strcpy' will always overflow; destination buffer has size 0,
> > > but the source string has length 2 (including NUL byte) [-Wfortify-source]
> > > 		strcpy(de3->name, ".");
> > > 		^
> > > 
> > > Since these are all [0] to [] changes, the risk to UAPI is nearly zero. If
> > > this breaks anything, we can use a union with a new member name.
> > > 
> > > [1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flexible_array_member
> > > [2] https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/v5.16/process/deprecated.html#zero-length-and-one-element-arrays
> > > 
> > > Link: https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/78
> > > Build-tested-by: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/62b675ec.wKX6AOZ6cbE71vtF%25lkp@intel.com/
> > > Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@...nel.org>
> > > ---
> > > Hi all!
> > > 
> > > JFYI: I'm adding this to my -next tree. :)
> > 
> > Fyi, this breaks BPF CI:
> > 
> > https://github.com/kernel-patches/bpf/runs/7078719372?check_suite_focus=true
> > 
> >   [...]
> >   progs/map_ptr_kern.c:314:26: error: field 'trie_key' with variable sized type 'struct bpf_lpm_trie_key' not at the end of a struct or class is a GNU extension [-Werror,-Wgnu-variable-sized-type-not-at-end]
> >           struct bpf_lpm_trie_key trie_key;
> >                                   ^
> 
> This will break the rdma-core userspace as well, with a similar
> error:
> 
> /usr/bin/clang-13 -DVERBS_DEBUG -Dibverbs_EXPORTS -Iinclude -I/usr/include/libnl3 -I/usr/include/drm -g -O2 -fdebug-prefix-map=/__w/1/s=. -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -Wmissing-prototypes -Wmissing-declarations -Wwrite-strings -Wformat=2 -Wcast-function-type -Wformat-nonliteral -Wdate-time -Wnested-externs -Wshadow -Wstrict-prototypes -Wold-style-definition -Werror -Wredundant-decls -g -fPIC   -std=gnu11 -MD -MT libibverbs/CMakeFiles/ibverbs.dir/cmd_flow.c.o -MF libibverbs/CMakeFiles/ibverbs.dir/cmd_flow.c.o.d -o libibverbs/CMakeFiles/ibverbs.dir/cmd_flow.c.o   -c ../libibverbs/cmd_flow.c
> In file included from ../libibverbs/cmd_flow.c:33:
> In file included from include/infiniband/cmd_write.h:36:
> In file included from include/infiniband/cmd_ioctl.h:41:
> In file included from include/infiniband/verbs.h:48:
> In file included from include/infiniband/verbs_api.h:66:
> In file included from include/infiniband/ib_user_ioctl_verbs.h:38:
> include/rdma/ib_user_verbs.h:436:34: error: field 'base' with variable sized type 'struct ib_uverbs_create_cq_resp' not at the end of a struct or class is a GNU extension [-Werror,-Wgnu-variable-sized-type-not-at-end]
>         struct ib_uverbs_create_cq_resp base;
>                                         ^
> include/rdma/ib_user_verbs.h:644:34: error: field 'base' with variable sized type 'struct ib_uverbs_create_qp_resp' not at the end of a struct or class is a GNU extension [-Werror,-Wgnu-variable-sized-type-not-at-end]
>         struct ib_uverbs_create_qp_resp base;
> 
> Which is why I gave up trying to change these..
> 
> Though maybe we could just switch off -Wgnu-variable-sized-type-not-at-end  during configuration ?

No. I think now we can easily workaround these sorts of problems with
something like this:

	struct flex {
		any_type any_member;
		union {
			type array[0];
			__DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(type, array_flex);
		};
	};

and use array_flex in kernel-space.

The same for the one-elment arrays in UAPI:

        struct flex {
                any_type any_member;
                union {
                        type array[1];
                        __DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY(type, array_flex);
                };
        };

I'll use the idiom above to resolve all these warnings in a follow-up
patch. :)

Thanks
--
Gustavo

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