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Date:   Sun, 17 Jul 2022 14:54:48 -0500
From:   Segher Boessenkool <segher@...nel.crashing.org>
To:     Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>
Cc:     Sudip Mukherjee <sudipm.mukherjee@...il.com>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        linux-kernel <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Paul Mackerras <paulus@...ba.org>,
        linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org,
        linuxppc-dev <linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org>
Subject: Re: mainline build failure of powerpc allmodconfig for prom_init_check

On Sun, Jul 17, 2022 at 07:44:22AM -0700, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Sun, Jul 17, 2022 at 2:13 AM Sudip Mukherjee
> <sudipm.mukherjee@...il.com> wrote:
> > I was trying to check it. With gcc-11 the assembly code generated is
> > not using memset, but using __memset.
> > But with gcc-12, I can see the assembly code is using memset. One
> > example from the assembly:
> 
> You could try making the 'args' array in 'struct prom_args' be marked
> 'volatile'.
> 
> Ie something like this:
> 
>   --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/prom_init.c
>   +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/prom_init.c
>   @@ -115,6 +115,6 @@ struct prom_args {
>            __be32 service;
>            __be32 nargs;
>            __be32 nret;
>   -          __be32 args[10];
>   +        volatile __be32 args[10];
>    };
> 
> because I think it's just the compilers turning the small loop over
> those fields into a "memset()".

Yes.  See <https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Standards.html#C-Language>
near the end:
  Most of the compiler support routines used by GCC are present in
  libgcc, but there are a few exceptions. GCC requires the freestanding
  environment provide memcpy, memmove, memset and memcmp. Finally, if
  __builtin_trap is used, and the target does not implement the trap
  pattern, then GCC emits a call to abort.

Can't we simply have a small simple implementation of these functions in
arch/powerpc/boot/?  This stuff is not performance-critical, and this is
not the first time we hit these problems.


Segher

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