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Date:   Thu, 1 Sep 2022 10:39:19 +0200
From:   Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@...ux-m68k.org>
To:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Cc:     Wolfram Sang <wsa+renesas@...g-engineering.com>,
        Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>,
        Guenter Roeck <linux@...ck-us.net>,
        Paolo Abeni <pabeni@...hat.com>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org,
        Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] string: Introduce strtomem() and strtomem_pad()

Hi Kees,

CC torvalds

Thanks for your patch!

On Thu, Sep 1, 2022 at 1:00 AM Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org> wrote:
> One of the "legitimate" uses of strncpy() is copying a NUL-terminated
> string into a fixed-size non-NUL-terminated character array. To avoid
> the weaknesses and ambiguity of intent when using strncpy(), provide
> replacement functions that explicitly distinguish between trailing
> padding and not, and require the destination buffer size be discoverable
> by the compiler.
>
> For example:
>
> struct obj {
>         int foo;
>         char small[4] __nonstring;
>         char big[8] __nonstring;
>         int bar;
> };
>
> struct obj p;
>
> /* This will truncate to 4 chars with no trailing NUL */
> strncpy(p.small, "hello", sizeof(p.small));
> /* p.small contains 'h', 'e', 'l', 'l' */
>
> /* This will NUL pad to 8 chars. */
> strncpy(p.big, "hello", sizeof(p.big));
> /* p.big contains 'h', 'e', 'l', 'l', 'o', '\0', '\0', '\0' */
>
> When the "__nonstring" attributes are missing, the intent of the
> programmer becomes ambiguous for whether the lack of a trailing NUL
> in the p.small copy is a bug. Additionally, it's not clear whether
> the trailing padding in the p.big copy is _needed_. Both cases
> become unambiguous with:
>
> strtomem(p.small, "hello");
> strtomem_pad(p.big, "hello");

strtomem_pad(p.big, "hello", 0);

> See also https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/90
>
> Expand the memcpy KUnit tests to include these functions.
>
> Cc: Wolfram Sang <wsa+renesas@...g-engineering.com>
> Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@...ux-m68k.org>
> Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@...ck-us.net>
> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>

The idea looks good to me, but I guess Linus has something to
say, too.

> --- a/include/linux/string.h
> +++ b/include/linux/string.h
> @@ -260,6 +260,49 @@ static inline const char *kbasename(const char *path)
>  void memcpy_and_pad(void *dest, size_t dest_len, const void *src, size_t count,
>                     int pad);
>
> +/**
> + * strtomem_pad - Copy NUL-terminated string to non-NUL-terminated buffer
> + *
> + * @dest: Pointer of destination character array (marked as __nonstring)
> + * @src: Pointer to NUL-terminated string
> + * @pad: Padding character to fill any remaining bytes of @dest after copy
> + *
> + * This is a replacement for strncpy() uses where the destination is not
> + * a NUL-terminated string, but with bounds checking on the source size, and
> + * an explicit padding character. If padding is not required, use strtomem().
> + *
> + * Note that the size of @dest is not an argument, as the length of @dest
> + * must be discoverable by the compiler.
> + */
> +#define strtomem_pad(dest, src, pad)   do {                            \
> +       const size_t _dest_len = __builtin_object_size(dest, 1);        \
> +                                                                       \
> +       BUILD_BUG_ON(!__builtin_constant_p(_dest_len) ||                \
> +                    _dest_len == (size_t)-1);                          \

I think you want to include __must_be_array(dest) here.

> +       memcpy_and_pad(dest, _dest_len, src, strnlen(src, _dest_len), pad); \
> +} while (0)
> +
> +/**
> + * strtomem - Copy NUL-terminated string to non-NUL-terminated buffer
> + *
> + * @dest: Pointer of destination character array (marked as __nonstring)
> + * @src: Pointer to NUL-terminated string
> + *
> + * This is a replacement for strncpy() uses where the destination is not
> + * a NUL-terminated string, but with bounds checking on the source size, and
> + * without trailing padding. If padding is required, use strtomem_pad().
> + *
> + * Note that the size of @dest is not an argument, as the length of @dest
> + * must be discoverable by the compiler.
> + */
> +#define strtomem(dest, src)    do {                                    \
> +       const size_t _dest_len = __builtin_object_size(dest, 1);        \
> +                                                                       \
> +       BUILD_BUG_ON(!__builtin_constant_p(_dest_len) ||                \
> +                    _dest_len == (size_t)-1);                          \

I think you want to include __must_be_array(dest) here.

> +       memcpy(dest, src, min(_dest_len, strnlen(src, _dest_len)));     \
> +} while (0)
> +
>  /**
>   * memset_after - Set a value after a struct member to the end of a struct
>   *
> diff --git a/lib/memcpy_kunit.c b/lib/memcpy_kunit.c
> index 62f8ffcbbaa3..2aeb8643e1b0 100644
> --- a/lib/memcpy_kunit.c
> +++ b/lib/memcpy_kunit.c
> @@ -272,10 +272,63 @@ static void memset_test(struct kunit *test)
>  #undef TEST_OP
>  }
>
> +static void strtomem_test(struct kunit *test)
> +{
> +       static const char input[] = "hi";
> +       static const char truncate[] = "this is too long";
> +       struct {
> +               unsigned long canary1;
> +               unsigned char output[sizeof(unsigned long)] __nonstring;
> +               unsigned long canary2;
> +       } wrap;
> +
> +       memset(&wrap, 0xFF, sizeof(wrap));
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, wrap.canary1, -1UL,

-1L or ULONG_MAX (everywhere)

> +                           "bad initial canary value");
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, wrap.canary2, -1UL,
> +                           "bad initial canary value");
> +
> +       /* Check unpadded copy leaves surroundings untouched. */
> +       strtomem(wrap.output, input);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.canary1, -1UL);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.output[0], input[0]);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.output[1], input[1]);
> +       for (int i = 2; i < sizeof(wrap.output); i++)

unsigned int i (everywhere)

> +               KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.output[i], 0xFF);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.canary2, -1UL);
> +
> +       /* Check truncated copy leaves surroundings untouched. */
> +       memset(&wrap, 0xFF, sizeof(wrap));
> +       strtomem(wrap.output, truncate);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.canary1, -1UL);
> +       for (int i = 0; i < sizeof(wrap.output); i++)
> +               KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.output[i], truncate[i]);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.canary2, -1UL);
> +
> +       /* Check padded copy leaves only string padded. */
> +       memset(&wrap, 0xFF, sizeof(wrap));
> +       strtomem_pad(wrap.output, input, 0xAA);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.canary1, -1UL);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.output[0], input[0]);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.output[1], input[1]);
> +       for (int i = 2; i < sizeof(wrap.output); i++)
> +               KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.output[i], 0xAA);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.canary2, -1UL);
> +
> +       /* Check truncated padded copy has no padding. */
> +       memset(&wrap, 0xFF, sizeof(wrap));
> +       strtomem(wrap.output, truncate);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.canary1, -1UL);
> +       for (int i = 0; i < sizeof(wrap.output); i++)
> +               KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.output[i], truncate[i]);
> +       KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, wrap.canary2, -1UL);
> +}
> +
>  static struct kunit_case memcpy_test_cases[] = {
>         KUNIT_CASE(memset_test),
>         KUNIT_CASE(memcpy_test),
>         KUNIT_CASE(memmove_test),
> +       KUNIT_CASE(strtomem_test),
>         {}
>  };

Gr{oetje,eeting}s,

                        Geert

--
Geert Uytterhoeven -- There's lots of Linux beyond ia32 -- geert@...ux-m68k.org

In personal conversations with technical people, I call myself a hacker. But
when I'm talking to journalists I just say "programmer" or something like that.
                                -- Linus Torvalds

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