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Date:   Tue,  6 Sep 2022 13:41:18 +0300
From:   Evgeniy Baskov <baskov@...ras.ru>
To:     Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@...nel.org>
Cc:     Evgeniy Baskov <baskov@...ras.ru>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Alexey Khoroshilov <khoroshilov@...ras.ru>,
        lvc-project@...uxtesting.org, x86@...nel.org,
        linux-efi@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH 14/16] x86/build: Make generated PE more spec compliant

Currently kernel image is not fully compliant PE image, so it may
fail to boot with stricter implementations of UEFI PE loaders.

Set minimal alignments and sizes specified by PE documentation [1]
referenced by UEFI specification [2]. Align PE header to 8 bytes.
Generate '.reloc' section with 2 entries and set reloc data directory.

To make code more readable refactor tools/build.c:
	- Use mmap() to access kernel image.
	- Generate sections dynamically.
	- Setup sections protection. Since we cannot fit every
	  needed section, set a part of protection flags
	  dynamically during initialization. This step is omitted
	  if CONFIG_EFI_DXE_MEM_ATTRIBUTES is not set.

Reduce boot sector error message size since the space for the PE header
before the zero page beginning is constrained.

Explicitly change sections permissions in efi_pe_entry in case
of incorrect EFI implementations and to reduce access rights to
compressed kernel blob. By default it is set executable due to
restriction in maximum number of sections that can fit before zero
page.

[1] https://download.microsoft.com/download/9/c/5/9c5b2167-8017-4bae-9fde-d599bac8184a/pecoff_v83.docx
[2] https://uefi.org/sites/default/files/resources/UEFI_Spec_2_9_2021_03_18.pdf

Signed-off-by: Evgeniy Baskov <baskov@...ras.ru>
---
 arch/x86/boot/Makefile                  |   2 +-
 arch/x86/boot/header.S                  | 110 +----
 arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c             | 575 +++++++++++++++---------
 drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/x86-stub.c |  63 ++-
 4 files changed, 452 insertions(+), 298 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
index ffec8bb01ba8..828eb41c2603 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
@@ -90,7 +90,7 @@ $(obj)/vmlinux.bin: $(obj)/compressed/vmlinux FORCE
 
 SETUP_OBJS = $(addprefix $(obj)/,$(setup-y))
 
-sed-zoffset := -e 's/^\([0-9a-fA-F]*\) [a-zA-Z] \(startup_32\|startup_64\|efi32_stub_entry\|efi64_stub_entry\|efi_pe_entry\|efi32_pe_entry\|input_data\|kernel_info\|_end\|_ehead\|_text\|z_.*\)$$/\#define ZO_\2 0x\1/p'
+sed-zoffset := -e 's/^\([0-9a-fA-F]*\) [a-zA-Z] \(startup_32\|startup_64\|efi32_stub_entry\|efi64_stub_entry\|efi_pe_entry\|efi32_pe_entry\|input_data\|kernel_info\|_end\|_ehead\|_text\|_rodata\|z_.*\)$$/\#define ZO_\2 0x\1/p'
 
 quiet_cmd_zoffset = ZOFFSET $@
       cmd_zoffset = $(NM) $< | sed -n $(sed-zoffset) > $@
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/header.S b/arch/x86/boot/header.S
index f912d7770130..05a75f0a1876 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/header.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/header.S
@@ -59,17 +59,16 @@ start2:
 	cld
 
 	movw	$bugger_off_msg, %si
+	movw	$bugger_off_msg_size, %cx
 
 msg_loop:
 	lodsb
-	andb	%al, %al
-	jz	bs_die
 	movb	$0xe, %ah
 	movw	$7, %bx
 	int	$0x10
-	jmp	msg_loop
+	decw	%cx
+	jnz	msg_loop
 
-bs_die:
 	# Allow the user to press a key, then reboot
 	xorw	%ax, %ax
 	int	$0x16
@@ -89,12 +88,12 @@ bs_die:
 
 	.section ".bsdata", "a"
 bugger_off_msg:
-	.ascii	"Use a boot loader.\r\n"
-	.ascii	"\n"
-	.ascii	"Remove disk and press any key to reboot...\r\n"
-	.byte	0
+	.ascii	"Use a boot loader. "
+	.ascii	"Press a key to reboot"
+	.set bugger_off_msg_size, . - bugger_off_msg
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
+	.align 8
 pe_header:
 	.long	PE_MAGIC
 
@@ -108,7 +107,7 @@ coff_header:
 	.set	pe_opt_magic, PE_OPT_MAGIC_PE32PLUS
 	.word	IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_AMD64
 #endif
-	.word	section_count			# nr_sections
+	.word	0				# nr_sections
 	.long	0 				# TimeDateStamp
 	.long	0				# PointerToSymbolTable
 	.long	1				# NumberOfSymbols
@@ -132,7 +131,7 @@ optional_header:
 	# Filled in by build.c
 	.long	0x0000				# AddressOfEntryPoint
 
-	.long	0x0200				# BaseOfCode
+	.long	0x1000				# BaseOfCode
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
 	.long	0				# data
 #endif
@@ -145,8 +144,8 @@ extra_header_fields:
 #else
 	.quad	image_base			# ImageBase
 #endif
-	.long	0x20				# SectionAlignment
-	.long	0x20				# FileAlignment
+	.long	0x1000				# SectionAlignment
+	.long	0x200				# FileAlignment
 	.word	0				# MajorOperatingSystemVersion
 	.word	0				# MinorOperatingSystemVersion
 	.word	LINUX_EFISTUB_MAJOR_VERSION	# MajorImageVersion
@@ -189,91 +188,14 @@ extra_header_fields:
 	.quad	0				# CertificationTable
 	.quad	0				# BaseRelocationTable
 
-	# Section table
-section_table:
-	#
-	# The offset & size fields are filled in by build.c.
-	#
-	.ascii	".setup"
-	.byte	0
-	.byte	0
-	.long	0
-	.long	0x0				# startup_{32,64}
-	.long	0				# Size of initialized data
-						# on disk
-	.long	0x0				# startup_{32,64}
-	.long	0				# PointerToRelocations
-	.long	0				# PointerToLineNumbers
-	.word	0				# NumberOfRelocations
-	.word	0				# NumberOfLineNumbers
-	.long	IMAGE_SCN_CNT_CODE		| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ		| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE		| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_16BYTES		# Characteristics
-
-	#
-	# The EFI application loader requires a relocation section
-	# because EFI applications must be relocatable. The .reloc
-	# offset & size fields are filled in by build.c.
 	#
-	.ascii	".reloc"
-	.byte	0
-	.byte	0
-	.long	0
-	.long	0
-	.long	0				# SizeOfRawData
-	.long	0				# PointerToRawData
-	.long	0				# PointerToRelocations
-	.long	0				# PointerToLineNumbers
-	.word	0				# NumberOfRelocations
-	.word	0				# NumberOfLineNumbers
-	.long	IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA	| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ		| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE	| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_1BYTES		# Characteristics
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
-	#
-	# The offset & size fields are filled in by build.c.
+	# Section table
+	# It is generated by build.c and here we just need
+	# to reserve some space for sections
 	#
-	.asciz	".compat"
-	.long	0
-	.long	0x0
-	.long	0				# Size of initialized data
-						# on disk
-	.long	0x0
-	.long	0				# PointerToRelocations
-	.long	0				# PointerToLineNumbers
-	.word	0				# NumberOfRelocations
-	.word	0				# NumberOfLineNumbers
-	.long	IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA	| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ		| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE	| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_1BYTES		# Characteristics
-#endif
+section_table:
+	.fill 40*5, 1, 0
 
-	#
-	# The offset & size fields are filled in by build.c.
-	#
-	.ascii	".text"
-	.byte	0
-	.byte	0
-	.byte	0
-	.long	0
-	.long	0x0				# startup_{32,64}
-	.long	0				# Size of initialized data
-						# on disk
-	.long	0x0				# startup_{32,64}
-	.long	0				# PointerToRelocations
-	.long	0				# PointerToLineNumbers
-	.word	0				# NumberOfRelocations
-	.word	0				# NumberOfLineNumbers
-	.long	IMAGE_SCN_CNT_CODE		| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ		| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE		| \
-		IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_16BYTES		# Characteristics
-
-	.set	section_count, (. - section_table) / 40
 #endif /* CONFIG_EFI_STUB */
 
 	# Kernel attributes; used by setup.  This is part 1 of the
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c b/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
index a3725ad46c5a..dc3a1efb290e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
@@ -40,6 +40,8 @@ typedef unsigned char  u8;
 typedef unsigned short u16;
 typedef unsigned int   u32;
 
+#define round_up(x, n) (((x) + (n) - 1) & ~((n) - 1))
+
 #define DEFAULT_MAJOR_ROOT 0
 #define DEFAULT_MINOR_ROOT 0
 #define DEFAULT_ROOT_DEV (DEFAULT_MAJOR_ROOT << 8 | DEFAULT_MINOR_ROOT)
@@ -59,12 +61,74 @@ u8 buf[SETUP_SECT_MAX*512];
 #define PECOFF_COMPAT_RESERVE 0x0
 #endif
 
+#define PARAGRAPH_SIZE 16
+#define SECTOR_SIZE 512
+#define FILE_ALIGNMENT 512
+#define SECTION_ALIGNMENT 4096
+
+#define RELOC_SECTION_SIZE 12
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
+#define COMPAT_SECTION_SIZE 8
+#else
+#define COMPAT_SECTION_SIZE 0
+#endif
+
+#define DOS_PECOFF_HEADER_OFFSET 0x3c
+
+#define PECOFF_CODE_SIZE_OFFSET 0x1c
+#define PECOFF_DATA_SIZE_OFFSET 0x20
+#define PECOFF_IMAGE_SIZE_OFFSET 0x50
+#define PECOFF_ENTRY_POINT_OFFSET 0x28
+#define PECOFF_SECTIONS_COUNT_OFFSET 0x6
+#define PECOFF_BASE_OF_CODE_OFFSET 0x2c
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+#define PECOFF_SECTION_TABLE_OFFSET 0xa8
+#define PECOFF_RELOC_DIR_OFFSET 0xa0
+#else
+#define PECOFF_SECTION_TABLE_OFFSET 0xb8
+#define PECOFF_RELOC_DIR_OFFSET 0xb0
+#endif
+
+#define PECOFF_SECTION_SIZE 0x28
+
+#define PECOFF_SCN_NAME_OFFSET 0x0
+#define PECOFF_SCN_NAME_SIZE 8
+#define PECOFF_SCN_MEMSZ_OFFSET 0x8
+#define PECOFF_SCN_VADDR_OFFSET 0xc
+#define PECOFF_SCN_FILESZ_OFFSET 0x10
+#define PECOFF_SCN_OFFSET_OFFSET 0x14
+#define PECOFF_SCN_FLAGS_OFFSET 0x24
+
+#define IMAGE_SCN_CNT_CODE	0x00000020 /* .text */
+#define IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA 0x00000040 /* .data */
+#define IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_512BYTES 0x00a00000
+#define IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_4096BYTES 0x00d00000
+#define IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE 0x02000000 /* scn can be discarded */
+#define IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE	0x20000000 /* can be executed as code */
+#define IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ	0x40000000 /* readable */
+#define IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE	0x80000000 /* writeable */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_DXE_MEM_ATTRIBUTES
+#define SCN_RW (IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ | IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE | IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_4096BYTES)
+#define SCN_RX (IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ | IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE | IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_4096BYTES)
+#define SCN_RO (IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ | IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_4096BYTES)
+#else
+/* With memory protection disabled all sections are RWX */
+#define SCN_RW (IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ | IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE | \
+		IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE | IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_4096BYTES)
+#define SCN_RX SCN_RW
+#define SCN_RO SCN_RW
+#endif
+
 static unsigned long efi32_stub_entry;
 static unsigned long efi64_stub_entry;
 static unsigned long efi_pe_entry;
 static unsigned long efi32_pe_entry;
 static unsigned long kernel_info;
 static unsigned long startup_64;
+static unsigned long _rodata;
 static unsigned long _ehead;
 static unsigned long _end;
 
@@ -152,91 +216,126 @@ static void usage(void)
 	die("Usage: build setup system zoffset.h image");
 }
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
-
-static void update_pecoff_section_header_fields(char *section_name, u32 vma, u32 size, u32 datasz, u32 offset)
+static void *map_file(const char *path, size_t *psize)
 {
-	unsigned int pe_header;
-	unsigned short num_sections;
-	u8 *section;
-
-	pe_header = get_unaligned_le32(&buf[0x3c]);
-	num_sections = get_unaligned_le16(&buf[pe_header + 6]);
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
-	section = &buf[pe_header + 0xa8];
-#else
-	section = &buf[pe_header + 0xb8];
-#endif
-
-	while (num_sections > 0) {
-		if (strncmp((char*)section, section_name, 8) == 0) {
-			/* section header size field */
-			put_unaligned_le32(size, section + 0x8);
+	struct stat statbuf;
+	size_t size;
+	void *addr;
+	int fd;
 
-			/* section header vma field */
-			put_unaligned_le32(vma, section + 0xc);
+	fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
+	if (fd < 0)
+		die("Unable to open `%s': %m", path);
+	if (fstat(fd, &statbuf))
+		die("Unable to stat `%s': %m", path);
 
-			/* section header 'size of initialised data' field */
-			put_unaligned_le32(datasz, section + 0x10);
+	size = statbuf.st_size;
+	/*
+	 * Map one byte more, to allow adding null-terminator
+	 * for text files.
+	 */
+	addr = mmap(NULL, size + 1, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
+	if (addr == MAP_FAILED)
+		die("Unable to mmap '%s': %m", path);
 
-			/* section header 'file offset' field */
-			put_unaligned_le32(offset, section + 0x14);
+	close(fd);
 
-			break;
-		}
-		section += 0x28;
-		num_sections--;
-	}
+	*psize = size;
+	return addr;
 }
 
-static void update_pecoff_section_header(char *section_name, u32 offset, u32 size)
+static void unmap_file(void *addr, size_t size)
 {
-	update_pecoff_section_header_fields(section_name, offset, size, size, offset);
+	munmap(addr, size + 1);
 }
 
-static void update_pecoff_setup_and_reloc(unsigned int size)
+static void *map_output_file(const char *path, size_t size)
 {
-	u32 setup_offset = 0x200;
-	u32 reloc_offset = size - PECOFF_RELOC_RESERVE - PECOFF_COMPAT_RESERVE;
-#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
-	u32 compat_offset = reloc_offset + PECOFF_RELOC_RESERVE;
-#endif
-	u32 setup_size = reloc_offset - setup_offset;
+	void *addr;
+	int fd;
 
-	update_pecoff_section_header(".setup", setup_offset, setup_size);
-	update_pecoff_section_header(".reloc", reloc_offset, PECOFF_RELOC_RESERVE);
+	fd = open(path, O_RDWR | O_CREAT, 0660);
+	if (fd < 0)
+		die("Unable to create `%s': %m", path);
 
-	/*
-	 * Modify .reloc section contents with a single entry. The
-	 * relocation is applied to offset 10 of the relocation section.
-	 */
-	put_unaligned_le32(reloc_offset + 10, &buf[reloc_offset]);
-	put_unaligned_le32(10, &buf[reloc_offset + 4]);
+	if (ftruncate(fd, size))
+		die("Unable to resize `%s': %m", path);
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
-	update_pecoff_section_header(".compat", compat_offset, PECOFF_COMPAT_RESERVE);
+	addr = mmap(NULL, size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
+	if (addr == MAP_FAILED)
+		die("Unable to mmap '%s': %m", path);
 
-	/*
-	 * Put the IA-32 machine type (0x14c) and the associated entry point
-	 * address in the .compat section, so loaders can figure out which other
-	 * execution modes this image supports.
-	 */
-	buf[compat_offset] = 0x1;
-	buf[compat_offset + 1] = 0x8;
-	put_unaligned_le16(0x14c, &buf[compat_offset + 2]);
-	put_unaligned_le32(efi32_pe_entry + size, &buf[compat_offset + 4]);
-#endif
+	return addr;
 }
 
-static void update_pecoff_text(unsigned int text_start, unsigned int file_sz,
-			       unsigned int init_sz)
+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
+
+static unsigned int reloc_offset;
+static unsigned int compat_offset;
+
+#define MAX_SECTIONS 5
+
+static void emit_pecoff_section(const char *section_name, unsigned int size,
+				unsigned int bss, unsigned int *file_offset,
+				unsigned int *mem_offset, u32 flags)
 {
+	unsigned int section_memsz, section_filesz;
 	unsigned int pe_header;
-	unsigned int text_sz = file_sz - text_start;
-	unsigned int bss_sz = init_sz - file_sz;
+	unsigned short num_sections;
+	u8 *pnum_sections;
+	u8 *section;
+
+	pe_header = get_unaligned_le32(&buf[DOS_PECOFF_HEADER_OFFSET]);
+	pnum_sections = &buf[pe_header + PECOFF_SECTIONS_COUNT_OFFSET];
+	num_sections = get_unaligned_le16(pnum_sections);
+	if (num_sections >= MAX_SECTIONS)
+		die("Not enough space to generate all sections");
+
+	section = &buf[pe_header + PECOFF_SECTION_TABLE_OFFSET];
+	section += PECOFF_SECTION_SIZE * num_sections;
+
+	if ((size & (FILE_ALIGNMENT - 1)) || (bss & (FILE_ALIGNMENT - 1)))
+		die("Section '%s' is improperly aligned", section_name);
+
+	section_memsz = round_up(size + bss, SECTION_ALIGNMENT);
+	section_filesz = round_up(size, FILE_ALIGNMENT);
+
+	/* Zero out all section fields */
+	memset(section, 0, PECOFF_SECTION_SIZE);
+
+	/* Section header size field */
+	strncpy((char *)(section + PECOFF_SCN_NAME_OFFSET),
+		section_name, PECOFF_SCN_NAME_SIZE);
 
-	pe_header = get_unaligned_le32(&buf[0x3c]);
+	put_unaligned_le32(section_memsz, section + PECOFF_SCN_MEMSZ_OFFSET);
+	put_unaligned_le32(*mem_offset, section + PECOFF_SCN_VADDR_OFFSET);
+	put_unaligned_le32(section_filesz, section + PECOFF_SCN_FILESZ_OFFSET);
+	put_unaligned_le32(*file_offset, section + PECOFF_SCN_OFFSET_OFFSET);
+	put_unaligned_le32(flags, section + PECOFF_SCN_FLAGS_OFFSET);
+
+	put_unaligned_le16(num_sections + 1, pnum_sections);
+
+	*mem_offset += section_memsz;
+	*file_offset += section_filesz;
+
+}
+
+#define BASE_RVA 0x1000
+
+static unsigned int update_pecoff_sections(unsigned int setup_size,
+					   unsigned int file_size,
+					   unsigned int init_size,
+					   unsigned int text_size)
+{
+	/* First section starts at 512 byes, after PE header */
+	unsigned int mem_offset = BASE_RVA, file_offset = SECTOR_SIZE;
+	unsigned int compat_size, reloc_size, image_size, text_rva;
+	unsigned int pe_header, bss_size, text_rva_diff, reloc_rva;
+
+	pe_header = get_unaligned_le32(&buf[DOS_PECOFF_HEADER_OFFSET]);
+
+	if (get_unaligned_le32(&buf[pe_header + PECOFF_SECTIONS_COUNT_OFFSET]))
+		die("Some sections present in PE file");
 
 	/*
 	 * The PE/COFF loader may load the image at an address which is
@@ -247,42 +346,121 @@ static void update_pecoff_text(unsigned int text_start, unsigned int file_sz,
 	 * add slack to allow the buffer to be aligned within the declared size
 	 * of the image.
 	 */
-	bss_sz	+= CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN;
-	init_sz	+= CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN;
+	init_size += CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN;
+	image_size = init_size;
+
+	reloc_size = round_up(RELOC_SECTION_SIZE, FILE_ALIGNMENT);
+	compat_size = round_up(COMPAT_SECTION_SIZE, FILE_ALIGNMENT);
+
+	/*
+	 * Let's remove extra memory used by special sections
+	 * and use it as a part of bss.
+	 */
+	init_size -= round_up(reloc_size, SECTION_ALIGNMENT);
+	init_size -= round_up(compat_size, SECTION_ALIGNMENT);
+	if (init_size < file_size + setup_size) {
+		init_size = file_size + setup_size;
+		image_size += round_up(reloc_size, SECTION_ALIGNMENT);
+		image_size += round_up(compat_size, SECTION_ALIGNMENT);
+	}
 
 	/*
-	 * Size of code: Subtract the size of the first sector (512 bytes)
-	 * which includes the header.
+	 * Update sections offsets.
+	 * NOTE: Order is important
 	 */
-	put_unaligned_le32(file_sz - 512 + bss_sz, &buf[pe_header + 0x1c]);
 
-	/* Size of image */
-	put_unaligned_le32(init_sz, &buf[pe_header + 0x50]);
+	bss_size = init_size - file_size - setup_size;
+
+	emit_pecoff_section(".setup", setup_size - SECTOR_SIZE, 0,
+			    &file_offset, &mem_offset, SCN_RO |
+			    IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA);
+
+	text_rva_diff = mem_offset - file_offset;
+	text_rva = mem_offset;
+	emit_pecoff_section(".text", text_size, 0,
+			    &file_offset, &mem_offset, SCN_RX |
+			    IMAGE_SCN_CNT_CODE);
+
+	/* Check that kernel sections mapping is contiguous */
+	if (text_rva_diff != mem_offset - file_offset)
+		die("Kernel sections mapping is wrong: %#x != %#x",
+		    mem_offset - file_offset, text_rva_diff);
+
+	emit_pecoff_section(".data", file_size - text_size, bss_size,
+			    &file_offset, &mem_offset, SCN_RW |
+			    IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA);
+
+	reloc_offset = file_offset;
+	reloc_rva = mem_offset;
+	emit_pecoff_section(".reloc", reloc_size, 0,
+			    &file_offset, &mem_offset, SCN_RW |
+			    IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA |
+			    IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE);
+
+	compat_offset = file_offset;
+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
+	emit_pecoff_section(".comat", compat_size, 0,
+			    &file_offset, &mem_offset, SCN_RW |
+			    IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA |
+			    IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE);
+#endif
+
+	if (file_size + setup_size + reloc_size + compat_size != file_offset)
+		die("file_size(%#x) != filesz(%#x)",
+		    file_size + setup_size + reloc_size + compat_size, file_offset);
+
+	/* Size of code. */
+	put_unaligned_le32(round_up(text_size, SECTION_ALIGNMENT),
+			   &buf[pe_header + PECOFF_CODE_SIZE_OFFSET]);
+	/*
+	 * Size of data.
+	 * Exclude text size and first sector, which contains PE header.
+	 */
+	put_unaligned_le32(mem_offset - round_up(text_size, SECTION_ALIGNMENT),
+			   &buf[pe_header + PECOFF_DATA_SIZE_OFFSET]);
+
+	/* Size of image. */
+	put_unaligned_le32(mem_offset, &buf[pe_header + PECOFF_IMAGE_SIZE_OFFSET]);
 
 	/*
 	 * Address of entry point for PE/COFF executable
 	 */
-	put_unaligned_le32(text_start + efi_pe_entry, &buf[pe_header + 0x28]);
+	put_unaligned_le32(text_rva + efi_pe_entry, &buf[pe_header + PECOFF_ENTRY_POINT_OFFSET]);
 
-	update_pecoff_section_header_fields(".text", text_start, text_sz + bss_sz,
-					    text_sz, text_start);
-}
+	/*
+	 * BaseOfCode for PE/COFF executable
+	 */
+	put_unaligned_le32(text_rva, &buf[pe_header + PECOFF_BASE_OF_CODE_OFFSET]);
 
-static int reserve_pecoff_reloc_section(int c)
-{
-	/* Reserve 0x20 bytes for .reloc section */
-	memset(buf+c, 0, PECOFF_RELOC_RESERVE);
-	return PECOFF_RELOC_RESERVE;
+	/*
+	 * Since we have generated .reloc section, we need to
+	 * fill-in Reloc directory
+	 */
+	put_unaligned_le32(reloc_rva, &buf[pe_header + PECOFF_RELOC_DIR_OFFSET]);
+	put_unaligned_le32(RELOC_SECTION_SIZE, &buf[pe_header + PECOFF_RELOC_DIR_OFFSET + 4]);
+
+	return file_offset;
 }
 
-static void efi_stub_defaults(void)
+static void generate_pecoff_section_data(u8 *output, unsigned int setup_size)
 {
-	/* Defaults for old kernel */
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
-	efi_pe_entry = 0x10;
-#else
-	efi_pe_entry = 0x210;
-	startup_64 = 0x200;
+	/*
+	 * Modify .reloc section contents with a two entries. The
+	 * relocation is applied to offset 10 of the relocation section.
+	 */
+	put_unaligned_le32(reloc_offset + RELOC_SECTION_SIZE, &output[reloc_offset]);
+	put_unaligned_le32(RELOC_SECTION_SIZE, &output[reloc_offset + 4]);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
+	/*
+	 * Put the IA-32 machine type (0x14c) and the associated entry point
+	 * address in the .compat section, so loaders can figure out which other
+	 * execution modes this image supports.
+	 */
+	output[compat_offset] = 0x1;
+	output[compat_offset + 1] = 0x8;
+	put_unaligned_le16(0x14c, &output[compat_offset + 2]);
+	put_unaligned_le32(efi32_pe_entry + setup_size, &output[compat_offset + 4]);
 #endif
 }
 
@@ -297,33 +475,27 @@ static void efi_stub_entry_update(void)
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
 	if (efi32_stub_entry != addr)
-		die("32-bit and 64-bit EFI entry points do not match\n");
+		die("32-bit and 64-bit EFI entry points do not match");
 #endif
 	put_unaligned_le32(addr, &buf[0x264]);
 }
 
+static void efi_stub_update_defaults(void)
+{
+	/* Defaults for old kernel */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+	efi_pe_entry = 0x10;
+#else
+	efi_pe_entry = 0x210;
+	startup_64 = 0x200;
+#endif
+}
 #else
 
-static inline void update_pecoff_setup_and_reloc(unsigned int size) {}
-static inline void update_pecoff_text(unsigned int text_start,
-				      unsigned int file_sz,
-				      unsigned int init_sz) {}
-static inline void efi_stub_defaults(void) {}
-static inline void efi_stub_entry_update(void) {}
+static void efi_stub_update_defaults(void) {}
 
-static inline int reserve_pecoff_reloc_section(int c)
-{
-	return 0;
-}
 #endif /* CONFIG_EFI_STUB */
 
-static int reserve_pecoff_compat_section(int c)
-{
-	/* Reserve 0x20 bytes for .compat section */
-	memset(buf+c, 0, PECOFF_COMPAT_RESERVE);
-	return PECOFF_COMPAT_RESERVE;
-}
-
 /*
  * Parse zoffset.h and find the entry points. We could just #include zoffset.h
  * but that would mean tools/build would have to be rebuilt every time. It's
@@ -336,20 +508,15 @@ static int reserve_pecoff_compat_section(int c)
 
 static void parse_zoffset(char *fname)
 {
-	FILE *file;
-	char *p;
-	int c;
+	size_t size;
+	char *data, *p;
 
-	file = fopen(fname, "r");
-	if (!file)
-		die("Unable to open `%s': %m", fname);
-	c = fread(buf, 1, sizeof(buf) - 1, file);
-	if (ferror(file))
-		die("read-error on `zoffset.h'");
-	fclose(file);
-	buf[c] = 0;
+	data = map_file(fname, &size);
+
+	/* We can do that, since we mapped one byte more */
+	data[size] = 0;
 
-	p = (char *)buf;
+	p = (char *)data;
 
 	while (p && *p) {
 		PARSE_ZOFS(p, efi32_stub_entry);
@@ -358,6 +525,7 @@ static void parse_zoffset(char *fname)
 		PARSE_ZOFS(p, efi32_pe_entry);
 		PARSE_ZOFS(p, kernel_info);
 		PARSE_ZOFS(p, startup_64);
+		PARSE_ZOFS(p, _rodata);
 		PARSE_ZOFS(p, _ehead);
 		PARSE_ZOFS(p, _end);
 
@@ -365,82 +533,93 @@ static void parse_zoffset(char *fname)
 		while (p && (*p == '\r' || *p == '\n'))
 			p++;
 	}
+
+	unmap_file(data, size);
 }
 
-int main(int argc, char ** argv)
+static unsigned int read_setup(char *path)
 {
-	unsigned int i, sz, setup_sectors, init_sz;
-	int c;
-	u32 sys_size;
-	struct stat sb;
-	FILE *file, *dest;
-	int fd;
-	void *kernel;
-	u32 crc = 0xffffffffUL;
-
-	efi_stub_defaults();
-
-	if (argc != 5)
-		usage();
-	parse_zoffset(argv[3]);
-
-	dest = fopen(argv[4], "w");
-	if (!dest)
-		die("Unable to write `%s': %m", argv[4]);
+	FILE *file;
+	unsigned int setup_size, file_size;
 
 	/* Copy the setup code */
-	file = fopen(argv[1], "r");
+	file = fopen(path, "r");
 	if (!file)
-		die("Unable to open `%s': %m", argv[1]);
-	c = fread(buf, 1, sizeof(buf), file);
+		die("Unable to open `%s': %m", path);
+
+	file_size = fread(buf, 1, sizeof(buf), file);
 	if (ferror(file))
 		die("read-error on `setup'");
-	if (c < 1024)
+
+	if (file_size < 2 * SECTOR_SIZE)
 		die("The setup must be at least 1024 bytes");
-	if (get_unaligned_le16(&buf[510]) != 0xAA55)
+
+	if (get_unaligned_le16(&buf[SECTOR_SIZE - 2]) != 0xAA55)
 		die("Boot block hasn't got boot flag (0xAA55)");
-	fclose(file);
 
-	c += reserve_pecoff_compat_section(c);
-	c += reserve_pecoff_reloc_section(c);
+	fclose(file);
 
 	/* Pad unused space with zeros */
-	setup_sectors = (c + 511) / 512;
-	if (setup_sectors < SETUP_SECT_MIN)
-		setup_sectors = SETUP_SECT_MIN;
-	i = setup_sectors*512;
-	memset(buf+c, 0, i-c);
+	setup_size = round_up(file_size, SECTOR_SIZE);
+
+	if (setup_size < SETUP_SECT_MIN * SECTOR_SIZE)
+		setup_size = SETUP_SECT_MIN * SECTOR_SIZE;
 
-	update_pecoff_setup_and_reloc(i);
+	/*
+	 * Global buffer is already initialised
+	 * to 0, but just in case, zero out padding.
+	 */
+
+	memset(buf + file_size, 0, setup_size - file_size);
+
+	return setup_size;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	size_t kern_file_size;
+	unsigned int setup_size;
+	unsigned int setup_sectors;
+	unsigned int init_size;
+	unsigned int total_size;
+	unsigned int kern_size;
+	void *kernel;
+	u32 crc = 0xffffffffUL;
+	u8 *output;
+
+	if (argc != 5)
+		usage();
+
+	efi_stub_update_defaults();
+	parse_zoffset(argv[3]);
+
+	setup_size = read_setup(argv[1]);
+
+	setup_sectors = setup_size/SECTOR_SIZE;
 
 	/* Set the default root device */
 	put_unaligned_le16(DEFAULT_ROOT_DEV, &buf[508]);
 
-	/* Open and stat the kernel file */
-	fd = open(argv[2], O_RDONLY);
-	if (fd < 0)
-		die("Unable to open `%s': %m", argv[2]);
-	if (fstat(fd, &sb))
-		die("Unable to stat `%s': %m", argv[2]);
-	sz = sb.st_size;
-	kernel = mmap(NULL, sz, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
-	if (kernel == MAP_FAILED)
-		die("Unable to mmap '%s': %m", argv[2]);
-	/* Number of 16-byte paragraphs, including space for a 4-byte CRC */
-	sys_size = (sz + 15 + 4) / 16;
+	/* Map kernel file to memory */
+	kernel = map_file(argv[2], &kern_file_size);
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
-	/*
-	 * COFF requires minimum 32-byte alignment of sections, and
-	 * adding a signature is problematic without that alignment.
-	 */
-	sys_size = (sys_size + 1) & ~1;
+	/* PE specification require 512-byte minimum section file alignment */
+	kern_size = round_up(kern_file_size + 4, SECTOR_SIZE);
+#else
+	/* Number of 16-byte paragraphs, including space for a 4-byte CRC */
+	kern_size = round_up(kern_file_size + 4, PARAGRAPH_SIZE);
 #endif
 
 	/* Patch the setup code with the appropriate size parameters */
-	buf[0x1f1] = setup_sectors-1;
-	put_unaligned_le32(sys_size, &buf[0x1f4]);
+	buf[0x1f1] = setup_sectors - 1;
+	put_unaligned_le32(kern_size/PARAGRAPH_SIZE, &buf[0x1f4]);
+
+	/* Update kernel_info offset. */
+	put_unaligned_le32(kernel_info, &buf[0x268]);
+
+	init_size = get_unaligned_le32(&buf[0x260]);
 
-	init_sz = get_unaligned_le32(&buf[0x260]);
 #ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
 	/*
 	 * The decompression buffer will start at ImageBase. When relocating
@@ -456,45 +635,39 @@ int main(int argc, char ** argv)
 	 * For future-proofing, increase init_sz if necessary.
 	 */
 
-	if (init_sz - _end < i + _ehead) {
-		init_sz = (i + _ehead + _end + 4095) & ~4095;
-		put_unaligned_le32(init_sz, &buf[0x260]);
+	if (init_size - _end < setup_size + _ehead) {
+		init_size = round_up(setup_size + _ehead + _end, SECTION_ALIGNMENT);
+		put_unaligned_le32(init_size, &buf[0x260]);
 	}
-#endif
-	update_pecoff_text(setup_sectors * 512, i + (sys_size * 16), init_sz);
 
-	efi_stub_entry_update();
+	total_size = update_pecoff_sections(setup_size, kern_size, init_size, _rodata);
 
-	/* Update kernel_info offset. */
-	put_unaligned_le32(kernel_info, &buf[0x268]);
+	efi_stub_entry_update();
+#else
+	(void)init_size;
+	total_size = setup_size + kern_size;
+#endif
 
-	crc = partial_crc32(buf, i, crc);
-	if (fwrite(buf, 1, i, dest) != i)
-		die("Writing setup failed");
+	output = map_output_file(argv[4], total_size);
 
-	/* Copy the kernel code */
-	crc = partial_crc32(kernel, sz, crc);
-	if (fwrite(kernel, 1, sz, dest) != sz)
-		die("Writing kernel failed");
+	memcpy(output, buf, setup_size);
+	memcpy(output + setup_size, kernel, kern_file_size);
+	memset(output + setup_size + kern_file_size, 0, kern_size - kern_file_size);
 
-	/* Add padding leaving 4 bytes for the checksum */
-	while (sz++ < (sys_size*16) - 4) {
-		crc = partial_crc32_one('\0', crc);
-		if (fwrite("\0", 1, 1, dest) != 1)
-			die("Writing padding failed");
-	}
+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
+	generate_pecoff_section_data(output, setup_size);
+#endif
 
-	/* Write the CRC */
-	put_unaligned_le32(crc, buf);
-	if (fwrite(buf, 1, 4, dest) != 4)
-		die("Writing CRC failed");
+	/* Calculate and write kernel checksum. */
+	crc = partial_crc32(output, total_size - 4, crc);
+	put_unaligned_le32(crc, &output[total_size - 4]);
 
-	/* Catch any delayed write failures */
-	if (fclose(dest))
-		die("Writing image failed");
+	/* Catch any delayed write failures. */
+	if (munmap(output, total_size) < 0)
+		die("Writing kernel failed");
 
-	close(fd);
+	unmap_file(kernel, kern_file_size);
 
-	/* Everything is OK */
+	/* Everything is OK. */
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/x86-stub.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/x86-stub.c
index 680184034cb7..914106d547a6 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/x86-stub.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/x86-stub.c
@@ -392,6 +392,60 @@ static void __noreturn efi_exit(efi_handle_t handle, efi_status_t status)
 		asm("hlt");
 }
 
+
+/*
+ * Manually setup memory protection attributes for each ELF section
+ * since we cannot do it properly by using PE sections.
+ */
+static void setup_sections_memory_protection(void *image_base,
+					     unsigned long init_size)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_DXE_MEM_ATTRIBUTES
+	efi_dxe_table = get_efi_config_table(EFI_DXE_SERVICES_TABLE_GUID);
+
+	if (!efi_dxe_table ||
+	    efi_dxe_table->hdr.signature != EFI_DXE_SERVICES_TABLE_SIGNATURE) {
+		efi_warn("Unable to locate EFI DXE services table\n");
+		efi_dxe_table = NULL;
+		return;
+	}
+
+	extern char _head[], _ehead[];
+	extern char _compressed[], _ecompressed[];
+	extern char _text[], _etext[];
+	extern char _rodata[], _erodata[];
+	extern char _data[];
+
+	/* .setup [image_base, _head] */
+	efi_adjust_memory_range_protection((unsigned long)image_base,
+					   (unsigned long)_head - (unsigned long)image_base,
+					   EFI_MEMORY_RO | EFI_MEMORY_XP);
+	/* .head.text [_head, _ehead] */
+	efi_adjust_memory_range_protection((unsigned long)_head,
+					   (unsigned long)_ehead - (unsigned long)_head,
+					   EFI_MEMORY_RO);
+	/* .rodata..compressed [_compressed, _ecompressed] */
+	efi_adjust_memory_range_protection((unsigned long)_compressed,
+					   (unsigned long)_ecompressed - (unsigned long)_compressed,
+					   EFI_MEMORY_RO | EFI_MEMORY_XP);
+	/* .text [_text, _etext] */
+	efi_adjust_memory_range_protection((unsigned long)_text,
+					   (unsigned long)_etext - (unsigned long)_text,
+					   EFI_MEMORY_RO);
+	/* .rodata [_rodata, _erodata] */
+	efi_adjust_memory_range_protection((unsigned long)_rodata,
+					   (unsigned long)_erodata - (unsigned long)_rodata,
+					   EFI_MEMORY_RO | EFI_MEMORY_XP);
+	/* .data, .bss [_data, image_base + init_size] */
+	efi_adjust_memory_range_protection((unsigned long)_data,
+					   (unsigned long)image_base + init_size - (unsigned long)_rodata,
+					   EFI_MEMORY_XP);
+#else
+	(void)image_base;
+	(void)init_size;
+#endif
+}
+
 void __noreturn efi_stub_entry(efi_handle_t handle,
 			       efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
 			       struct boot_params *boot_params);
@@ -438,10 +492,15 @@ efi_status_t __efiapi efi_pe_entry(efi_handle_t handle,
 
 	hdr = &boot_params->hdr;
 
-	/* Copy the setup header from the second sector to boot_params */
-	memcpy(&hdr->jump, image_base + 512,
+	/*
+	 * Copy the setup header from the second sector
+	 * (mapped to image_base + 0x1000) to boot_params
+	 */
+	memcpy(&hdr->jump, image_base + 0x1000,
 	       sizeof(struct setup_header) - offsetof(struct setup_header, jump));
 
+	setup_sections_memory_protection(image_base, hdr->init_size);
+
 	/*
 	 * Fill out some of the header fields ourselves because the
 	 * EFI firmware loader doesn't load the first sector.
-- 
2.35.1

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