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Date:   Wed, 21 Sep 2022 20:46:47 -0700
From:   Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
To:     Siddhesh Poyarekar <siddhesh@...plt.org>
Cc:     linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org,
        Nathan Chancellor <nathan@...nel.org>,
        Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>, Juergen Gross <jgross@...e.com>,
        Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@...cle.com>,
        Tom Rix <trix@...hat.com>, Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@...nel.org>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, llvm@...ts.linux.dev
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/4] fortify: Explicitly check bounds are compile-time
 constants

On Wed, Sep 21, 2022 at 07:48:44AM -0400, Siddhesh Poyarekar wrote:
> On 2022-09-20 15:22, Kees Cook wrote:
> > In preparation for replacing __builtin_object_size() with
> > __builtin_dynamic_object_size(), all the compile-time size checks need
> > to check that the bounds variables are, in fact, known at compile-time.
> > Enforce what was guaranteed with __bos(). In other words, since all uses
> > of __bos() were constant expressions, it was not required to test for
> > this. When these change to __bdos(), they _may_ be constant expressions,
> > and the checks are only valid when the prior condition holds. This
> > results in no binary differences.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
> > ---
> >   include/linux/fortify-string.h | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++-------------
> >   1 file changed, 31 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/include/linux/fortify-string.h b/include/linux/fortify-string.h
> > index ff879efe94ed..71c0a432c638 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/fortify-string.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/fortify-string.h
> > @@ -80,6 +80,12 @@ extern char *__underlying_strncpy(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t size)
> >   #define POS	__pass_object_size(1)
> >   #define POS0	__pass_object_size(0)
> > +#define __compiletime_lessthan(bounds, length)	(	\
> > +	__builtin_constant_p(length) &&			\
> > +	__builtin_constant_p(bounds) &&			\
> > +	bounds < length					\
> > +)
> 
> So with the gcc ranger, the compiler has lately been quite successful at
> computing a constant `bounds < length` even though bounds and length are not
> constant.  So perhaps this:
> 
> #define __compiletime_lessthan (bounds, length) (	\
> 	__builtin_constant (bounds < length) &&		\
> 	bounds < length					\
> )
> 
> might succeed in a few more cases.

Oh, interesting! That's very cool -- I never considered tossing a full
expression into __bcp. Yeah, that seems to work just fine:
https://godbolt.org/z/xrchErEx1

-- 
Kees Cook

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