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Date:   Wed, 21 Sep 2022 23:28:17 -0700
From:   Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
To:     Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>
Cc:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@...nel.org>,
        Akira Yokosawa <akiyks@...il.com>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-doc@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH] string: Rewrite and add more kern-doc for the str*() functions

While there were varying degrees of kern-doc for various str*()-family
functions, many needed updating and clarification, or to just be
entirely written. Update (and relocate) existing kern-doc and add missing
functions, sadly shaking my head at how many times I have written "Do
not use this function". Include the results in the core kernel API doc.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
---
Follow up to https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220902223507.2537469-1-keescook@chromium.org
Note that this is on top of my recent fortify-string.h series:
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220920192202.190793-1-keescook@chromium.org/
---
 Documentation/core-api/kernel-api.rst |   3 +
 include/linux/fortify-string.h        | 133 ++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 lib/string.c                          |  82 ----------------
 scripts/kernel-doc                    |   4 +
 4 files changed, 130 insertions(+), 92 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/kernel-api.rst b/Documentation/core-api/kernel-api.rst
index 0793c400d4b0..20569f26dde1 100644
--- a/Documentation/core-api/kernel-api.rst
+++ b/Documentation/core-api/kernel-api.rst
@@ -36,6 +36,9 @@ String Conversions
 String Manipulation
 -------------------
 
+.. kernel-doc:: include/linux/fortify-string.h
+   :internal:
+
 .. kernel-doc:: lib/string.c
    :export:
 
diff --git a/include/linux/fortify-string.h b/include/linux/fortify-string.h
index b62c90cfafaf..a2e06ad47479 100644
--- a/include/linux/fortify-string.h
+++ b/include/linux/fortify-string.h
@@ -106,13 +106,13 @@ extern char *__underlying_strncpy(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t size)
  * Instead, please choose an alternative, so that the expectation
  * of @p's contents is unambiguous:
  *
- * +--------------------+-----------------+------------+
- * | @p needs to be:    | padded to @size | not padded |
- * +====================+=================+============+
- * |     NUL-terminated | strscpy_pad()   | strscpy()  |
- * +--------------------+-----------------+------------+
- * | not NUL-terminated | strtomem_pad()  | strtomem() |
- * +--------------------+-----------------+------------+
+ * +--------------------+--------------------+------------+
+ * | **p** needs to be: | padded to **size** | not padded |
+ * +====================+====================+============+
+ * |     NUL-terminated | strscpy_pad()      | strscpy()  |
+ * +--------------------+--------------------+------------+
+ * | not NUL-terminated | strtomem_pad()     | strtomem() |
+ * +--------------------+--------------------+------------+
  *
  * Note strscpy*()'s differing return values for detecting truncation,
  * and strtomem*()'s expectation that the destination is marked with
@@ -131,6 +131,21 @@ char *strncpy(char * const POS p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t size)
 	return __underlying_strncpy(p, q, size);
 }
 
+/**
+ * strcat - Append a string to an existing string
+ *
+ * @p: pointer to NUL-terminated string to append to
+ * @q: pointer to NUL-terminated source string to append from
+ *
+ * Do not use this function. While FORTIFY_SOURCE tries to avoid
+ * read and write overflows, this is only possible when the
+ * destination buffer size is known to the compiler. Prefer
+ * building the string with formatting, via scnprintf() or similar.
+ * At the very least, use strncat().
+ *
+ * Returns @p.
+ *
+ */
 __FORTIFY_INLINE __diagnose_as(__builtin_strcat, 1, 2)
 char *strcat(char * const POS p, const char *q)
 {
@@ -144,6 +159,16 @@ char *strcat(char * const POS p, const char *q)
 }
 
 extern __kernel_size_t __real_strnlen(const char *, __kernel_size_t) __RENAME(strnlen);
+/**
+ * strnlen - Return bounded count of characters in a NUL-terminated string
+ *
+ * @p: pointer to NUL-terminated string to count.
+ * @maxlen: maximum number of characters to count.
+ *
+ * Returns number of characters in @p (NOT including the final NUL), or
+ * @maxlen, if no NUL has been found up to there.
+ *
+ */
 __FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strnlen(const char * const POS p, __kernel_size_t maxlen)
 {
 	size_t p_size = __member_size(p);
@@ -169,6 +194,19 @@ __FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strnlen(const char * const POS p, __kernel_size
  * possible for strlen() to be used on compile-time strings for use in
  * static initializers (i.e. as a constant expression).
  */
+/**
+ * strlen - Return count of characters in a NUL-terminated string
+ *
+ * @p: pointer to NUL-terminated string to count.
+ *
+ * Do not use this function unless the string length is known at
+ * compile-time. When @p is unterminated, this function may crash
+ * or return unexpected counts that could lead to memory content
+ * exposures. Prefer strnlen().
+ *
+ * Returns number of characters in @p (NOT including the final NUL).
+ *
+ */
 #define strlen(p)							\
 	__builtin_choose_expr(__is_constexpr(__builtin_strlen(p)),	\
 		__builtin_strlen(p), __fortify_strlen(p))
@@ -187,8 +225,26 @@ __kernel_size_t __fortify_strlen(const char * const POS p)
 	return ret;
 }
 
-/* defined after fortified strlen to reuse it */
+/* Defined after fortified strlen() to reuse it. */
 extern size_t __real_strlcpy(char *, const char *, size_t) __RENAME(strlcpy);
+/**
+ * strlcpy - Copy a string into another string buffer
+ *
+ * @p: pointer to destination of copy
+ * @q: pointer to NUL-terminated source string to copy
+ * @size: maximum number of bytes to write at @p
+ *
+ * If strlen(@q) >= @size, the copy of @q will be truncated at
+ * @size - 1 bytes. @p will always be NUL-terminated.
+ *
+ * Do not use this function. While FORTIFY_SOURCE tries to avoid
+ * over-reads when calculating strlen(@q), it is still possible.
+ * Prefer strscpy(), though note its different return values for
+ * detecting truncation.
+ *
+ * Returns total number of bytes written to @p, including terminating NUL.
+ *
+ */
 __FORTIFY_INLINE size_t strlcpy(char * const POS p, const char * const POS q, size_t size)
 {
 	size_t p_size = __member_size(p);
@@ -214,8 +270,32 @@ __FORTIFY_INLINE size_t strlcpy(char * const POS p, const char * const POS q, si
 	return q_len;
 }
 
-/* defined after fortified strnlen to reuse it */
+/* Defined after fortified strnlen() to reuse it. */
 extern ssize_t __real_strscpy(char *, const char *, size_t) __RENAME(strscpy);
+/**
+ * strscpy - Copy a C-string into a sized buffer
+ *
+ * @p: Where to copy the string to
+ * @q: Where to copy the string from
+ * @size: Size of destination buffer
+ *
+ * Copy the source string @p, or as much of it as fits, into the destination
+ * @q buffer. The behavior is undefined if the string buffers overlap. The
+ * destination @p buffer is always NUL terminated, unless it's zero-sized.
+ *
+ * Preferred to strlcpy() since the API doesn't require reading memory
+ * from the source @q string beyond the specified @size bytes, and since
+ * the return value is easier to error-check than strlcpy()'s.
+ * In addition, the implementation is robust to the string changing out
+ * from underneath it, unlike the current strlcpy() implementation.
+ *
+ * Preferred to strncpy() since it always returns a valid string, and
+ * doesn't unnecessarily force the tail of the destination buffer to be
+ * zero padded. If padding is desired please use strscpy_pad().
+ *
+ * Returns the number of characters copied in @p (not including the
+ * trailing %NUL) or -E2BIG if @size is 0 or the copy of @q was truncated.
+ */
 __FORTIFY_INLINE ssize_t strscpy(char * const POS p, const char * const POS q, size_t size)
 {
 	size_t len;
@@ -261,7 +341,26 @@ __FORTIFY_INLINE ssize_t strscpy(char * const POS p, const char * const POS q, s
 	return __real_strscpy(p, q, len);
 }
 
-/* defined after fortified strlen and strnlen to reuse them */
+/**
+ * strncat - Append a string to an existing string
+ *
+ * @p: pointer to NUL-terminated string to append to
+ * @q: pointer to source string to append from
+ * @count: Maximum bytes to read from @q
+ *
+ * Appends at most @count bytes from @q (stopping at the first
+ * NUL byte) after the NUL-terminated string at @p. @p will be
+ * NUL-terminated.
+ *
+ * Do not use this function. While FORTIFY_SOURCE tries to avoid
+ * read and write overflows, this is only possible when the sizes
+ * of @p and @q are known to the compiler. Prefer building the
+ * string with formatting, via scnprintf() or similar.
+ *
+ * Returns @p.
+ *
+ */
+/* Defined after fortified strlen() and strnlen() to reuse them. */
 __FORTIFY_INLINE __diagnose_as(__builtin_strncat, 1, 2, 3)
 char *strncat(char * const POS p, const char * const POS q, __kernel_size_t count)
 {
@@ -565,6 +664,20 @@ __FORTIFY_INLINE void *kmemdup(const void * const POS0 p, size_t size, gfp_t gfp
 	return __real_kmemdup(p, size, gfp);
 }
 
+/**
+ * strcpy - Copy a string into another string buffer
+ *
+ * @p: pointer to destination of copy
+ * @q: pointer to NUL-terminated source string to copy
+ *
+ * Do not use this function. While FORTIFY_SOURCE tries to avoid
+ * overflows, this is only possible when the sizes of @q and @p are
+ * known to the compiler. Prefer strscpy(), though note its different
+ * return values for detecting truncation.
+ *
+ * Returns @p.
+ *
+ */
 /* Defined after fortified strlen to reuse it. */
 __FORTIFY_INLINE __diagnose_as(__builtin_strcpy, 1, 2)
 char *strcpy(char * const POS p, const char * const POS q)
diff --git a/lib/string.c b/lib/string.c
index 6f334420f687..6045124c2195 100644
--- a/lib/string.c
+++ b/lib/string.c
@@ -76,11 +76,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(strcasecmp);
 #endif
 
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCPY
-/**
- * strcpy - Copy a %NUL terminated string
- * @dest: Where to copy the string to
- * @src: Where to copy the string from
- */
 char *strcpy(char *dest, const char *src)
 {
 	char *tmp = dest;
@@ -93,19 +88,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(strcpy);
 #endif
 
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCPY
-/**
- * strncpy - Copy a length-limited, C-string
- * @dest: Where to copy the string to
- * @src: Where to copy the string from
- * @count: The maximum number of bytes to copy
- *
- * The result is not %NUL-terminated if the source exceeds
- * @count bytes.
- *
- * In the case where the length of @src is less than  that  of
- * count, the remainder of @dest will be padded with %NUL.
- *
- */
 char *strncpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t count)
 {
 	char *tmp = dest;
@@ -122,17 +104,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(strncpy);
 #endif
 
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLCPY
-/**
- * strlcpy - Copy a C-string into a sized buffer
- * @dest: Where to copy the string to
- * @src: Where to copy the string from
- * @size: size of destination buffer
- *
- * Compatible with ``*BSD``: the result is always a valid
- * NUL-terminated string that fits in the buffer (unless,
- * of course, the buffer size is zero). It does not pad
- * out the result like strncpy() does.
- */
 size_t strlcpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t size)
 {
 	size_t ret = strlen(src);
@@ -148,30 +119,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(strlcpy);
 #endif
 
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSCPY
-/**
- * strscpy - Copy a C-string into a sized buffer
- * @dest: Where to copy the string to
- * @src: Where to copy the string from
- * @count: Size of destination buffer
- *
- * Copy the string, or as much of it as fits, into the dest buffer.  The
- * behavior is undefined if the string buffers overlap.  The destination
- * buffer is always NUL terminated, unless it's zero-sized.
- *
- * Preferred to strlcpy() since the API doesn't require reading memory
- * from the src string beyond the specified "count" bytes, and since
- * the return value is easier to error-check than strlcpy()'s.
- * In addition, the implementation is robust to the string changing out
- * from underneath it, unlike the current strlcpy() implementation.
- *
- * Preferred to strncpy() since it always returns a valid string, and
- * doesn't unnecessarily force the tail of the destination buffer to be
- * zeroed.  If zeroing is desired please use strscpy_pad().
- *
- * Returns:
- * * The number of characters copied (not including the trailing %NUL)
- * * -E2BIG if count is 0 or @src was truncated.
- */
 ssize_t strscpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t count)
 {
 	const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS;
@@ -258,11 +205,6 @@ char *stpcpy(char *__restrict__ dest, const char *__restrict__ src)
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(stpcpy);
 
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCAT
-/**
- * strcat - Append one %NUL-terminated string to another
- * @dest: The string to be appended to
- * @src: The string to append to it
- */
 char *strcat(char *dest, const char *src)
 {
 	char *tmp = dest;
@@ -277,15 +219,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(strcat);
 #endif
 
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCAT
-/**
- * strncat - Append a length-limited, C-string to another
- * @dest: The string to be appended to
- * @src: The string to append to it
- * @count: The maximum numbers of bytes to copy
- *
- * Note that in contrast to strncpy(), strncat() ensures the result is
- * terminated.
- */
 char *strncat(char *dest, const char *src, size_t count)
 {
 	char *tmp = dest;
@@ -306,12 +239,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(strncat);
 #endif
 
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLCAT
-/**
- * strlcat - Append a length-limited, C-string to another
- * @dest: The string to be appended to
- * @src: The string to append to it
- * @count: The size of the destination buffer.
- */
 size_t strlcat(char *dest, const char *src, size_t count)
 {
 	size_t dsize = strlen(dest);
@@ -476,10 +403,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(strnchr);
 #endif
 
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLEN
-/**
- * strlen - Find the length of a string
- * @s: The string to be sized
- */
 size_t strlen(const char *s)
 {
 	const char *sc;
@@ -492,11 +415,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(strlen);
 #endif
 
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNLEN
-/**
- * strnlen - Find the length of a length-limited string
- * @s: The string to be sized
- * @count: The maximum number of bytes to search
- */
 size_t strnlen(const char *s, size_t count)
 {
 	const char *sc;
diff --git a/scripts/kernel-doc b/scripts/kernel-doc
index 8bb89deb9a91..adbc4d307770 100755
--- a/scripts/kernel-doc
+++ b/scripts/kernel-doc
@@ -1448,6 +1448,8 @@ sub create_parameterlist($$$$) {
     foreach my $arg (split($splitter, $args)) {
 	# strip comments
 	$arg =~ s/\/\*.*\*\///;
+	# ignore argument attributes
+	$arg =~ s/\sPOS0?\s/ /;
 	# strip leading/trailing spaces
 	$arg =~ s/^\s*//;
 	$arg =~ s/\s*$//;
@@ -1657,6 +1659,7 @@ sub dump_function($$) {
     $prototype =~ s/^__inline +//;
     $prototype =~ s/^__always_inline +//;
     $prototype =~ s/^noinline +//;
+    $prototype =~ s/^__FORTIFY_INLINE +//;
     $prototype =~ s/__init +//;
     $prototype =~ s/__init_or_module +//;
     $prototype =~ s/__deprecated +//;
@@ -1667,6 +1670,7 @@ sub dump_function($$) {
     $prototype =~ s/__sched +//;
     $prototype =~ s/__printf\s*\(\s*\d*\s*,\s*\d*\s*\) +//;
     $prototype =~ s/__(?:re)?alloc_size\s*\(\s*\d+\s*(?:,\s*\d+\s*)?\) +//;
+    $prototype =~ s/__diagnose_as\s*\(\s*\S+\s*(?:,\s*\d+\s*)*\) +//;
     my $define = $prototype =~ s/^#\s*define\s+//; #ak added
     $prototype =~ s/__attribute_const__ +//;
     $prototype =~ s/__attribute__\s*\(\(
-- 
2.34.1

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