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Date: Wed, 4 Oct 2023 15:19:37 +0200
From: "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>
To: Jamal Hadi Salim <jhs@...atatu.com>,
	Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@...il.com>, Jiri Pirko <jiri@...nulli.us>,
	"David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
	Eric Dumazet <edumazet@...gle.com>,
	Jakub Kicinski <kuba@...nel.org>, Paolo Abeni <pabeni@...hat.com>,
	"Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>
Cc: netdev@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	"Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>,
	linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org, Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Subject: [PATCH v2] net: sched: cls_u32: Fix allocation size in u32_init()

commit d61491a51f7e ("net/sched: cls_u32: Replace one-element array
with flexible-array member") incorrecly replaced an instance of
`sizeof(*tp_c)` with `struct_size(tp_c, hlist->ht, 1)`. This results
in a an over-allocation of 8 bytes.

This change is wrong because `hlist` in `struct tc_u_common` is a
pointer:

net/sched/cls_u32.c:
struct tc_u_common {
        struct tc_u_hnode __rcu *hlist;
        void                    *ptr;
        int                     refcnt;
        struct idr              handle_idr;
        struct hlist_node       hnode;
        long                    knodes;
};

So, the use of `struct_size()` makes no sense: we don't need to allocate
any extra space for a flexible-array member. `sizeof(*tp_c)` is just fine.

So, `struct_size(tp_c, hlist->ht, 1)` translates to:

sizeof(*tp_c) + sizeof(tp_c->hlist->ht) ==
sizeof(struct tc_u_common) + sizeof(struct tc_u_knode *) ==
						144 + 8  == 0x98 (byes)
						     ^^^
						      |
						unnecessary extra
						allocation size

$ pahole -C tc_u_common net/sched/cls_u32.o
struct tc_u_common {
	struct tc_u_hnode *        hlist;                /*     0     8 */
	void *                     ptr;                  /*     8     8 */
	int                        refcnt;               /*    16     4 */

	/* XXX 4 bytes hole, try to pack */

	struct idr                 handle_idr;           /*    24    96 */
	/* --- cacheline 1 boundary (64 bytes) was 56 bytes ago --- */
	struct hlist_node          hnode;                /*   120    16 */
	/* --- cacheline 2 boundary (128 bytes) was 8 bytes ago --- */
	long int                   knodes;               /*   136     8 */

	/* size: 144, cachelines: 3, members: 6 */
	/* sum members: 140, holes: 1, sum holes: 4 */
	/* last cacheline: 16 bytes */
};

And with `sizeof(*tp_c)`, we have:

	sizeof(*tp_c) == sizeof(struct tc_u_common) == 144 == 0x90 (bytes)

which is the correct and original allocation size.

Fix this issue by replacing `struct_size(tp_c, hlist->ht, 1)` with
`sizeof(*tp_c)`, and avoid allocating 8 too many bytes.

The following difference in binary output is expected and reflects the
desired change:

| net/sched/cls_u32.o
| @@ -6148,7 +6148,7 @@
| include/linux/slab.h:599
|     2cf5:      mov    0x0(%rip),%rdi        # 2cfc <u32_init+0xfc>
|                        2cf8: R_X86_64_PC32     kmalloc_caches+0xc
|-    2cfc:      mov    $0x98,%edx
|+    2cfc:      mov    $0x90,%edx

Reported-by: Alejandro Colomar <alx@...nel.org>
Closes: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/09b4a2ce-da74-3a19-6961-67883f634d98@kernel.org/
Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@...nel.org>
---
Changes in v2:
 - Update subject line.
 - Update changelog text.

v1:
 - Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-hardening/ZN5DvRyq6JNz20l1@work/

 net/sched/cls_u32.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/net/sched/cls_u32.c b/net/sched/cls_u32.c
index da4c179a4d41..6663e971a13e 100644
--- a/net/sched/cls_u32.c
+++ b/net/sched/cls_u32.c
@@ -366,7 +366,7 @@ static int u32_init(struct tcf_proto *tp)
 	idr_init(&root_ht->handle_idr);
 
 	if (tp_c == NULL) {
-		tp_c = kzalloc(struct_size(tp_c, hlist->ht, 1), GFP_KERNEL);
+		tp_c = kzalloc(sizeof(*tp_c), GFP_KERNEL);
 		if (tp_c == NULL) {
 			kfree(root_ht);
 			return -ENOBUFS;
-- 
2.34.1


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