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Date: Wed, 18 Oct 2023 16:46:28 -0700
From: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
To: Justin Stitt <justinstitt@...gle.com>
Cc: Kalle Valo <kvalo@...nel.org>, linux-wireless@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] atmel: replace deprecated strncpy/strcpy with strscpy

On Mon, Oct 16, 2023 at 08:22:45PM +0000, Justin Stitt wrote:
> strncpy() is deprecated for use on NUL-terminated destination strings
> [1] and as such we should prefer more robust and less ambiguous string
> interfaces. strcpy() is also deprecated [2] and shouldn't be used.

Since these are read-only const C strings being copied into a fixed
sized buffer, I would actually prefer to just leave these as-is since
they're already getting verified by FORTIFY_SOURCE.

> We expect priv->firmware_id to be NUL-terminated based on its usage
> with seq_printf() and strlen() in atmel.c:
> 1420 |       seq_printf(m, "%s loaded by host\n", priv->firmware_id);
> ...
> 3884 |       if (strlen(priv->firmware_id) == 0) {
> 
> NUL-padding is not required, which is evident by the usage of a plain
> strcpy():
> 3891 |   strcpy(priv->firmware_id, "atmel_at76c502.bin");
> 
> Considering the above, a suitable replacement is `strscpy` [2] due to
> the fact that it guarantees NUL-termination on the destination buffer
> without unnecessarily NUL-padding.
> 
> Let's also replace hard-coded lengths to be `sizeof(...)` for buffers
> that the compiler can detect the size for as this is less error prone.
> 
> Link: https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/process/deprecated.html#strncpy-on-nul-terminated-strings [1]
> Link: https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/process/deprecated.html#strcpy [2]
> Link: https://manpages.debian.org/testing/linux-manual-4.8/strscpy.9.en.html [3]
> Link: https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/90
> Cc: linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: Justin Stitt <justinstitt@...gle.com>
> ---
> Note: build-tested only.
> 
> Found with: $ rg "strncpy\("
> ---
>  drivers/net/wireless/atmel/atmel.c | 8 ++++----
>  1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/atmel/atmel.c b/drivers/net/wireless/atmel/atmel.c
> index 7c2d1c588156..199b9144ef63 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/wireless/atmel/atmel.c
> +++ b/drivers/net/wireless/atmel/atmel.c
> @@ -2011,7 +2011,7 @@ static int atmel_get_name(struct net_device *dev,
>  			  union iwreq_data *wrqu,
>  			  char *extra)
>  {
> -	strcpy(wrqu->name, "IEEE 802.11-DS");
> +	strscpy(wrqu->name, "IEEE 802.11-DS", sizeof(wrqu->name));
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> @@ -2651,8 +2651,7 @@ static int atmel_ioctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ifreq *rq, int cmd)
>  
>  		priv->firmware = new_firmware;
>  		priv->firmware_length = com.len;
> -		strncpy(priv->firmware_id, com.id, 31);
> -		priv->firmware_id[31] = '\0';
> +		strscpy(priv->firmware_id, com.id, sizeof(priv->firmware_id));

I wonder why this ever used strncpy -- they're both 32 byte buffer
arrays. Regardless, yup, this looks correct to me. Can you respin
without the strcpy() changes?

-Kees

>  		break;
>  
>  	case ATMELRD:
> @@ -3889,7 +3888,8 @@ static int reset_atmel_card(struct net_device *dev)
>  					printk(KERN_INFO
>  					       "%s: if not, use the firmware= module parameter.\n",
>  					       dev->name);
> -					strcpy(priv->firmware_id, "atmel_at76c502.bin");
> +					strscpy(priv->firmware_id, "atmel_at76c502.bin",
> +						sizeof(priv->firmware_id));
>  				}
>  				err = request_firmware(&fw_entry, priv->firmware_id, priv->sys_dev);
>  				if (err != 0) {
> 
> ---
> base-commit: cbf3a2cb156a2c911d8f38d8247814b4c07f49a2
> change-id: 20231016-strncpy-drivers-net-wireless-atmel-atmel-c-7ca951cf7cfa
> 
> Best regards,
> --
> Justin Stitt <justinstitt@...gle.com>
> 

-- 
Kees Cook

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