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Date: Wed, 18 Oct 2023 22:47:56 -0700
From: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
To: Justin Stitt <justinstitt@...gle.com>
Cc: Keith Busch <kbusch@...nel.org>, Jens Axboe <axboe@...nel.dk>,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@....de>, Sagi Grimberg <sagi@...mberg.me>,
	linux-nvme@...ts.infradead.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] nvme-fabrics: replace deprecated strncpy with strscpy

On Wed, Oct 18, 2023 at 10:48:49PM +0000, Justin Stitt wrote:
> strncpy() is deprecated for use on NUL-terminated destination strings
> [1] and as such we should prefer more robust and less ambiguous string
> interfaces.
> 
> We expect both data->subsysnqn and data->hostnqn to be NUL-terminated
> based on their usage with format specifier ("%s"):
> fabrics.c:
> 322: dev_err(ctrl->device,
> 323:   "%s, subsysnqn \"%s\"\n",
> 324:   inv_data, data->subsysnqn);
> ...
> 349: dev_err(ctrl->device,
> 350: 	 "Connect for subsystem %s is not allowed, hostnqn: %s\n",
> 351: 	 data->subsysnqn, data->hostnqn);
> 
> Moreover, there's no need to NUL-pad since `data` is zero-allocated
> already in fabrics.c:
> 383: data = kzalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
> ... therefore any further NUL-padding is rendered useless.
> 
> Considering the above, a suitable replacement is `strscpy` [2] due to
> the fact that it guarantees NUL-termination on the destination buffer
> without unnecessarily NUL-padding.
> 
> I opted not to switch NVMF_NQN_SIZE to sizeof(data->xyz) because the
> size is defined as:
> |       /* NQN names in commands fields specified one size */
> |       #define NVMF_NQN_FIELD_LEN	256
> 
> ... while NVMF_NQN_SIZE is defined as:
> |       /* However the max length of a qualified name is another size */
> |       #define NVMF_NQN_SIZE		223
> 
> Since 223 seems pretty magic, I'm not going to touch it.

struct nvmf_connect_data {
	...
        char            subsysnqn[NVMF_NQN_FIELD_LEN];
        char            hostnqn[NVMF_NQN_FIELD_LEN];

Honestly, the use of NVMF_NQN_SIZE as the length arg looks like a bug.

struct nvmf_ctrl_options {
	...
        char                    *subsysnqn;
	...
        struct nvmf_host        *host;

struct nvmf_host {
	...
        char                    nqn[NVMF_NQN_SIZE];

ctrl->opts->host->nqn is sized as NVMF_NQN_SIZE, so this is like saying:

	strscpy(dest, src, sizeof(src));

Which can go wrong when dest is smaller than src, but that's not the
case here. It seems ctrl->opts->host->nqn is expected to be a C string:

drivers/nvme/host/fabrics.h:        strcmp(opts->host->nqn, ctrl->opts->host->nqn) ||

And subsysnqn seems to be the same size:

drivers/nvme/target/core.c:     subsys->subsysnqn = kstrndup(subsysnqn, NVMF_NQN_SIZE,
drivers/nvme/target/core.c-                     GFP_KERNEL);

So these really look like bugs to me. Perhaps a follow-up patch to fix
this, if nvme maintainers agree?

Either way, strscpy is an improvement:

Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>

-Kees

> 
> Link: https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/process/deprecated.html#strncpy-on-nul-terminated-strings [1]
> Link: https://manpages.debian.org/testing/linux-manual-4.8/strscpy.9.en.html [2]
> Link: https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/90
> Cc: linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: Justin Stitt <justinstitt@...gle.com>
> ---
> Note: build-tested only.
> 
> Found with: $ rg "strncpy\("
> ---
>  drivers/nvme/host/fabrics.c | 4 ++--
>  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/nvme/host/fabrics.c b/drivers/nvme/host/fabrics.c
> index 8175d49f2909..57aad3ce311a 100644
> --- a/drivers/nvme/host/fabrics.c
> +++ b/drivers/nvme/host/fabrics.c
> @@ -386,8 +386,8 @@ static struct nvmf_connect_data *nvmf_connect_data_prep(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl,
>  
>  	uuid_copy(&data->hostid, &ctrl->opts->host->id);
>  	data->cntlid = cpu_to_le16(cntlid);
> -	strncpy(data->subsysnqn, ctrl->opts->subsysnqn, NVMF_NQN_SIZE);
> -	strncpy(data->hostnqn, ctrl->opts->host->nqn, NVMF_NQN_SIZE);
> +	strscpy(data->subsysnqn, ctrl->opts->subsysnqn, NVMF_NQN_SIZE);
> +	strscpy(data->hostnqn, ctrl->opts->host->nqn, NVMF_NQN_SIZE);
>  
>  	return data;
>  }
> 
> ---
> base-commit: 58720809f52779dc0f08e53e54b014209d13eebb
> change-id: 20231018-strncpy-drivers-nvme-host-fabrics-c-416258a22598
> 
> Best regards,
> --
> Justin Stitt <justinstitt@...gle.com>
> 
> 

-- 
Kees Cook

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