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Date:	Tue, 14 Nov 2006 17:52:14 +0530
From:	Gautham R Shenoy <>
To:	Gautham R Shenoy <>
Subject: [PATCH 2/4] Define and use new events,CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE and CPU_LOCK_RELEASE.

This is an attempt to provide an alternate mechanism for postponing
a hotplug event instead of using a global mechanism like lock_cpu_hotplug.

The proposal is to add two new events namely CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE and
CPU_LOCK_RELEASE. The notification for these two events would be sent
out before and after a cpu_hotplug event respectively.

During the CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE event, a cpu-hotplug-aware subsystem is
supposed to acquire any per-subsystem hotcpu mutex ( Eg. workqueue_mutex
in kernel/workqueue.c ). 

During the CPU_LOCK_RELEASE release event the cpu-hotplug-aware subsystem
is supposed to release the per-subsystem hotcpu mutex.

The reasons for defining new events as opposed to reusing the existing events
like CPU_UP_PREPARE/CPU_UP_FAILED/CPU_ONLINE for locking/unlocking of 
per-subsystem hotcpu mutexes are as follow:

	- CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE: All hotcpu mutexes are taken before subsystems
	start handling pre-hotplug events like CPU_UP_PREPARE/CPU_DOWN_PREPARE 
	etc, thus ensuring a clean handling of these events. 
	- CPU_LOCK_RELEASE: The hotcpu mutexes will be released only after
	all subsystems have handled post-hotplug events like CPU_DOWN_FAILED,
	CPU_DEAD,CPU_ONLINE etc thereby ensuring that there are no subsequent
	clashes amongst the interdependent subsystems after a cpu hotplugs.
This patch also uses __raw_notifier_call chain in _cpu_up to take care 
of the dependency between the two consequetive calls to

Signed-off-by: Gautham R Shenoy <>

 include/linux/notifier.h |    2 ++
 kernel/cpu.c             |   15 +++++++++++----
 2 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Index: hotplug/kernel/cpu.c
--- hotplug.orig/kernel/cpu.c
+++ hotplug/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -132,6 +132,8 @@ static int _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
 	if (!cpu_online(cpu))
 		return -EINVAL;
+	raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE,
+						(void *)(long)cpu);
 	err = raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_PREPARE,
 						(void *)(long)cpu);
 	if (err == NOTIFY_BAD) {
@@ -185,6 +187,8 @@ out_thread:
 	err = kthread_stop(p);
 	set_cpus_allowed(current, old_allowed);
+	raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_RELEASE,
+						(void *)(long)cpu);
 	return err;
@@ -206,13 +210,15 @@ int cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
 /* Requires cpu_add_remove_lock to be held */
 static int __devinit _cpu_up(unsigned int cpu)
-	int ret;
+	int ret, nr_calls = 0;
 	void *hcpu = (void *)(long)cpu;
 	if (cpu_online(cpu) || !cpu_present(cpu))
 		return -EINVAL;
-	ret = raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_UP_PREPARE, hcpu);
+	raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE, hcpu);
+	ret = __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_UP_PREPARE, hcpu,
+							-1, &nr_calls);
 	if (ret == NOTIFY_BAD) {
 		printk("%s: attempt to bring up CPU %u failed\n",
 				__FUNCTION__, cpu);
@@ -233,8 +239,9 @@ static int __devinit _cpu_up(unsigned in
 	if (ret != 0)
-		raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain,
-				CPU_UP_CANCELED, hcpu);
+		__raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain,
+				CPU_UP_CANCELED, hcpu, nr_calls, NULL);
+	raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_RELEASE, hcpu);
 	return ret;
Index: hotplug/include/linux/notifier.h
--- hotplug.orig/include/linux/notifier.h
+++ hotplug/include/linux/notifier.h
@@ -194,6 +194,8 @@ extern int __srcu_notifier_call_chain(st
 #define CPU_DOWN_PREPARE	0x0005 /* CPU (unsigned)v going down */
 #define CPU_DOWN_FAILED		0x0006 /* CPU (unsigned)v NOT going down */
 #define CPU_DEAD		0x0007 /* CPU (unsigned)v dead */
+#define CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE	0x0008 /* Acquire all hotcpu locks */
+#define CPU_LOCK_RELEASE	0x0009 /* Release all hotcpu locks */
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 #endif /* _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H */
Gautham R Shenoy
Linux Technology Center
IBM India.
"Freedom comes with a price tag of responsibility, which is still a bargain,
because Freedom is priceless!"
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