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Date:	Wed, 31 Jan 2007 07:18:04 -0800 (PST)
From:	David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>
To:	Andrew Morton <akpm@...l.org>
cc:	Andi Kleen <ak@...e.de>, Rohit Seth <rohitseth@...gle.com>,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [patch -mm 3/7] x86_64: fixed-size remaining fake nodes

Extends the numa=fake x86_64 command-line option to split the remaining
system memory into nodes of fixed size.  Any leftover memory is allocated
to a final node unless the command-line ends with a comma.

For example:
  numa=fake=2*512,*128	gives two 512M nodes and the remaining system
			memory is split into nodes of 128M each.

This is beneficial for systems where the exact size of RAM is unknown or
not necessarily relevant, but the size of the remaining nodes to be
allocated is known based on their capacity for resource management.

Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@...e.de>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>
---
 Documentation/x86_64/boot-options.txt |   14 ++++++---
 arch/x86_64/mm/numa.c                 |   47 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 2 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/x86_64/boot-options.txt b/Documentation/x86_64/boot-options.txt
index 01dfec9..bc0269f 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86_64/boot-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86_64/boot-options.txt
@@ -153,11 +153,15 @@ NUMA
 		If a number, fakes CMDLINE nodes and ignores NUMA setup of the
 		actual machine.  Otherwise, system memory is configured
 		depending on the sizes and coefficients listed.  For example:
-			numa=fake=2*512,1024,4*256
-		gives two 512M nodes, a 1024M node, and four 256M nodes.  The
-		remaining system RAM is allocated to an additional node.  If
-		the last character of CMDLINE is a *, the remaining system RAM
-		is instead divided up equally among its coefficient.
+			numa=fake=2*512,1024,4*256,*128
+		gives two 512M nodes, a 1024M node, four 256M nodes, and the
+		rest split into 128M chunks.  If the last character of CMDLINE
+		is a *, the remaining memory is divided up equally among its
+		coefficient:
+			numa=fake=2*512,2*
+		gives two 512M nodes and the rest split into two nodes.
+		Otherwise, the remaining system RAM is allocated to an
+		additional node.
 
   numa=hotadd=percent
 		Only allow hotadd memory to preallocate page structures upto
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/mm/numa.c b/arch/x86_64/mm/numa.c
index 6c4b45f..5634d3f 100644
--- a/arch/x86_64/mm/numa.c
+++ b/arch/x86_64/mm/numa.c
@@ -365,6 +365,21 @@ static int __init split_nodes_equally(struct bootnode *nodes, u64 *addr,
 }
 
 /*
+ * Splits the remaining system RAM into chunks of size.  The remaining memory is
+ * always assigned to a final node and can be asymmetric.  Returns the number of
+ * nodes split.
+ */
+static int __init split_nodes_by_size(struct bootnode *nodes, u64 *addr,
+				      u64 max_addr, int node_start, u64 size)
+{
+	int i = node_start;
+	size = (size << 20) & FAKE_NODE_MIN_HASH_MASK;
+	while (!setup_node_range(i++, nodes, addr, size, max_addr))
+		;
+	return i - node_start;
+}
+
+/*
  * Sets up the system RAM area from start_pfn to end_pfn according to the
  * numa=fake command-line option.
  */
@@ -373,9 +388,10 @@ static int __init numa_emulation(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
 	struct bootnode nodes[MAX_NUMNODES];
 	u64 addr = start_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
 	u64 max_addr = end_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
-	unsigned int coeff;
-	unsigned int num = 0;
 	int num_nodes = 0;
+	int coeff_flag;
+	int coeff = -1;
+	int num = 0;
 	u64 size;
 	int i;
 
@@ -393,29 +409,34 @@ static int __init numa_emulation(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
 	}
 
 	/* Parse the command line. */
-	for (coeff = 1; ; cmdline++) {
+	for (coeff_flag = 0; ; cmdline++) {
 		if (*cmdline && isdigit(*cmdline)) {
 			num = num * 10 + *cmdline - '0';
 			continue;
 		}
-		if (*cmdline == '*')
-			coeff = num;
+		if (*cmdline == '*') {
+			if (num > 0)
+				coeff = num;
+			coeff_flag = 1;
+		}
 		if (!*cmdline || *cmdline == ',') {
+			if (!coeff_flag)
+				coeff = 1;
 			/*
 			 * Round down to the nearest FAKE_NODE_MIN_SIZE.
 			 * Command-line coefficients are in megabytes.
 			 */
 			size = ((u64)num << 20) & FAKE_NODE_MIN_HASH_MASK;
-			if (size) {
+			if (size)
 				for (i = 0; i < coeff; i++, num_nodes++)
 					if (setup_node_range(num_nodes, nodes,
 						&addr, size, max_addr) < 0)
 						goto done;
-				coeff = 1;
-			}
+			if (!*cmdline)
+				break;
+			coeff_flag = 0;
+			coeff = -1;
 		}
-		if (!*cmdline)
-			break;
 		num = 0;
 	}
 done:
@@ -423,6 +444,12 @@ done:
 		return -1;
 	/* Fill remainder of system RAM, if appropriate. */
 	if (addr < max_addr) {
+		if (coeff_flag && coeff < 0) {
+			/* Split remaining nodes into num-sized chunks */
+			num_nodes += split_nodes_by_size(nodes, &addr, max_addr,
+							 num_nodes, num);
+			goto out;
+		}
 		switch (*(cmdline - 1)) {
 		case '*':
 			/* Split remaining nodes into coeff chunks */
-
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