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Date:	Wed, 28 Mar 2007 22:57:16 -0600
From: (Eric W. Biederman)
To:	Len Brown <>
Cc:	Ingo Molnar <>,,
	Adrian Bunk <>,
	Linus Torvalds <>,
	Andrew Morton <>,, Thomas Meyer <>,
	Frederic Riss <>,
	Marcus Better <>
Subject: Re: [patch] MSI-X: fix resume crash

Len Brown <> writes:

>> Tony, Len the way pci_disable_device is being used in a suspend/resume 
>> path by a few drivers is completely incompatible with the way irqs are 
>> allocated on ia64.  In particular people the following sequence occurs 
>> in several drivers.
>> probe:
>>   pci_enable_device(pdev);
>>   request_irq(pdev->irq);
>> suspend:
>>   pci_disable_device(pdev);
>> resume:
>>   pci_enable_device(pdev);
>> remove:
>>   free_irq(pdev->irq);
>>   pci_disable_device(pdev);
> There are no IA64 machines that support system suspend/resume today --
> so you have 0 chance of breaking the IA64 suspend/resume installed base.

Ok.  So that is why the inconsistency persists...

> My understanding is that Luming Yu has cobbled IA64 S4 support
> together for a future release though.
>> What I'm proposing we do is move the irq allocation code out of 
>> pci_enable_device and the irq freeing code out of pci_disable_device in 
>> the future.  If we move ia64 to a model where the irq number equal the 
>> gsi like we have for x86_64 and are in the middle of for i386 that 
>> should be pretty straight forward. It would even be relatively simple  
>> to delay vector allocation in that context until request_irq, if we 
>> needed the delayed allocation benefit.  Do you two have any problems 
>> with moving in that direction?
> I think consistency here would be _wonderful_.
> Of course the beauty of having identity GSI=IRQ and a /proc/interrupts
> that tells you what IOAPIC pin you are using become moot with MSI --
> but hey, showing the IRQ number rather than the vector number
> is consistent and makes sense.

Yes.  It also allows for bigger machines.  And I can get a consistent
number out of MSI if we allocate irq numbers in a sufficiently non-sparse
way.  Something like bus|device|func|irq which is 8+5+3+12 or 28 bits...
I'll never get there though if i keep unearthing this long standing bugs.

>> If fixing the arch code is unacceptable for some reason I'm not aware of 
>> we need to audit the 10-20 drivers that call pci_disable_device in their 
>> suspend/resume processing and ensure that they have freed all of the 
>> irqs before that point.  Given that I have bug reports on the msi path I 
>> know that isn't true.
> I think the suspend/resume interrupt logic needs some serious attention.
> We've had several schemes for suspend/resume of interrupts, several
> changes in strategy, and right now I think we are inconsistent,
> and frankly, I'm amazed it works at all.

What I have been doing lately is to aim at consistency in how a function
is called (and thus how it is expected to be used) and how it is actually
implemented.  When I have a choice I try to pick a forgiving implementation
so that driver writers don't have to follow a magic correct path for
things to work correctly.  

Removing the irq assignment from pci_enable_device is something that
matches implementation with use.

As for the rest it seems reasonable to me to allow an irq to be held
requested over suspend/resume and to save and restore apic and msi
capability state.  Especially since irq numbers are a kernel
abstraction we should be able to do with them what we need to.

Honestly the whole suspend/resume thing is beyond me at this point I'm
laptop free...  But I do know how to make code consistent with itself.

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