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Date:	Thu, 3 May 2007 17:03:20 +0200
From:	Tomas Janousek <>
Subject: Broken process startup times after suspend (regression)


the commits
  411187fb05cd11676b0979d9fbf3291db69dbce2 (GTOD: persistent clock support)
  c1d370e167d66b10bca3b602d3740405469383de (i386: use GTOD persistent clock
caused a change in the way uptime is measured and introduced a regression such
that it's no longer possible to obtain a correct process start time or the
system boot time.

These two commits make the monotonic time not jump by hudreds of seconds after
the kernel resumes from suspend, but they achieve it by moving the
wall_to_monotonic offset, which is used for all boot time / uptime
calculations. It's not possible to read the real boot time / process start
time then.

I was thinking about a solution and I am posting the least intrusive one I
found. I add a total_sleep_time variable which is to be added to
wall_to_monotonic when one wants the proper boot time. I do by no means say
it's the best one, I expect comments.

This requires a patch to procps that makes it use /proc/stat's btime instead
of "now - uptime". This was written by Tomas Smetana and I'm attaching it as
well. (It was posted upstream as it fixes another bug in ps as well.) Or we
could just make the /proc/uptime contain "now - btime" like it used to before
those two commits.

 fs/proc/proc_misc.c  |    2 +-
 include/linux/time.h |    1 +
 kernel/fork.c        |    1 +
 kernel/timer.c       |    6 ++++++
 4 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/proc/proc_misc.c b/fs/proc/proc_misc.c
index e2c4c0a..a29309e 100644
--- a/fs/proc/proc_misc.c
+++ b/fs/proc/proc_misc.c
@@ -456,7 +456,7 @@ static int show_stat(struct seq_file *p, void *v)
 	user = nice = system = idle = iowait =
 		irq = softirq = steal = cputime64_zero;
-	jif = - wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec;
+	jif = - (wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec + total_sleep_time);
 	if (wall_to_monotonic.tv_nsec)
diff --git a/include/linux/time.h b/include/linux/time.h
index 8ea8dea..cb87616 100644
--- a/include/linux/time.h
+++ b/include/linux/time.h
@@ -90,6 +90,7 @@ static inline struct timespec timespec_sub(struct timespec lhs,
 extern struct timespec xtime;
 extern struct timespec wall_to_monotonic;
+extern unsigned long total_sleep_time;
 extern seqlock_t xtime_lock __attribute__((weak));
 extern unsigned long read_persistent_clock(void);
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 6af959c..c051f17 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -1056,6 +1056,7 @@ static struct task_struct *copy_process(unsigned long clone_flags,
 	p->lock_depth = -1;		/* -1 = no lock */
+	p->start_time.tv_sec += total_sleep_time;
 	p->security = NULL;
 	p->io_context = NULL;
 	p->io_wait = NULL;
diff --git a/kernel/timer.c b/kernel/timer.c
index dd6c2c1..13eb201 100644
--- a/kernel/timer.c
+++ b/kernel/timer.c
@@ -759,9 +759,13 @@ unsigned long next_timer_interrupt(void)
  * at zero at system boot time, so wall_to_monotonic will be negative,
  * however, we will ALWAYS keep the tv_nsec part positive so we can use
  * the usual normalization.
+ *
+ * One needs to add total_sleep_time to wall_to_monotonic to get the real boot
+ * time.
 struct timespec xtime __attribute__ ((aligned (16)));
 struct timespec wall_to_monotonic __attribute__ ((aligned (16)));
+unsigned long total_sleep_time;
@@ -975,6 +979,7 @@ void __init timekeeping_init(void)
 	xtime.tv_nsec = 0;
 		-xtime.tv_sec, -xtime.tv_nsec);
+	total_sleep_time = 0;
 	write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&xtime_lock, flags);
@@ -1004,6 +1009,7 @@ static int timekeeping_resume(struct sys_device *dev)
 		xtime.tv_sec += sleep_length;
 		wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec -= sleep_length;
+		total_sleep_time += sleep_length;
 	/* re-base the last cycle value */
 	clock->cycle_last = clocksource_read(clock);

Tomas Janousek, SW Engineer, Red Hat, Inc.

View attachment "procps-3.2.7-ps-stime.patch" of type "text/plain" (2280 bytes)

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