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Date:	Wed, 5 Dec 2007 20:03:19 +0100
From:	Markus Metzger <markus.t.metzger@...el.com>
To:	ak@...e.de, hpa@...or.com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	mingo@...e.hu, tglx@...utronix.de
Cc:	markus.t.metzger@...il.com, suresh.b.siddha@...el.com,
	roland@...hat.com, akpm@...ux-foundation.org
Subject: [patch 2/2] man: man pages for ptrace BTS extension

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Changes to the last version:
- ported to v 2.68

Signed-off-by: Markus Metzger <markus.t.metzger@...el.com>
Signed-off-by: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@...el.com>
---

Index: man-pages-2.68/man2/ptrace.2
===================================================================
--- man-pages-2.68.orig/man2/ptrace.2	2007-11-30 17:22:59.%N +0100
+++ man-pages-2.68/man2/ptrace.2	2007-11-30 17:26:48.%N +0100
@@ -40,6 +40,9 @@
 .\"        PTRACE_SETSIGINFO, PTRACE_SYSEMU, PTRACE_SYSEMU_SINGLESTEP
 .\"    (Thanks to Blaisorblade, Daniel Jacobowitz and others who helped.)
 .\"
+.\" Modified Nov 2007, Markus Metzger <markus.t.metzger@...el.com>
+.\"     Added PTRACE_BTS_* commands
+.\"
 .TH PTRACE 2 2007-11-15 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
 .SH NAME
 ptrace \- process trace
@@ -378,6 +381,95 @@
 detached in this way regardless of which method was used to initiate
 tracing.
 (\fIaddr\fP is ignored.)
+.LP
+The following ptrace commands provide access to the hardware's last
+branch recording. They may not be available on all architectures.
+.LP
+Last branch recording stores an execution trace of the traced process
+in a circular buffer (called Branch Trace Store). For every
+(conditional) control flow change, the source and destination address
+are stored. On some architectures, control flow changes inside the
+kernel may be recorded, as well. On later architectures, these are
+automatically filtered out.
+.LP
+In addition to branches, timestamps may optionally be recorded when
+the traced process arrives and departs, respectively. This information
+can be used to obtain a qualitative execution order, if more than one
+process is traced.
+.LP
+.nf
+enum ptrace_bts_qualifier {
+	PTRACE_BTS_INVALID = 0,
+	PTRACE_BTS_BRANCH,
+	PTRACE_BTS_TASK_ARRIVES,
+	PTRACE_BTS_TASK_DEPARTS
+};
+.sp
+struct ptrace_bts_record {
+	enum ptrace_bts_qualifier qualifier;
+	union {
+		/* PTRACE_BTS_BRANCH */
+		struct {
+			void *from_ip;
+			void *to_ip;
+		} lbr;
+		/* PTRACE_BTS_TASK_ARRIVES or
+		   PTRACE_BTS_TASK_DEPARTS */
+		unsigned long long timestamp;
+	} variant;
+};
+.fi
+.LP
+.TP
+PTRACE_BTS_MAX_BUFFER_SIZE
+Returns the maximal BTS buffer size.
+.TP
+PTRACE_BTS_ALLOCATE_BUFFER
+Allocate a new BTS buffer big enough to hold \fIdata\fP \fBstruct
+ptrace_bts_record\fP entries.
+\fIData\fP must be in the range of 0..PTRACE_BTS_MAX_BUFFER_SIZE.
+If a buffer is already allocated, that buffer is freed after the new
+buffer was successfully allocated. The new buffer initially contains
+invalid entries.
+Typically, a buffer is allocated once when tracing starts. It is
+automatically deallocated when the parent detaches from the child.
+(\fIaddr\fP is ignored.)
+.TP
+PTRACE_BTS_GET_BUFFER_SIZE
+Returns the actual BTS buffer size in number of BTS records. The
+command fails, if no buffer has been allocated.
+(\fIaddr\fP and \fIdata\fP are ignored.)
+.TP
+PTRACE_BTS_GET_INDEX
+Returns the index of the next entry to be (over)written by the tracing
+hardware. This can be used to determine the end of the current
+execution trace.
+(\fIaddr\fP and \fIdata\fP are ignored.)
+.TP
+PTRACE_BTS_READ_RECORD
+Reads the BTS record at index \fIdata\fP into \fIaddr\fP. The caller
+is responsible for allocating memory at \fIaddr\fP of at least
+\fB sizeof(struct ptrace_bts_record)\fP bytes. The index \fIdata\fP
+must be in the range 0..PTRACE_BTS_GET_BUFFER_SIZE - 1.
+.TP
+PTRACE_BTS_CONFIG
+Configures last branch recording from \fIdata\fP in the parent.
+(\fIaddr\fP is ignored.)
+\fIdata\fP is interpreted
+as a bitmask of options, which are specified by the following flags:
+.RS
+.TP
+PTRACE_BTS_O_TRACE_TASK
+Record last branch records for control flow changes.
+.TP
+PTRACE_BTS_O_TIMESTAMPS
+Record timestamps when child arrives and departs, respectively.
+.RE
+.TP
+PTRACE_BTS_STATUS
+Returns the current BTS configuration as a bitmask of the above
+options.
+(\fIaddr\fP and \fIdata\fP are ignored.)
 .SH "RETURN VALUE"
 On success,
 .B PTRACE_PEEK*
@@ -432,6 +524,16 @@
 .B ESRCH
 The specified process does not exist, or is not currently being traced
 by the caller, or is not stopped (for requests that require that).
+.TP
+.B EOPNOTSUPP
+The operation is not supported on this architecture.
+.TP
+.B ENOMEM
+Not enough memory to allocate the BTS buffer.
+.TP
+.B ENXIO
+An attempt to access BTS information has been made without allocating
+a BTS buffer first.
 .SH "CONFORMING TO"
 SVr4, 4.3BSD
 .SH NOTES
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