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Date:	Tue, 27 Oct 2009 17:04:55 +0200
From:	Gleb Natapov <gleb@...hat.com>
To:	Gregory Haskins <gregory.haskins@...il.com>
Cc:	Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@...ell.com>, kvm@...r.kernel.org,
	"alacrityvm-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net" 
	<alacrityvm-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net>,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com
Subject: Re: [KVM PATCH v3 1/3] KVM: fix race in irq_routing logic

On Tue, Oct 27, 2009 at 10:50:45AM -0400, Gregory Haskins wrote:
> Gleb Natapov wrote:
> > On Tue, Oct 27, 2009 at 10:00:15AM -0400, Gregory Haskins wrote:
> >> Gregory Haskins wrote:
> >>> Gleb Natapov wrote:
> >>>> On Mon, Oct 26, 2009 at 12:21:57PM -0400, Gregory Haskins wrote:
> >>>>> The current code suffers from the following race condition:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> thread-1                                    thread-2
> >>>>> -----------------------------------------------------------
> >>>>>
> >>>>> kvm_set_irq() {
> >>>>>    rcu_read_lock()
> >>>>>    irq_rt = rcu_dereference(table);
> >>>>>    rcu_read_unlock();
> >>>>>
> >>>>>                                        kvm_set_irq_routing() {
> >>>>>                                           mutex_lock();
> >>>>>                                           irq_rt = table;
> >>>>>                                           rcu_assign_pointer();
> >>>>>                                           mutex_unlock();
> >>>>>                                           synchronize_rcu();
> >>>>>
> >>>>>                                           kfree(irq_rt);
> >>>>>
> >>>>>    irq_rt->entry->set(); /* bad */
> >>>>>
> >>>> This is not what happens. irq_rt is never accessed outside read-side
> >>>> critical section.
> >>> Sorry, I was generalizing to keep the comments short.  I figured it
> >>> would be clear what I was actually saying, but realize in retrospect
> >>> that I was a little ambiguous.
> >> Here is a revised problem statement
> >>
> >>     thread-1                                    thread-2
> >>     -----------------------------------------------------------
> >>
> >>     kvm_set_irq() {
> >>        rcu_read_lock()
> >>        irq_rt = rcu_dereference(table);
> >>        entry_cache = get_entries(irq_rt);
> >>        rcu_read_unlock();
> >>
> >>                                             invalidate_entries(irq_rt);
> >>
> >>        for_each_entry(entry_cache)
> >> 	  entry->set(); /* bad */
> >>
> >>     -------------------------------------------------------------
> >>
> >>
> >> "invalidate_entries()" may be any operation that deletes an entry at
> >> run-time (doesn't exist today), or as the guest is shutting down.  As
> >> far as I can tell, the current code does not protect us from either
> >> condition, and my proposed patch protects us from both.  Did I miss
> >> anything?
> >>
> > Yes. What happened to irq_rt is completely irrelevant at the point you
> > marked /* bad */.
> 
> kfree() happened to irq_rt, and thus to the objects behind the pointers
> in entry_cache at the point I marked /* bad */.
The entire entry is cached not a pointer to an entry! kfree().

> 
> That certainly isn't /* good */ ;)
> 
It looks like we are looking at different code :)

--
			Gleb.
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