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Date:	Mon,  9 Nov 2009 23:31:21 +0800
From:	Wu Zhangjin <wuzhangjin@...il.com>
To:	linux-mips@...ux-mips.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	zhangfx@...ote.com, zhouqg@...il.com,
	Wu Zhangjin <wuzhangjin@...il.com>,
	Ralf Baechle <ralf@...ux-mips.org>, rostedt@...dmis.org,
	Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@...il.com>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...e.hu>,
	Nicholas Mc Guire <der.herr@...r.at>,
	David Daney <ddaney@...iumnetworks.com>,
	Richard Sandiford <rdsandiford@...glemail.com>,
	Patrik Kluba <kpajko79@...il.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
	Michal Simek <monstr@...str.eu>
Subject: [PATCH v7 04/17] tracing: add static function tracer support for MIPS

From: Wu Zhangjin <wuzhangjin@...il.com>

If -pg of gcc is enabled with CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER=y. a calling to
_mcount will be inserted into each kernel function. so, there is a
possibility to trace the kernel functions in _mcount.

This patch add the MIPS specific _mcount support for static function
tracing. by deafult, ftrace_trace_function is initialized as
ftrace_stub(an empty function), so, the default _mcount will introduce
very little overhead. after enabling ftrace in user-space, it will jump
to a real tracing function and do static function tracing for us.

And to support module tracing, we need to enable -mlong-calls for the
long call from modules space to kernel space. -mlong-calls load the
address of _mcount to a register and then jump to it, so, the address is
allowed to be 32bit long, but without -mlong-calls, for the instruction
"jal _mcount" only left 26bit for the address of _mcount, which is not
enough for jumping from the module space to kernel space.

Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Wu Zhangjin <wuzhangjin@...il.com>
---
 arch/mips/Kconfig              |    1 +
 arch/mips/Makefile             |    4 ++
 arch/mips/include/asm/ftrace.h |   25 +++++++++++-
 arch/mips/kernel/Makefile      |    2 +
 arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S      |   83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/mips/kernel/mips_ksyms.c  |    5 ++
 6 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S

diff --git a/arch/mips/Kconfig b/arch/mips/Kconfig
index 03bd56a..6b33e88 100644
--- a/arch/mips/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/Kconfig
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@ config MIPS
 	select HAVE_IDE
 	select HAVE_OPROFILE
 	select HAVE_ARCH_KGDB
+	select HAVE_FUNCTION_TRACER
 	# Horrible source of confusion.  Die, die, die ...
 	select EMBEDDED
 	select RTC_LIB if !LEMOTE_FULOONG2E
diff --git a/arch/mips/Makefile b/arch/mips/Makefile
index 77f5021..041deca 100644
--- a/arch/mips/Makefile
+++ b/arch/mips/Makefile
@@ -48,7 +48,11 @@ ifneq ($(SUBARCH),$(ARCH))
   endif
 endif
 
+ifndef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
 cflags-y := -ffunction-sections
+else
+cflags-y := -mlong-calls
+endif
 cflags-y += $(call cc-option, -mno-check-zero-division)
 
 ifdef CONFIG_32BIT
diff --git a/arch/mips/include/asm/ftrace.h b/arch/mips/include/asm/ftrace.h
index 40a8c17..5f8ebcf 100644
--- a/arch/mips/include/asm/ftrace.h
+++ b/arch/mips/include/asm/ftrace.h
@@ -1 +1,24 @@
-/* empty */
+/*
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License.  See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 DSLab, Lanzhou University, China
+ * Author: Wu Zhangjin <wuzj@...ote.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_MIPS_FTRACE_H
+#define _ASM_MIPS_FTRACE_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
+
+#define MCOUNT_ADDR ((unsigned long)(_mcount))
+#define MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE 4		/* sizeof mcount call */
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+extern void _mcount(void);
+#define mcount _mcount
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER */
+#endif /* _ASM_MIPS_FTRACE_H */
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/Makefile b/arch/mips/kernel/Makefile
index f228868..38e704a 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/Makefile
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ obj-y		+= cpu-probe.o branch.o entry.o genex.o irq.o process.o \
 
 ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
 CFLAGS_REMOVE_trace_clock.o = -pg
+CFLAGS_REMOVE_early_printk.o = -pg
 endif
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_CEVT_BCM1480)	+= cevt-bcm1480.o
@@ -29,6 +30,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE)	+= stacktrace.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES)		+= mips_ksyms.o module.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_FTRACE)		+= trace_clock.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER)	+= mcount.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_LOONGSON2)	+= r4k_fpu.o r4k_switch.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_MIPS32)	+= r4k_fpu.o r4k_switch.o
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S b/arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cebcc3c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+/*
+ * MIPS specific _mcount support
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License.  See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 Lemote Inc. & DSLab, Lanzhou University, China
+ * Author: Wu Zhangjin <wuzj@...ote.com>
+ */
+
+#include <asm/regdef.h>
+#include <asm/stackframe.h>
+#include <asm/ftrace.h>
+
+	.text
+	.set noreorder
+	.set noat
+
+	.macro MCOUNT_SAVE_REGS
+	PTR_SUBU	sp, PT_SIZE
+	PTR_S	ra, PT_R31(sp)
+	PTR_S	AT, PT_R1(sp)
+	PTR_S	a0, PT_R4(sp)
+	PTR_S	a1, PT_R5(sp)
+	PTR_S	a2, PT_R6(sp)
+	PTR_S	a3, PT_R7(sp)
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+	PTR_S	a4, PT_R8(sp)
+	PTR_S	a5, PT_R9(sp)
+	PTR_S	a6, PT_R10(sp)
+	PTR_S	a7, PT_R11(sp)
+#endif
+	.endm
+
+	.macro MCOUNT_RESTORE_REGS
+	PTR_L	ra, PT_R31(sp)
+	PTR_L	AT, PT_R1(sp)
+	PTR_L	a0, PT_R4(sp)
+	PTR_L	a1, PT_R5(sp)
+	PTR_L	a2, PT_R6(sp)
+	PTR_L	a3, PT_R7(sp)
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+	PTR_L	a4, PT_R8(sp)
+	PTR_L	a5, PT_R9(sp)
+	PTR_L	a6, PT_R10(sp)
+	PTR_L	a7, PT_R11(sp)
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+	PTR_ADDIU	sp, PT_SIZE
+#else
+	PTR_ADDIU	sp, (PT_SIZE + 8)
+#endif
+.endm
+
+	.macro RETURN_BACK
+	jr ra
+	 move ra, AT
+	.endm
+
+NESTED(_mcount, PT_SIZE, ra)
+	PTR_LA	t0, ftrace_stub
+	PTR_L	t1, ftrace_trace_function /* Prepare t1 for (1) */
+	bne	t0, t1, static_trace
+	 nop
+	b	ftrace_stub
+	 nop
+
+static_trace:
+	MCOUNT_SAVE_REGS
+
+	move	a0, ra		/* arg1: next ip, selfaddr */
+	jalr	t1	/* (1) call *ftrace_trace_function */
+	 move	a1, AT		/* arg2: the caller's next ip, parent */
+
+	MCOUNT_RESTORE_REGS
+	.globl ftrace_stub
+ftrace_stub:
+	RETURN_BACK
+	END(_mcount)
+
+	.set at
+	.set reorder
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/mips_ksyms.c b/arch/mips/kernel/mips_ksyms.c
index 225755d..1d04807 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/mips_ksyms.c
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/mips_ksyms.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
 #include <asm/checksum.h>
 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/ftrace.h>
 
 extern void *__bzero(void *__s, size_t __count);
 extern long __strncpy_from_user_nocheck_asm(char *__to,
@@ -51,3 +52,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_partial_copy_nocheck);
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(__csum_partial_copy_user);
 
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(invalid_pte_table);
+#ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
+/* _mcount is defined in arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S */
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(_mcount);
+#endif
-- 
1.6.2.1

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