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Date:	Mon, 9 Nov 2009 20:16:08 +0000
From: (Lennart Sorensen)
To:	Matteo Croce <>
Cc:	"H. Peter Anvin" <>, Ingo Molnar <>,
Subject: Re: i686 quirk for AMD Geode

On Sun, Nov 08, 2009 at 07:42:48PM +0100, Matteo Croce wrote:
> There is a small advantage, but considering that GCC isn't much geode aware yet
> there is stil room for improvement IMHO:

Perhaps gcc considers geode to mean geode GX[m12] not geode LX (which is
newer and the one in question here).

The Geode GX line prefers i486 code to i586 code (which appears to be
what -march=geode is for).  I am using i486 at the moment when I build
for this one.

The Geode LX is what is being discussed which is in fact mostly a K6 as
far as I understand things.  It seems to like i686 code, other than
apparently those NOP instructions.  I wonder if the K6 has those noop
instructions and if not, perhaps gcc 4.4's -march=k6-3 would be the
right choice.  I have always suspected the LX was really a K6-3 based
design (the cache sizes are a bit different, but clock speeds and
instruction sets seem to match).

The Geode NX (which no one has mentioned yet) is an Athlon derived chip.

> root@...x:/usr/src/dist# ll
> totale 257M
> -rwxr-xr-x 1 1000 src  93K  8 nov  2009 bzip2-i586
> -rwxr-xr-x 1 1000 src  93K  8 nov  2009 bzip2-i686
> -rwxr-xr-x 1 1000 src  60K  8 nov  2009 gzip-i586
> -rwxr-xr-x 1 1000 src  60K  8 nov  2009 gzip-i686
> -rw-r--r-- 1 1000 src 256M  8 nov  2009 linux-
> -rwxr-xr-x 1 1000 src  90K  8 nov  2009 lzma-i586
> -rwxr-xr-x 1 1000 src  94K  8 nov  2009 lzma-i686
> root@...x:/usr/src/dist# time cat linux- >/dev/null
> real    0m10.168s
> user    0m0.030s
> sys     0m1.390s
> root@...x:/usr/src/dist# time ./gzip-i586 -9 < linux- >/dev/null
> real    5m22.331s
> user    5m10.820s
> sys     0m11.170s
> root@...x:/usr/src/dist# time ./gzip-i686 -9 < linux- >/dev/null
> real    5m3.737s
> user    4m51.880s
> sys     0m11.510s
> root@...x:/usr/src/dist# time ./bzip2-i586 -9 < linux- >/dev/null
> real    9m16.539s
> user    9m4.410s
> sys     0m11.760s
> root@...x:/usr/src/dist# time ./bzip2-i686 -9 < linux- >/dev/null
> real    8m48.682s
> user    8m34.950s
> sys     0m13.260s

Len Sorensen
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