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Date:	Wed, 11 Nov 2009 12:00:17 +0100
From:	Corrado Zoccolo <>
To:	Przemysław Pawełczyk 
Cc:	lkml <>
Subject: Re: SATA NCQ - blessing for throughput, curse for latency?

2009/11/11 Przemysław Pawełczyk <>:
> Hi,
> [snip] I wrote a script (that is pasted
> at the end), which using zcav from bonnie++ (and unbuffer from expect
> to work properly if output is redirected to a file) reads up to 64 GB
> of the disk, but after a first few gigabytes (depending on how many GB
> of memory you have) cats kernel sources with binary files up to the
> second level of directory depth. What is measured? The real time of
> the cat to /dev/null operation. Why not the kernel sources alone?
> Because if we build kernel, especially with -jX (where X > 1), then
> both inodes and contents of the corresponding files within these
> directories generally won't be consecutive. Time for the results with
> some background information. In my tests I have used built
> with debuginfo (using debian's make-kpkg).
>[summarized the relevant numbers]
> *** NCQ turned on ***
> real 752.30
> user 0.20
> sys 1.83
> *** NCQ turned off *** (kernel booted with noncq parameter)
> real 62.30
> user 0.27
> sys 1.59
> [snip]
> Can anyone confirm analogous NCQ-dependant behavior with other
> disk/controller variants? Any suggestions for improvements other than
> turning off NCQ or switching to anticipatory (in typical cases cfq is
> better, so it's not the best option)?

The NCQ latency problem is well known, and should be fixed in 2.6.32.
You can try building the latest rc.


dott. Corrado Zoccolo                
PhD - Department of Computer Science - University of Pisa, Italy
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